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Islamic Economics

Thank God the Creator, and extender livelihood, which is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth,…… وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، ….. , And I bear witness that our Master and Prophet Muhammad is His slave and Messenger, sent guidance lamp converts, …. God bless him and his family and companions .
As yet, the topic you want to talk about it here – An Islamic economy – Is a very important theme in the life of nations, because the economy in every age of the ages is the backbone of this life, it has become international policy moves, and alter the conditions of the situation to develop, care has been critical in Islamic law, which came from Aziz Hamid, who knows what in Twaya these souls, and knows what is in the universe .
The subject of money is a very important subject, and came in the sayings of the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him evidence that the human asks him where he acquired, and Wim spent[Narrated by al-Tirmidhi in book : Resurrection recipe, Bab : In the resurrection (3425) Using Abu Barzah Aslami]?? :{ وَآتُوهُمْ مِنْ مَالِ اللَّهِ الَّذِي آتَاكُمْ } [Noor : 33] , And the Almighty says : {وَأَنْفِقُوا مِمَّا جَعَلَكُمْ مُسْتَخْلَفِينَ فِيهِ} [Iron : 7], And what was this money Malullah man was honest it, and freedoms to investigate the order of God, so that does not offer it not reluctant, but ببينة of the Lord, do not act the act never as dictated by the whims and came Quranic verses warning against taking this money from non- : {الَّذِينَ يَأْكُلُونَ الرِّبَا لَا يَقُومُونَ إِلَّا كَمَا يَقُومُ الَّذِي يَتَخَبَّطُهُ الشَّيْطَانُ مِنَ الْمَسِّ ذَلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ قَالُوا إِنَّمَا الْبَيْعُ مِثْلُ الرِّبَا وَأَحَلَّ اللَّهُ الْبَيْعَ وَحَرَّمَ الرِّبَا فَمَنْ جَاءَهُ مَوْعِظَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِ فَانْتَهَى فَلَهُ مَا سَلَفَ وَأَمْرُهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَمَنْ عَادَ فَأُولَئِكَ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ} [Cow : 275], And the Almighty to usury, though most likely development of human capital, what is only his Mmhakh, and charity envisaged by a shortage of human capital, is only a blessing and development which, God Almighty says: {يمحق God usury and raise charity} [Cow : 276] , Says the height of the man who said : {يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَذَرُوا مَا بَقِيَ مِنَ الرِّبَا إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ (278) فَإِنْ لَمْ تَفْعَلُوا فَأْذَنُوا بِحَرْبٍ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَإِنْ تُبْتُمْ فَلَكُمْ رُءُوسُ أَمْوَالِكُمْ لَا تَظْلِمُونَ وَلَا تُظْلَمُونَ (279)} [Cow : 278 – 279] , And the Almighty says in warning of the Gallery eat the wealth of orphans : {Those who devour the wealth of orphans unjustly, eat fire in their bellies and will soon be} [Women : 10] , Says : {Eat not up your property among yourselves unjustly and you make it to the referees to eat a team of people's guilt and you know} [Cow : 188] , Says : {O ye who believe, do not eat up your property among yourselves unjustly except it be a trade amongst you do not kill yourselves God is Most Merciful to you (29) Whoever does this aggressively and unjustly Blade will fire and it is easy for Allah (30)} [Women : 29 – 30] , Came in the sayings of the Prophet, peace be upon him many of the novels Women aggregates Aziz book, which warns, which warned of the book, Aziz,: Saying peace and blessings be upon him: «God damn usury and eat, Maklh and writer and شاهديه of», and then said : «They are all the same» [Narrated by Muslim in the book: Musaqah, Bab: Curse consumes riba and Maklh of the(1598)] , I mean, in sin, and said : «Fear seven sins» [Narrated by Bukhari in the book: Wills, Bab : God's words: Those who eat the wealth of orphans Talma (2766)], Male including usury eat, says : «Little people's money inherited fire»[Narrated by Imam spring in a book: Vows : Door : Intimidating and funds(690)] , Said : «Responded thread and sewn Beware of الغلول, it is a disgrace to his family on the Day of Resurrection» [Narrated by Imam spring in a book: Vows : Door : Intimidating and funds(694)]In the hadeeth narrated by spring and sheikhs via Abu Huraira said : We traveled with the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him in the Khyber, and did not Ngenm gold, nor silver, but the money and heirlooms, he gave me a man from Bani الضبيب called Refaah to the Messenger of Allah boy black-called supported, head of the Prophet towards the valley villages, while Powered degrades the Rahal Messenger of Allah – God bless him and – It came West shares wounding, killing him, and he said people Congratulations him paradise, said the Prophet – God bless him and – «Do not and my hand, if Achammlh that taken from the spoils and develops on Khyber no switches it to catch fire, and when people heard that man came Bashrak the or Hrakin, said to him, the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him« traps or شراكان of fire »[Narrated by Imam spring in a book : Jihad, the door : Collector invasion in the way of Allah (47)] . And conversations in that too many .
