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Manuscript in the gutter valley: Its cultural and historical value

Through library “Sheikh Haj Saleh Bin Omar Ali” 1287- 1347AH / 1870-1928

The manuscript bowl holds the nation's thought, and its vision of the universe, and sense, and their ability to adapt to changing conditions of history, although that vessel - in itself- To reveal some of the cultural components of the environment to which he belongs, also informs us on some of the historical details minute assistance in understanding the historical happening in the community part of cultural and scientific, which earns manuscript Kuaa historical and cultural value.

This lecture aims to highlight the cultural and historical value of the manuscript valley gutter, thus contributing to the interpretation of the distinctive character of the civilization of this region.
I begged to have this end my appreciation to count the number of manuscripts and libraries valley gutter on the basis of what has been achieved indexes some libraries; then through statistical operations related to the library with Sheikh Saleh bin Haji Omar Ali T. 1347 ه من الكتب المخطوطة، وقد اخترت هذه المكتبة دون غيرها للأسباب التالية:
-1 المكتبة تعتبر -بلا جدال- Of the most important and the largest libraries valley gutter, is also a model library for these libraries, Bmkhozunha and balance of manuscripts.
-2 Library Library author of the world, took senate of mosque built يزقن the of, and Thus, ضالته in the acquisition of the manuscript is not only science.
-3 Library indexing completed by Yahya bin Isa Brotherhood Bouras, Ayoub bin Saleh Bnqh,, in September 2000 م، وفهرستُهما كانت ثمرةَ الخبرة المتراكمة لسنوات في مجال فهرسة المخطوطات بوادي ميزاب، وقد أسهم فيها جمعيات وأفراد.
إحصاء تقديريّ لعدد المخطوطات بمكتبات وادي ميزاب:
The library, which has indexed nine libraries, are arranged according to the number of manuscripts
As follows:
Library place No.
Manuscripts
01 Library Sheikh Haj Saleh bin Omar Ali T. 1347 Its built يزقن 1210
02 مكتبة الشيخ محمد بن سليمان ابن ادريسو ت 1313 Its built يزقن 811
03 مكتبة عشيرة آل يدّر بني يزقن 594
04 مكتبة عشيرة آل فضل بني يزقن 508
05 مكتبة الشيخ الحاج محمد بن عيسى ازبار ت 1307 Its built يزقن 490
06 مكتبة إروان (Dar pupils) Kindness 288
07 مكتبة البكريّ ت 1406 ه العطف 135
08 مكتبة الشيخ عمّي سعيد الجربيّ ت 898 ه غرداية 91
09 مكتبة الحاج عيسى بوعيس ت 1410 Its built يزقن 58
Total 4185
It is six libraries of the children يزقن, and Mketbtan of kindness, a library and one of Ghardaia, and the rest of the manuscript libraries open to students, which could not be completed scientific Index has nine libraries, a:
-1 مكتبة الشيخ حمو باباوموسى، ومكتبة معهد عمّي سعيد، ومكتبة الحاج مسعود
بابكر الغرداويّ، بغرداية.
-2 مكتبة القطب الشيخ اطفيش، ومكتبة الاستقامة، ومكتبة الحاج إبراهيم أوزكري، ببني يزقن.
-3 مكتبة السلف، بمليكة.
-4 مكتبة الشيخ بالحاج، بالقرارة.
-5 مكتبة النهضة، بالعطف.
It is no less important libraries in terms of the amount of indexed manuscripts from libraries; addition to many other libraries have not yet opened their doors, in all the villages of the valley gutter; making our appreciation to the many manuscripts are now the valley gutter area is in the range of ten thousand manuscript.
This quantum of manuscripts too little for the number of Arabic manuscripts in the libraries of the world, and that of Viscount Philippe de Tarazi, in his book “Bookcases in the Arab Alkhafiqin”, About 262 Million manuscripts( 1);, But a considerable number if measured by what it available Algeria scripts, which makes the gutter Valley area right of the richest regions of the country this intellectual heritage.
Which indicates that the community Ibadi and civilization but was based on science, it represents the highest body in the social system, a loop Aezzabh, which is a scientific body in the first place, not only its mission in religious affairs, but extends to the policy community and the conduct of its affairs in various .
If the number of manuscripts valley gutter area does not exceed the proportion of 0.003 % The number of Arabic manuscripts in the world, what distinguishes these libraries is available on the scripts do not exist in any of the world's libraries, library, are scripts Moroccan Ibadhi heritage in general, and Almizaba In particular, they are in terms of the quality of the manuscript unmatched Ibadi
