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Koranic lessons in equity

Gave us the Quran lessons upscale eloquent in equity in all its forms and in various fields, sometimes in the form of orders and Noah, and sometimes by describing and fairness of his enemies and the rejecters, and sometimes through the facts of actual application.

It orders and prohibitions in the topic:

Saying the Almighty (O ye who believe Be steadfast witnesses for justice, and martyrs of God, even against yourselves or your parents and relatives) [Women / 135].

The Almighty said (يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا كُونُوا قَوَّامِينَ لِلَّهِ شُهَدَاءَ بِالْقِسْطِ وَلَا يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شَنَآَنُ قَوْمٍ عَلَى أَلَّا تَعْدِلُوا اعْدِلُوا هُوَ أَقْرَبُ لِلتَّقْوَى وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ) [Tableware / 8].

It included the verses straight and commitment to fairness, and forbidding left Tnkph, and so in the most self-citizen and أدعاها to tilt and bias, which is generally in cases of love and hatred.

In the first verse: Is utmost What can a straight equity, albeit against yourself or against your parents, or the people closest to you. With such a verse came: (And If you said فاعدلوا even was of kin) [Cattle / 152].

In the second verse: Something similar with justice, but it is uncertain forbidden for antibody. And replace commands and prohibitions here, are the cases of hostility and hatred. As the bias may not be for the benefit of self and with kinship and affection, so may not be prejudice against people with hostility and enmity and hatred.

It is fairness to his enemies and opponents, fairness in many verses of the People of the Book, Jews and Christians, to remind them:
His saying the right of the children of Israel (وَمِنْ قَوْمِ مُوسَى أُمَّةٌ يَهْدُونَ بِالْحَقِّ وَبِهِ يَعْدِلُونَ) [Norms / 159] , History Alcill the Black children of Israel, and they are most hostile to Islam and Muslims, not يمنعا of redress and praise, including the best of them.

And saying all Christians (وَلَتَجِدَنَّ أَقْرَبَهُمْ مَوَدَّةً لِلَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا الَّذِينَ قَالُوا إِنَّا نَصَارَى ذَلِكَ بِأَنَّ مِنْهُمْ قِسِّيسِينَ وَرُهْبَانًا وَأَنَّهُمْ لَا يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ وَإِذَا سَمِعُوا مَا أُنْزِلَ إلى الرَّسُولِ تَرَى أَعْيُنَهُمْ تَفِيضُ مِنَ الدَّمْعِ مِمَّا عَرَفُوا مِنَ الْحَقِّ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا آَمَنَّا فَاكْتُبْنَا مَعَ الشَّاهِدِينَ وَمَا لَنَا لَا نُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَمَا جَاءَنَا مِنَ الْحَقِّ وَنَطْمَعُ أَنْ يُدْخِلَنَا رَبُّنَا مَعَ الْقَوْمِ الصَّالِحِينَ فَأَثَابَهُمُ اللَّهُ بِمَا قَالُوا جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا وَذَلِكَ جَزَاءُ الْمُحْسِنِينَ) [Table / 83-86].

It rules equity المؤصلة in the Koran, what came Anas, the Prophet peace be upon him «None of you believes until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself» . In Saheeh Muslim and others: Until he loves for his neighbor…

In true son Hibbaan,: «Does not reach Abdul truth of faith, even loves the people what he loves for himself of good»

Break this talk in the Koran, as shown in Ben Achour said: “Was repeated in the Qur'an Dressage to measure one's right of others to the same right. He says in warning of the Gallery eat orphan: (وَلْيَخْشَ الَّذِينَ لَوْ تَرَكُوا مِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ ذُرِّيَّةً ضِعَافًا خَافُوا عَلَيْهِمْ…) [Women / 9], Said: (O ye who believe, if ye are in the way of Allah, ascertain do not say peace to those who gave to you I'm not a believer Tbngon life When God many gains as well as you were before, it is of God be upon you ascertain that God was an expert what you do) [Women / 94] “[1 ].

The implication common in modern In verses two years, is that he wanted to do justice to others in the case, and in the transaction, Fletkhz the same standard, any to put himself in their place and their condition, and to consider how to love to be treated is, if it was in their place, .

There is no doubt that the actual commitment to this principle is not easy on the soul, and therefore the need to “Taming”, In the words of Ben Achour.