According to the sayings of the Prophet – God bless him and – Warning God bless him and which is to make money, but gain the sly, he was denied the price of a dog, and Helwan priest, and the wages of a prostitute, and stallion عسب, and denied bribery – And clear referred to in the Book of Allah – And made of the reasons for cursing, and warned the Apostle – God bless him and – From all بيوعات of ambiguity, and warned of a lot to be acting people just whims desire in the development of money, and in the book of God – Also – Prohibition of gambling, God has paired with wine, and monuments and companions : {يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَالْمَيْسِرُ وَالْأَنْصَابُ وَالْأَزْلَامُ رِجْسٌ مِنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ (90) إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ الشَّيْطَانُ أَنْ يُوقِعَ بَيْنَكُمُ الْعَدَاوَةَ وَالْبَغْضَاءَ فِي الْخَمْرِ وَالْمَيْسِرِ وَيَصُدَّكُمْ عَنْ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَعَنِ الصَّلَاةِ فَهَلْ أَنْتُمْ مُنْتَهُونَ (91)} [Table : 90 – 91] FXP money but should be a good way to clean, and the face of flooding mercy and devilishly good morals, not from the face of the human becomes more like a predatory monsters, it leads to the wrath of God .
This and souls is inherent to the love of money, God exalted him to the strength of the case, and make spend meet her needs and demands access through, therefore أشربت these souls love, as God says in the description of human : {وَإِنَّهُ لِحُبِّ الْخَيْرِ لَشَدِيدٌ} [العاديات : 8]، {وَتُحِبُّونَ الْمَالَ حُبًّا جَمًّا} [الفجر : 20] ، وهذا الحب عندما يتنامى في النفس البشرية يسيطر على جميع جوانبها ، في فكرها ووجدانها وأحاسيسها فيصبح حب المال متحكماً في الحياة بأسرها ، فتقوده هذه الشهوة إلى الكثير من الأمور التي تؤدي إلى الإرهاب وإشاعة الرعب بين الناس ، وتتلف الأنفس وتزهق الأرواح ، وتسفك الدماء ، وتستباح الحرمات من أجل تنمية المال ، وربما وصل الأمر إلى أن تتقطع الصلات بسبب هذا الحب الجارف للمال بين الأقربين ، فقد يعتدي الإنسان على أقرب خاصته ، ليصل إلى ما بيد أخيه أو حميمه من الثروة ، من أجل ذلك كله جاء الإسلام بالعلاج الصحيح الذي يجعل هذه الغريزة بناءة بدلاً من أن تكون هدامة ، ونجد ذلك واضحاً في وضع القيود لاكتساب المال ، فلا يُباح للإنسان أن يكتسبه من أي وجه من الأوجه، بل من الوجوه المشروعة فقط ، كما جعل الله علاج هذا المرض بالإنفاق حتى يستعلي الإنسان على هذه الرغبة ، وحتى تتفجر في نفسه مشاعر الرحمة ، ويكون العطف على الغير من طبيعتها ، وجاء القرآن الكريم مبيناً قيمة الإنفاق ، وما يؤدي إليه عدم الإنفاق من الخطر العظيم ، فالله تعالى جعل الإنفاق في الخير من أسباب القرب إليه ، ومن أهم الوسائل التي تبلغ رضوانه ، وذلك في قوله تعالى : {As for those who gave and those who fear (5) And ratified by gentle persuasion (6) فَسَنُيَسِّرُهُ لِلْيُسْرَى (7) وَأَمَّا مَنْ بَخِلَ وَاسْتَغْنَى (8) They lied gentle persuasion (9) فَسَنُيَسِّرُهُ لِلْعُسْرَى (10) وَمَا يُغْنِي عَنْهُ مَالُهُ إِذَا تَرَدَّى (11)} [الليل : 5 – 11]، فالله تعالى يبيّن في أن من اتصف بصفات الطائفة الأولى كان ذلك سبباً للوصول إلى ما يصبو إليه كل عاقل من التيسير للحسنى ومعناه أن يتبوأ خير دار ، وكما ترون فقد ذكر الله تعالى العطاء مقدماً على التقوى، وذكره مقدماً على الإيمان والتصديق ، وذكر في المقابل البخل الذي يؤدي به إلى الإعراض عن التقوى والاستغناء بما في يده عن طاعة الله تعالى، ويؤدي به إلى التكذيب بالحسنى وتكون عاقبته أن ييسر صاحبه للعسرى ، نسأل الله تعالى السلامة.
