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Qutb Imam Mohammed bin Yousef Tfayyesh

Qutb imams

Mohammed bin Yousef Tfayyesh

1- Introduction:

The Islamic nation, still looking for Date flags bone representing stubborn resistance against the currents of revisionism exotic in Islamic history, ancient and modern, so I saw of religious duty, moral and national to highlight the life of a flags of Islamic thought authentic, Sheikh Mohammed bin Yousef Tfayyesh which he said : (The late Sheikh Tfayyesh Endowed who less than their counterparts throughout history It combines the capacity of science, the accuracy of the sincerity of judgment, God has lived long in the service of science and living conciliation and Helah piety and humility, integrity has told us مشائخنا who تتلمذوا him a lot about integrity and ورعه and his duty to the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice and grandfather in the service of science.

2- Sheikh Tfayyesh: Birth rate:

Is the trademark Sheikh Haj Mohammed bin Yousef bin Isa relation relative to the caliph Omar ibn al-Khattab may Allah be pleased with him- The famous surname is- Pole- A master of folk and their which star never depart place, intended بالكنية the making note of the person is the name and surname, such as Abu al-Khair.

Says Sheikh Abu اليقظان-which is one of the disciples following pole: (Including Sheikh Haj Mohammed Ben Youssef Tfayyesh famous pole imams when Moroccans, and pole Morocco when Masharqa is worthy of this great title right, the Mashreq and Maghreb scientists كالكواكب spin on this pole in the wide orbit relates to the percentage of our master Omar bin Khattab may Allah be pleased with him- He is of the sons Uday.

The birth was in the city- Bani يزقن- Near Ghardaia- Southern Algeria- In the year 1236, corresponding to the year 1820- As for his father, Sheikh Haj Yousif God's mercy, is one of the leading figures in the gutter valley, has died and the son did not exceed five years.

As for the mother of Sheikh Tfayyesh it- Mama City girl Haj Saeed Bin عدون- Al Weider family- This is a precious mother of the few mothers who Bzln strenuous efforts in order to correct the dissemination of science.

Algerian historian says- Muhammad Ali Dboz -: (It was to the mother of the pole greatest impact when Borattha the fair which was the reason for the direction to the flag pole after the death of his father, otherwise to Turn a trend materially leads Npuge as claimed the article and ignorance Npog, many of the orphans, and the children of mothers foolish).

When reached Muhammad ibn Yusuf Tfayyesh fifth entered his mother stones in the mosque to book the Quran, Vsta star in front of his peers and did not pass three years until the entire Quran is well preserved by rote, which has not reached a nine-year-old.

As for the teachers to understand Sheikh Omar Bin Sulaiman and Sheikh Haji Sulaiman bin Yahya and his brother Sheikh Ibrahim bin Yousef bin Issa, who had been instrumental in educating his brother's personal.

We can infer so as written by Professor Karim Sheikh Abu اليقظان-God's mercy, he said: (As he returned his brother Sheikh Haj Ibrahim of the Levant from Oman and Egypt, which is filled with the broadest perceptions, as over his statement, as embraced educated and educated, and found him by sea زاخرا, tormented tells yields of science and knowledge, he took his luck than in other sciences, then devoted himself to teaching and writing, .

In light of this, the brother-Haj Ibrahim, was the fact that the pure desire to know with proper guidance, where he studied it forensic science Kalaqidh and jurisprudence, Quran science and logic and history.

Moreover, his brother Karim has given him all the books that came out of the Levant, Vdersha scientific study was pole God's mercy عصاميا in learning without a teacher even managed to which all able, Vvgah مسائلها and realized its secrets as evidenced by his genius grammar, so that could be regulated (5000) House at the age of no more than sixteen(16) Year says God's mercy:

مغنـــي اللبيب جنـــــــة أبوابهـــــــــــا ثمــــــــانية

ألا تراهـــــا وهــــي لا تسمـــع فيهـــــا لاغيـــــة

And when he reached the age of twenty years has become stigmatized referred to in his knowledge, character and dedication and has become of great scholars in the gutter valley and Algeria and the Islamic world.

Hence the open house for teaching and writing and then emptied every effort to reform the behavior of society to fight social ills tirelessly at every moment, as long as his first goal is to serve Islam in word and deed, Islam in his view is the approach to human life that you find it normal innate, God Almighty says:

(Thy face to a religion upright فطرت not God that mankind

لاَ تَبْدِيلَ لِخَلْقِ اللهِ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لاَ يَعْلمُونَ) – Surat Roman: 30-.

3- Pole morals and educational and social struggle:

The Islamic Dawa called by Sheikh Tfayyesh back to the strong belief and piety, because the virtue of piety is the origin of morals because it stems from the purity of the heart that do not Araúa people, not fade away his control sincere in front of the barriers that receives, said the Holy Prophet peace be upon him milk Abbas, may : (God Save protect you, God Save you find in front of you)- Narrated by Ahmad, Tirmidhi, God Almighty says:

( O ye who believe, fear Allah as He should be feared and die unless you are Muslims) – Sura:102-

God's mercy pole was afraid his Lord and hope for everything in saying his work, and his call for reform by raising the banner, and so we find his father اليقظان student describes us the moral merits saying: (The severe toll on evildoers and sinners, is Virtue, Nahia evil, do not take in God to anybody as long شفوقا the poor and needy, cream self, generous hand, loving the الملهوف, thinking thought humanly in the wider horizons, very interested in the conditions of the Islamic world rejoice for joy, ).