In the libraries of the world.
Library balance Sheikh Haj Saleh bin Omar Ali of manuscript books:
The library catalog is divided into three parts, namely,:
-1 Volume I: Texts, annotations, footnotes, and abbreviations = 787 Book.
-2 المجلّد الثاني: الرسائل، والأجوبة، والردود= 174 Message.
-3 المجلّد الثالث: القصائد، والنظم، والأراجيز= 249 منظومة وقصيدة.
مجموع المخطوطات التي تحتوي عليها المكتبة= 1210 Manuscripts.
والقسم الذي اهتممت به في هذه الدراسة هو المجلّد الأوّل الخاصّ بالكتب المخطوطة.
عدد الكتب التي تحتوي عليها المكتبة 787 كتابا مخطوطا؛ وعدد العناوين فيها 546 عنوانا، و 241 Manuscripts of books that colorful copied, or how many parts.
If صنفنا this manuscript books in the library as quality between authored إباضي, non إباضي, author unknown, we get the following:
إباضية authoring is إباضية unknown author
Total
787 123 230 Number 434
The proportion of authoring Ibadi library is 55.14 %, Which emphasizes the value of the valley gutter manuscript library in terms of the number of manuscripts Ibadi.
The authoring is Ibadi Vnsptha the 29.22 %, While the proportion of authoring anonymous author %15.62 And, if we take into account that most of the literature the author is anonymous إباضية shown us this over the open Ibadi community Islamic culture various مشاربها of the Menahiha.
وإذا قمنا بتقسيم هذه التآليف على المجالات المعرفيّة التي كتبت فيها وجدنا ما يلي:
المجال المعرفي(2) إباضي غير إباضي مجهول
المؤلّف
Total
23 04 12 Interpretation of the Koran 07
18 07 09 Quran Sciences 02
28 06 10 الحديث وعلومه 12
112 22 78 علوم اللغة العربيّة 12
98 02 14 العقيدة وأصول الدين 82
19 01 08 Jurisprudence 10
290 11 31 Jurisprudence 248
Philosophy, logic, ethics,
And the boundaries of science, and literature search
And the corresponding
33 08 18 07
73 27 13 History and Geography 33
15 02 13 Mathematical Sciences 00
07 03 04 Natural Sciences 00
71 30 20 21 ( General Arts( 2
787 123 230 Total 434
The Library of Sheikh Haj Saleh bin Omar Ali variety, there are scripts in various fields of knowledge to varying degrees, but the science of religion are the first prize by %60.48 ، ثمّ تأتي بعدها علومُ اللغة العربيّة 14.23 %، فالتاريخُ والجغرافيا 09.27 %; Which shows a clear indication of the depth of religious civilization gutter Valley area, it is a civilization derives its authenticity from the teachings of Islam, and guided a gift in various spheres of life.
ثمّ إنّ نسبةَ مخطوطات المذهب الإباضيّ بالنسبة إلى التآليف الدينيّة في المكتبة هي %75.84 ، بينما نسبتها إلى سائر مخطوطات المكتبة هي 45.87 %, A high proportion explain the area of ​​privacy and Valley gutter civilization, which is clearly reflected in the many manifestations:
In their social systems, and in its development, and in the division of rainwater system in fetuses, and other than making uniqueness and excellence.
If we move to manuscript Ibadhi the found interest in a position in the authoring by jurisprudence %57.14 Of the total manuscripts library Ibaadis, then faith and the origins of religion by %18.89 , Followed by history 07.60 %، بينما نسب المجالات المعرفيّة الأخرى ضعيفة:
،% فنون عامّة 04.83 %، والحديث وعلومه 02.76 %، وعلوم اللغة العربيّة 02.76 والتفسير 01.61 %، والفلسفة والمنطق 01.61 % وعلوم القرآن 00.46 %، والعلوم الرياضيّة 00.00 %، والعلوم الطبيعيّة 00.00 %; Suggesting post slim إباضية in these areas, as were يكتفون the achievements of scientists Arabs and Muslims, which is
يشير بوضوح إلى الطابع العمليّ الذي يميّز حضارة وادي ميزاب، فنجد المؤلفين الإباضيّين يوجّهون اهتمامهم في التأليف إلى ما يخصّهم بشكل مباشر، وما لا يستطيع أن يؤلّف فيه سواهم؛ ومنه تفسير غلبة الكتب الفقهيّة على إنتاجهم؛ لأنّ الفقه يتابع نبض الحياة في تطوّرها، ويتابع مستجدّاتها، ويبيّن موقف الإسلام منها في كلّ عصر وأوان، وهو يمثّل مجالا للاختلاف بين المذاهب الإسلاميّة وعلمائها؛ أمّا بالنسبة للمجالات المعرفيّة الأخرى فهي عامّة، اكتفى فيها العلماء الإباضيّون بتآليفَ مرجعيّةٍ قليلةٍ، مع الاستفادة ممّا كتبه العلماء العرب والمسلمون فيها.