We find that the God when vows of Kufra, which Atuadhm not just disbelief,, but Atuadhm on what they are doing these serious acts, when threatened in Surat ( S ) All Kfar tenacious said : {Cast into hell as S Kfar stubborn (24) Hinderer of good, transgressor, fishy (25) Which make with God another god فألقياه the in extreme agony (26)} [S : 24 – 26], The first what was described by the infidel that Manna for good, as well as when asked who enter Hell, have their answer : {قَالُوا لَمْ نَكُ مِنَ الْمُصَلِّينَ (43) وَلَمْ نَكُ نُطْعِمُ الْمِسْكِينَ (44)} [Amma : 43 – 44], Recalled the first because they are not of worshipers, and next to that they were not feeding the poor .
If the most important duties of religion, and the most important reasons for survival and happiness, spending money and it is known that the money but it is money God, and must be disposed of is set controls that God commanded them, and limiting the restrictions legitimacy so as not to deviate from being spent legitimately, you will find the Koran recommends – A pot that includes all types of land – , He says: {مَثَلُ الَّذِينَ يُنْفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ كَمَثَلِ حَبَّةٍ أَنْبَتَتْ سَبْعَ سَنَابِلَ فِي كُلِّ سُنْبُلَةٍ مِائَةُ حَبَّةٍ وَاللَّهُ يُضَاعِفُ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ وَاللَّهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ} [Cow : 261] , But this is set spending controls congenital so as not يتلبس the what frustrates reward, says the Almighty: {الَّذِينَ يُنْفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ لَا يُتْبِعُونَ مَا أَنْفَقُوا مَنًّا وَلَا أَذًى لَهُمْ أَجْرُهُمْ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ وَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ} [Cow : 262], And between the seriousness of the manna and the harm he says : {Words known and forgiveness is better than charity followed by injury and God goes Halim} [Cow : 263] , Then followed as saying that : {يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تُبْطِلُوا صَدَقَاتِكُمْ بِالْمَنِّ وَالْأَذَى كَالَّذِي يُنْفِقُ مَالَهُ رِئَاءَ النَّاسِ وَلَا يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ فَمَثَلُهُ كَمَثَلِ صَفْوَانٍ عَلَيْهِ تُرَابٌ فَأَصَابَهُ وَابِلٌ فَتَرَكَهُ صَلْدًا لَا يَقْدِرُونَ عَلَى شَيْءٍ مِمَّا كَسَبُوا وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْكَافِرِينَ} [Cow : 264] In these verses, God warned frustrate the work Balmain and harm, Valsedkh the frustrated hypocrisy and aphids harm, and those of us who spend their money and they can not harm that reach Banvagahm to something, because it is such Elsafoan – It is solid rock upon which a thin layer of dirt – Can not grow it something, if rain descended upon the consequence was that the unfolding appearance grim demise of that layer dirt covered, if the matter leads to despair of any benefit, this affair which he spends his money or hypocrisy or harm us, God Almighty upon that .