The facts of Applied of Quranic fairness, I remember these two models:

The first model of the story of the Queen of Sheba with Solomon, peace be upon him. The Quran noted this woman in the advice and wisdom of her mind and good management, which is on شركها before receiving, in verse (قَالَتْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْمَلَأُ إِنِّي أُلْقِيَ إِلَيَّ كِتَابٌ كَرِيمٌ إِنَّهُ مِنْ سُلَيْمَانَ وَإِنَّهُ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ أَلَّا تَعْلُوا عَلَيَّ وَأْتُونِي مُسْلِمِينَ قَالَتْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْمَلَأُ أَفْتُونِي فِي أَمْرِي مَا كُنْتُ قَاطِعَةً أَمْرًا حَتَّى تَشْهَدُونِ قَالُوا نَحْنُ أُولُو قُوَّةٍ وَأُولُو بَأْسٍ شَدِيدٍ وَالْأَمْرُ إِلَيْكِ فَانْظُرِي مَاذَا تَأْمُرِينَ قَالَتْ إِنَّ الْمُلُوكَ إِذَا دَخَلُوا قَرْيَةً أَفْسَدُوهَا وَجَعَلُوا أَعِزَّةَ أَهْلِهَا أَذِلَّةً وَكَذَلِكَ يَفْعَلُونَ…) [Ant / 29-35] .

Said Mark Qurtubi in his commentary on these verses: “I took the good with the folk literature, and consulted in a hurry, and أعلمتهم that this steady then every order displays, saying: (What you categorically is even testify)So how in this great calamity. Fradjaha publicly including appointed acknowledges, informed of them by force and bass, then handed it to the consideration of”. Qurtubi said: “It is a good dialogue with everyone”. [2 ]

The Quran also approved as saying when she said: (The Kings entered the village أفسدوها and made the noblest of its people submissive á Following the Almighty in favor of her words by saying: (As well as they do)[ Surat ants, 34 ] Ibn Abbas said: Is one of the words of God Almighty, an identifier of Muhammad, peace be upon him and his nation so informer.

Brand said Mohamed Lamine Shanqeeti: “Do not you see that the Queen of Sheba, in the event of being the worship of the sun, without God, is her people, what she really talk, sincerity of God in him, and did not Kfarha an obstacle to ratification on the right, which she said, saying it was stated God bless her: )The Kings entered the village أفسدوها and made the noblest of its people submissive(. The Almighty said, confirming her as saying: (As well as they do)[ 3 ].

النموذج الثاني من الإنصاف القرآني، يتمثل في واقعة شهيرة وقعت بالمدينة أيام رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم. And summarized: Navarra of Ansar – Qatada ibn al-Nu'man and uncle Refaah - invaded with the Messenger of Allah – God bless him and – In some of his conquests. فسُرقت در God bless him ands ="tr_" id="tr_59" data-token="2LHZgdin2LnYqQ,," data-source="">رفاعة (رفاعة). Vhamt suspicion about a man from the Ansar of the household is said to them: Sons Iberg. He came Allah and His Messenger Shield – God bless him and – Said: The Tohme Ben Iberg stole Deri.

(In the novel: It Bechir Ben Iberg. In this novel: Harbinger of this was a hypocrite says hair condemn companions and attributes to some Arabs!). When the thief saw that the charge had whistled him, baptized to shield فألقاها in the house of a Jewish man (Named Zaid, the son of chubby).

He told a group of his clan: I disappeared the shield, and threw in the house flan. And there will be with him. They went to the Messenger of Allah – God bless him and – They said,: O Prophet of Allah: Our friend is innocent, but who stole the shield flan. We have taken this note.

Vaadhir our friend on people's heads, and argued with him, it is that your God يعصمه not perish… And what is known of the Messenger of Allah – God bless him and – The shield is actually found in the house of the Jewish, the son of Iberg and was healed excuse on people's heads.

And his family had said to the Prophet – God bless him and – Before the advent of the shield in the Jewish House – The Qatada ibn al-Nu'man deliberately and uncle to the household of us, the people of Islam and Salah, يرمونهم of theft is no proven evidence! Qatada said: I came Messenger of Allah – God bless him and – His Word. Said: «Proceeded to the household of mentions of them and Salah al-Islam, and throw them of theft is proven not aware?» Said: I brought, وددت again I came out of some of Mali did not speak to the Messenger of Allah – God bless him and – The. Vattani Refaah uncle said: O son of my brother what I did? – God bless him and – Said: God used…[4]

Then the revealed verses of equity and القسطاس rectum, the verses that acquitted the Jew who hyped him the charge false, and exposed treason, forgery, and their parents are Muslims, and went blame and alarm to the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him, in order to warn المبطلين not located in Ahabilhm, Vidaf them and Abrihm terms of Aznhm wronged.