This practicality interpret the nature of life harsh natural in the valley gutter, and becoming the historic doctrine of Ibadi, making their lives against the lives of the struggle for survival, the survival of the idea, the survival of the doctrine, they departed directly to bring them this end, it is taking notice - mostly- To what usually frequented by the humanitarian community in the stages of complacency and prosperity.
Moreover, this struggle for survival imposed on them organized an arbitrator and a strict social life in various Menahiha, we find a clear picture of him in the social system and the urban is not reflected in the village of one of the villages in the valley gutter, but organized villages seven in a manner unique in the world.
If we divide these books manuscript areas of concentration doctrine Ibadhi as authors, between the gutter, Oman, and the Levant with the exception of Oman, and Morocco, with the exception of gutter; Then we divided these books over the centuries Hijra fourteen, as the period of time in which he lived Author - تحصلنا on the table :
الجدول 3
مجهول مجموع
62 ميزابيّ 01 30 17 08 00 06 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
261 مغربيّ 15 01 01 12 22 38 05 54 16 37 59 00 01 00 00
مشرقيّ
30 09 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 15 04 02
49 عمانيّ 00 00 06 00 05 03 00 01 00 18 03 12 01 00 00
+ إباضي 25 31 24 20 27 47 05 55 16 55 62 12 17 04 02
32
434
غ.إباضيّ
230 46 00 04 10 12 21 54 39 14 04 10 03 03 06 04
Unknown
123 123
مجموع
787 226 31 28 30 39 68 59 94 30 59 72 15 20 10 06
نلاحظ بداية ما يلي:
% نسبة مخطوطات المؤلّفين الميزابيّين 14.28
نسبة مخطوطات المؤلّفين المغاربة من وارجلان وجبل نفوسة وجربة وغيرها %60.13
% Proportion of authors' manuscripts Omanis 11.29
% Proportion of authors' manuscripts Masharqa 06.91
The proportion of manuscripts, including the Moroccan valley gutter to manuscripts Ibaadis generally in the library is 74.42 %، بينما نسبة المخطوط المشرقيّ بما في ذلك عمان هي %18.20 . وتفسير ذلك واضح بالنسبة لمكتبة موجودة بالمغرب الإسلاميّ، وفي وادي ميزاب.
وإذا قمنا بنفس العمليّة مع المؤلّفين حصلنا على الجدول الآتي:
الجدول 4
مجهول مجموع
13 ميزابيّ 01 03 04 03 00 02 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
53 مغربيّ 14 01 01 02 03 05 02 06 03 08 07 00 01 00 00
مشرقيّ
17 09 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 04 03 01
20 عمانيّ 00 00 03 00 03 01 00 01 00 03 02 06 01 00 00
+ إباضي 24 04 08 05 06 08 02 07 03 11 09 06 06 03 01
32
135
N. إباضي
136 44 00 04 06 08 13 20 13 08 04 07 02 02 03 02
Unknown
123 123
مجموع
394 223 04 12 11 14 21 22 20 11 15 16 08 08 06 03
% Percentage authors الإباضيين the: 34.26
% Percentage authors الإباضيين the: 34.51
% Proportion of anonymous authors: 31.21
The first thing that draws attention in these tables is that the library contains books إباضية, the beginning of the first century AH to the fourteenth century AH, and this shows nobility of thought Ibadi, connection to search through the centuries, and the contribution of environments numerous scientific it bright and Maghreb, which ensures .
Moreover, this is in the gutter library containing books to scientists from Amman, and Jabal Nafusa, and Djerba, and Argelan the …Etc., which shows no break gutter scientifically for the existence of areas Ibadi bright and Maghreb, which contributes to the richness of her thought and civilization, and renewal scientifically and culturally.
Moreover, these tables offer a picture, even if partial path authoring when Ibadi, which is characterized by continuity and permanence, in spite of the historical circumstances Tough Ibadi in different environments, on the grounds that what we find in the library are books that were accepted and boom, and moved from age to age.
Thus, the balance of the library testifies to the fifth and sixth centuries AD بمؤلفات مشرقية and Moroccan had a significant impact in authoring Ibadhi path, as find luck library of these manuscripts is by centuries 26.95 % For manuscript Ibadi, a private writings twenty authors, suggesting multiple parts, or multiple copies, or both.
The area of ​​the valley gutter فيشهد her library authored balance due to the tenth century, then the second century, and the third century, and xiv Alahjrien; suggesting that these last Hijri centuries flowering stage and was an intellectual and scientific radiation in the region.
وإذا انتقلنا بعد كلّ هذا إلى النسّاخ، وتاريخ النسخ، ومكان النسخ، وجدنا ما يلي:
المخطوطات التي ذكر فيها مكان نسخها 54 مخطوطا، وتتوزّع كالآتي:
منطقة وادي ميزاب: 10 Manuscripts.
Djerba: 11 مخطوطا.
وكالة الجاموس وجامع الأزهر: 09 Manuscripts.
And Argelan: 07 Manuscripts.
Zanzibar: 06 Manuscripts.
الجزائر عدا ميزاب ووارجلان: 03 Manuscripts.
العالم الإسلاميّ عدا مناطق الإباضيّة: 08 Manuscripts.
Total: 54 مخطوطا.
إنّ عدد المخطوطات التي ذُكر فيها مكان نسخها قليل ( 54 مخطوطا)، ونسبته إلى مخطوطات المكتبة ضئيل، وهو 06.86 %; However, it proves scientific communication between the regions and the presence of Ibadi and bright Maghreb, including Zanzibar.
Number of manuscripts which he stated the name of ناسخها, discovered from the comparison between the lines:
464 Manuscripts, and remains unless the copier for one reason or another: 323 مخطوطا.
Number of scribes manuscripts mentioned ناسخها is 184 Copiers.
There is only one manuscript of the eighth century, the oldest manuscript in the library, which is: “A brief explanation'm eyebrow”, Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Abd al-Salam ibn Yusuf ibn many Hawari USM T. 749 E, copied Mohammed bin Mohammed bin Mohammed bin Ahmed bin Harinh, on 18 Dhul 774 E.
If we distribute manuscripts Male ناسخها at areas that belong to each burner, and on the Hijri century that you copied it, we get the following table:
Schedule 5
9E 10 E 11 E 12 E 13 E 14 E Unknown
Total
Neither Manu Manu Manu, right, right, right, right Manu is Manu Manu Manu is Manu Right
Valley gutter
215 45 03 03 52 07 76 18 51 09 17 04 14 03 02 01
16 And Argelan 04 00 00 00 00 01 01 01 01 00 00 14 02 00 00
30 Djerba 13 00 00 01 01 02 02 16 08 00 00 09 01 02 01
Nafusa Mountains
49 18 01 01 02 02 04 03 29 07 11 04 02 01 00 00
إباضية Morocco
11 07 00 00 00 00 10 06 01 01 00 00 00 00 00 00
39 Oman 22 02 02 20 09 12 07 03 02 02 02 00 00 00 00
إباضية 10 28 30 10 39 07 04 02
1
10 37
5
360 109 06 06 75 19
إباضية
103 74 05 05 02 02 25 16 38 28 14 12 15 08 03 03
Total 13 56 44 22 54 15 07 05
9
13 53
0
463 183 11 11 77 21
% The proportion of manuscripts copied إباضيون the 77.58
% The proportion of manuscripts copied is Abadian 22.41
% Scribes الإباضيين the ratio: 59.23
% Percentage scribes الإباضيين the: 40.76
They ratios indicate what we hinted previously open thought Ibadhi on Islamic culture different مشاربها and Menahiha. كما تدلّ من جانب آخر على اهتمام الميزابيّين بنسخ الكتب، فكان منهم نسّاخ محترفون، إذ نجد في المكتبة 45 ناسخا ميزابيّا، أي ما يعادل نسبة 24.45 % من عدد النسّاخ في المكتبة -نسخوا 215 مخطوطا، أي ما يعادل
نسبة 46.33 % من المخطوطات التي عرف ناسخها.
ورصيد المكتبة يشهد بامتداد حركة النسخ للمخطوطات بوادي ميزاب من القرن التاسع الهجريّ إلى القرن الرابع عشر هجريّ من غير انقطاع فيها.
Moreover, this table shows along this library in time, do not we find the only manuscript of one skips the ninth century AH to the eighth century Hijri, not deviate libraries and valley gutter this limit only rarely, which clearly shows the age of the libraries, and the need for conservation and maintenance, to prolong .
Conclusion:
What our findings through this research in the heritage of the manuscript of Wadi gutter, through the library of the most important libraries, confirms some of the facts related to civilization and valley gutter, and highlights an aspect of cultural history;, which clearly illustrates the value of this heritage manuscript, and its fundamental value reflected .
This intellectual heritage which represents the face of the prominent figure in the Algerian culture ancient and rich and varied, diverse regions geographically, highlights clearly the need to preserve and maintain, it is a national treasure is priceless; though sons Valley area gutter making - individuals and societies- Considerable efforts in this area, efforts need material support and moral support, and driven forward in the achievement of civilization.
Moreover, this heritage preservation and maintenance in urgent need of rehabilitation published and studied, in order to preserve the Algerian identity, culture and civilization, and entrench the positive aspects in the younger generations, in order to preserve them from wandering in the era of globalization, and perhaps create a “مركز علميّ لدراسة التراث الثقافيّ في منطقة وادي ميزاب” كفيل بتحقيق هذا الهدف الساميّ.
بني يزقن في: 20 January 2003 ملحق بسير *الشماخي.