The Koran exhorts reminding spending most serious stages throughout the human, in recalling the other day which reversed the relationship of affection to hostility except those who are pious, ordering spend money says : {يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنْفِقُوا مِمَّا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ يَوْمٌ لَا بَيْعٌ فِيهِ وَلَا خُلَّةٌ وَلَا شَفَاعَةٌ وَالْكَافِرُونَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ} [Cow : 254] , As well as in recalling the death God commands spending before that day comes, he says : {يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تُلْهِكُمْ أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَلَا أَوْلَادُكُمْ عَنْ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ فَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْخَاسِرُونَ (9) وَأَنْفِقُوا مِنْ مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ أَحَدَكُمُ الْمَوْتُ فَيَقُولَ رَبِّ لَوْلَا أَخَّرْتَنِي إِلَى أَجَلٍ قَرِيبٍ فَأَصَّدَّقَ وَأَكُنْ مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ (10)} [Hypocrites : 9 – 10] , One should human beings be ready to meet death to spending for the sake of God before that Ebagth and the wish to be slack even for a short time to give something in charity and I am him? : {يَا أَيُّهَا الَ Cowآمَنُوا أَنْفِقُوا مِنْ طَيِّبَاتِ مَا كَسَبْتُمْ وَمِمَّا أَخْرَجْنَا لَكُمْ مِنَ الْأَرْضِ وَلَا تَيَمَّمُوا الْخَبِيثَ مِنْهُ تُنْفِقُونَ وَلَسْتُمْ بِآخِذِيهِ إِلَّا أَنْ تُغْمِضُوا فِيهِ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ حَمِيدٌ} [Cow : 267] , Has been among the Quran that be in the mainland, which tend to spending psychology of money : {لَنْ تَنَالُوا الْبِرَّ حَتَّى تُنْفِقُوا مِمَّا تُحِبُّونَ وَمَا تُنْفِقُوا مِنْ شَيْءٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ بِهِ عَلِيمٌ} [Imran : 92] , When mentioned qualities mainland was mentioned after spending rights doctrine which loves of his wealth to the needy : {لَيْسَ الْبِرَّ أَنْ تُوَلُّوا وُجُوهَكُمْ قِبَلَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ وَلَكِنَّ الْبِرَّ مَنْ آمَنَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ وَالْمَلَائِكَةِ وَالْكِتَابِ وَالنَّبِيِّينَ وَآتَى الْمَالَ عَلَى حُبِّهِ ذَوِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْيَتَامَى وَالْمَسَاكِينَ وَابْنَ السَّبِيلِ وَالسَّائِلِينَ وَفِي الرِّقَابِ} [Cow : 177] , And these rights of Zakat is proof that God followed that up saying : { And established prayer and came Zakat } [Cow : 177] It is well known that kindness requires covariance between sympathizers, there be المعطوف him Ain المعطوف, and God in the invitation to gallery shows spending for the slaves that they bestow goodness very much for spending says : {Who is it that God lends a loan Well Fadhaafh him exponentially many} [Cow : 245] , Says: {Satan promises you poverty, commands بالفحشاء and Allah promises you forgiveness from him and as well as broad and God knows} [Cow : 268] , Satan ordering بالفحشاء, and God commands goodness and righteousness, and is spent forgiveness in the Hereafter as well as includes the afterlife and the world, God shows that every expense is Knowing: {وَمَا تُنْفِقُوا مِنْ شَيْءٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ بِهِ عَلِيمٌ} [Imran : 92] ، والإنفاق في الإسلام متنوع ، فمنه إنفاق مقيد وهو الزكاة التي تجب بمرور زمن مخصوص وهو مرور الحول ، وهناك إنفاق مطلق ، والقرآن يشير إلى أهمية الزكاة وأنها تضاع من قبل المشركين ويعدهم الله بالويل ، وقد فرضت في بداية الإسلام ووكلت إلى الأغنياء ينفقونها بقدر ما يرون ، ولم يجعل لها حداً ، وليس كما يقال إنها فرضت في المدينة ، ويدلّ على ذلك الآيات الكثيرة التي نزلت في مكة مثل سورة فصلت التي نزلت في مكة ، وفيها : {وَوَيْلٌ لِلْمُشْرِكِينَ (6) الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ} [Separated : 6 – 7] ، وفي سورة المزمل: { وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ} [المزمل : 20] , And it was said that this verse from the verses of sura was revealed in the city is not true, was promulgated this verse indicates that copying is imposed at the beginning of the most of the night, and that was in Mecca, then eased on people and that before the imposition of the five daily prayers, and then imposed prayers : { And keep up prayer and pay the poor and God lent loan Well} [المزمل : 20] , And there are a lot of verses revealed in Mecca indicate on this hypothesis, such as in AL Almariaat a verse : {وَفِي أَمْوَالِهِمْ حَقٌّ لِلسَّائِلِ وَالْمَحْرُومِ} [الذاريات : 19] ، وما في سورة المعارج وهو قوله سبحانه وتعالى : {لِلسَّائِلِ وَالْمَحْرُومِ (25) وَالَّذِينَ يُصَدِّقُونَ بِيَوْمِ الدِّينِ (26)} [Ascent : 25 – 26] And also shows that what was revealed in Medina, which indicates that the phase in which God is people that يصبروا on what harm were throwing Mamoran establish prayer and pay zakat, and that was before the fighting to impose on them, and that was – As is well known – Mecca.