Then went verses Balinkar the the extreme of caught in the false injustice and against the Jewish…God said: (إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ لِتَحْكُمَ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ بِمَا أَرَاكَ اللَّهُ وَلَا تَكُنْ لِلْخَائِنِينَ خَصِيمًا وَاسْتَغْفِرِ اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا وَلَا تُجَادِلْ عَنِ الَّذِينَ يَخْتَانُونَ أَنْفُسَهُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ مَنْ كَانَ خَوَّانًا أَثِيمًا يَسْتَخْفُونَ مِنَ النَّاسِ وَلَا يَسْتَخْفُونَ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَهُوَ مَعَهُمْ إِذْ يُبَيِّتُونَ مَا لَا يَرْضَى مِنَ الْقَوْلِ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ مُحِيطًا هَا أَنْتُمْ هَؤُلَاءِ جَادَلْتُمْ عَنْهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا فَمَنْ يُجَادِلُ اللَّهَ عَنْهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَمْ مَنْ يَكُونُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَكِيلًا وَمَنْ يَعْمَلْ سُوءًا أو يَظْلِمْ نَفْسَهُ ثُمَّ يَسْتَغْفِرِ اللَّهَ يَجِدِ اللَّهَ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا وَمَنْ يَكْسِبْ إِثْمًا فَإِنَّمَا يَكْسِبُهُ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا وَمَنْ يَكْسِبْ خَطِيئَةً أو إِثْمًا ثُمَّ يَرْمِ بِهِ بَرِيئًا فَقَدِ احْتَمَلَ بُهْتَانًا وَإِثْمًا مُبِينًا وَلَوْلَا فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكَ وَرَحْمَتُهُ لَهَمَّتْ طَائِفَةٌ مِنْهُمْ أَنْ يُضِلُّوكَ وَمَا يُضِلُّونَ إِلَّا أَنْفُسَهُمْ وَمَا يَضُرُّونَكَ مِنْ شَيْءٍ وَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَعَلَّمَكَ مَا لَمْ تَكُنْ تَعْلَمُ وَكَانَ فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكَ عَظِيمًا)[ Nisa : 105 ـ 113 ].

Martyr Sayyid Qutb says God's mercy in this incident would: “… It is at a time when Jews in the city they call all the poisoned arrows, they contain جعبتهم the اللئيمة, Islam and Muslims; which she recalled this Sura, Sura Al Imran, them aside and do it in the Muslim row..

At the time in which they are spreading lies; and Aalpon idolaters; and encourage the hypocrites, and paint them the way; and firing rumors; and mislead minds; and challenging in the leadership of the Prophet, and are skeptical about the revelation and message; and trying Tvsikh the Muslim community from the inside, at which time Aalpon upon his opponents to Ahajmoh from abroad . Islam stems in the city, and deposits of ignorance still have implications in souls; وشائج the kinship and interest among some Muslims and infidels and the hypocrites and the Jews themselves, represent a real threat to the cohesion of the row Muslim and تناسقه,.

At this critical time, the risk of severe risk.. كانت هذه الآيات كلها تتنزل، على رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- And the Muslim community, to do justice to a Jewish man, unjustly accused of stealing; and condemns those who conspired against the accused, who are from the Ansar House in the city. والأنصار يومئذ هم عدة الرسول -صلى الله عليه وسلم- And his…”[5 ].

Author / d. Ahmad Chris

1- The assets of the social system in Islam, the house of valuables Jordan i 1 1421/2001.
2- Inclusive of the Koran, Arab Heritage Revival House, Beirut, 13/194.
3- Lights statement, the interpretation of the Holy Qur'an, the world of books edition in Beirut DT 1 /5 .
4 -See Tabari 9 /182 184 achieve Ahmed Shaker Foundation message 1420/2000

5- In the shadows of the Qur'an 2 / 231 (When interpreting the verses mentioned)Library comprehensive Second Edition

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