أ/ مصطفى بن الحاج بكير حمودة


_______________
1 -Seen: قطوف أدبيّة: دراسات نقديّة في التراث العربيّ حول تحقيق التراث، لعبد السلام هارون، مكتبة السنّة،
. 1988 M, p 31 Margin 1 : القاهرة-مصر، ط 1
2 -ترتيب المجالات المعرفيّة في الجدول هو بحسب ما جاء في الفهرس.
3 -المقصود بها ما يلي: الرقائق (Sermons, judgment, mysticism, virtues …Etc.); Term vision, the art of the book industry, endowments
And tables, Secrets of characters.

This article contains Comments (2)

2 Comments “Manuscript in the gutter valley: Its cultural and historical value”

  1. Mohammed says:

    The words of our brothers الاباظية they settled from outsiders you referring to sources الاباظية the mark them Omer bin Isa jurist in his official documents in ăÇíÎŐ Treaty between France and الاباظية said on page 61 This book he said Albazih they are a band of outsiders

  2. Mohammed says:

    In the name of God the Merciful and the linkages Ali Ashraf senders
    When he looked at the sources Abadites found them otherwise with respect to the word outsiders those who say Abadites to Lisu of outsiders and the scientists Abadites which Cdo where that Abadites are a band of outsiders and most prominent brand-Faqih Haji Mohammad Omer bin Isa bin Ibrahim agent nation Alizabeh in his diary and documents 1853 To a year 1951 Renaissance Press Bab Saadoun approach 19 Tunis said in a page 61 This text literally that الاباضيين are a band of outlaws resisting reform sectarian religion upon which the majority of the Muslim world has Gedo in this topic area castle Alhsanaoualemga the secretary's parents to flee their faith and religion. Macolkm in what brand toes said they're outsiders

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