والزكاة تؤدي إلى تربية ضمائر الأغنياء حيث تتفجر هذه النفوس بمشاعر الرحمة والرغبة في الإحسان وتستل الأحقاد التي في نفوس الفقراء الذين يشعرون بالنقمة وحب الانتقام من الأغنياء ، فمن حكمة الله أن يسن هذا الإنفاق ليكون هناك تواؤم وانسجام بين طائفتي الأغنياء والفقراء ، وبيّن أن كون المال دولة بين الأغنياء غير مرغوب فيه في الشرع ، وأمر الزكاة أمر خطير في الإسلام ، والوعيد على ترك الزكاة كثير ، وجاء في حديث الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم : «There is no prayer for Zakat blocker and infringer Kmanaha the»[Narrated by Imam spring in a book: Zakat, Bab : Intimidation to prevent Zakat (340) By Ibn Abbas] Any who inappropriately into our legitimate, and between God that Zakat cleanse, he says : {خُذْ مِنْ أَمْوَالِهِمْ صَدَقَةً تُطَهِّرُهُمْ وَتُزَكِّيهِمْ بِهَا} [Repentance : 103] On the that Zakat label indicate the purity and thrive, it means Zacchaeus grew, Zacchaeus also cleared, It educates the souls on the virtues and the move away from the effects of scarcity, and so rise .
والإسلام بهذا النظام المالي يفارق النظامين المشهورين الشيوعي والرأسمالي ، فالشيوعية تمنع الفرد من أن يتملك ، أما الرأسمالية فتعطيه حرية التملك المطلق ، فلا تفرض عليه قيوداً خلقية ولا اجتماعية، بعكس الإسلام الذي أجاز للفرد أن يتملك ، لأن هذه سنة الحياة ، ولأن تقدم عجلة الحياة لا يكون إلا بالتنافس على اكتساب الخير ، ولكن هذه الملكية مضبوطة بضوابط ، فالله تعالى فرض الإنفاق المطلق عندما تكون الزكاة غير سادة حاجة الفقراء ولابد من إيتائهم المال لأنه جسر يصل الأفراد بعضهم ببعض، وبذلك يكون المجتمع الصالح ، فتذوب الفوارق، وتتحطم الحواجز ، وتكون الرحمة والإحسان ، وعلى الإنسان أن يبادر قبل الموت بالإنفاق في سبيل الله، والنفقات المطلوبة كثيرة ، فالزكاة المفروضة يجب أن تؤدى ، ثم مع هذا هناك ميدان واسع للتنافس بين أهل الخير ، فينفق المال على المحتاجين من غير الزكاة المفروضة ، وكذلك هناك مجالات أخرى ، فإنفاق المال في إنشاء المدارس – Especially Koranic schools and religious – Of the greatest righteousness which is close to God, as well as the establishment of centers – Especially in the summer holidays – In order to compete with the students to memorize the Book of God and the acquisition of religious knowledge, as well as the printing of books, and the establishment of libraries, and the establishment of all mainland centers, and the establishment of institutions that offer good loans are far from dealing in riba .. Etc., Let the competitors, and ask forgiveness of God to you and me, and God bless our Prophet Muhammad and upon his family and companions .


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