This is the Islamic ethics that pocket to prevail among Muslims, all day, instead of strife and disharmony and wars in order to achieve the objectives of worldly- Both he and secure the right Shahaadatayn not god but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah- He is your brother in Islam, you are obliged to Ngoh many rights first advice in God says God Almighty:

(وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتُ بَعْضُهَمْ أَوْلِيَآءُ بَعْضٍ يَأمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ) - Repentance:71-

We should now refer to other aspects of personal pole of correct scientific knowledge, so that he realized the deep dimension of science right as long as it seeks to happiness in this world and the Hereafter, says God's mercy- Devotion to science is Imad al-Din, a stop what requires fire.

So science is right with him must be based on piety and sincerity of intention to God Almighty to serve the Holy Quran and Sunnah instruction and تأليفا and behavior, and this would only be for those committed to ethical values ​​of Islamic and fought against ignorance, whatever its nature, this does not happen only to those who acquired the mothers of religious books, scientific and logical.

In light of this, the Shaykh Tfayyesh may be able to have a very great library, in spite of physical barriers, natural and human resources that stands in front of him at the time.

Says Prof. Muhammad Ali Dboz: (The library contains thousands of precious books, have been able to Jeddah and determination and a fine steel and passion for science that possess the precious books in the depths of the desert in times of tribulation and the difficulty of transportation, and lack of printing presses owned unless most undergraduates scientists today).

The possession of this great library of Sheikh Tfayyesh God's mercy Leahy great guide to his passion for science and service, because this science is correct at least self-Jihad, Consider this Hadith: (From Abu Obeida Jabir bin Zaid said: Drawing ink in the guise of one if you write a note of such as blood for the sake of God, and still receive pay what leprosy ink on his clothes) - Whole correct datum Rabee 'ibn Habib -.

Based on this conversation say: The pole God's mercy may fennel helped him, every grandfather's grandfather in the educational building where he was able to create an Islamic Institute in Beni يزقن City target so to reform society and upbringing Islamic education based on the morals of the Qur'an and Sunnah, and the biography of the prophet, God bless them.

It is noteworthy that God's mercy Pole had someone that Islamic ethics in the conduct and behavior of students who have lived Islam doctrine and worship, manners, and mocked both intellectual and physical energies to uphold the building of Islam.

Thus, there are several students have graduated from the Institute of Sheikh Meshaal Tfayyesh they carried away the modern renaissance in the Islamic world, and therefore we can point to some of these illustrious only, and among those:

*(1) Sheikh Babiker Ben Haj Massoud, who took over senate of the Ghardaia فأسس the city of modern scientific School.

*(2) Sheikh fierceness ibn Ahmad Bapau Moosa held chiefdom Ghardaia Day 12 Muharram 1332 AH- After the death of Sheikha pole dubbed the Mufti of the valley gutter -.

*(3) Saleh bin Omar, one of the leading scientists who influenced the scientific renaissance after the death of the pole through the old books, especially the book proofs القاصفة the to fakes followers philosophers and message detection revealed.

*(4) Saleh bin Yahya Haj Suleiman, where he participated in the scientific and political activity in Tunisia, and is considered one of the first who founded the Tunisian Constitution Party.

*(5) Abu Ishaq Ibrahim bin Mohammed Tfayyesh, have participated in the national movement in Algeria and Tunisia with his brother Sheikh Abdul Aziz Thaalbi, has achieved great books in Ibadhi heritage and other Islamic sects.

*(6) Sheikh Sulaiman Pasha Barouni, which is a the Libyans who أذاقوا leaders Italian colonialism defeats after defeats for eight years.

*(7) Ibrahim bin Isa bin Daoud Abu اليقظان, is dean and father of the Algerian press as issued eight Arab-Islamic newspapers Garat French colonialism.

This is a glimpse of God's mercy pole pupils, and we can now move on to the other interface a social struggle based on the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice pole that God's mercy may approach righteous approach employed in the Islamic jihad.

However, access to this road reform is not easy, due to his opponents who حاربوه, and Daigoh in jihad, يستفزونه in repair, day and night, He felt that the circle bad seek with all their forces to تحطمه and sterilized renaissance reform in its infancy, as between that in a letter sent to the :”فسلام world Sheikh Abdullah bin Humaid and Sheikh in understanding Isa bin Saleh Al-Harthy from his book M'hamed Haj Yousif , Excuse me, my brother, in a delayed answer some delays and only to the horrors of the bones of the Christians and the people of my country “

Because human societies do not and will not devoid of conflict between the men of virtue and vice and men between the people of truth and the people of falsehood , Consider the words of God Almighty :

( وَمَا نُرْسِلُ الْمُرْسَلِينَ إِلاَّ مُبَشِّرِيَن وَمُنذِرِينَ وَيُجَادِلُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ بِالْبَاطِلِ لِيُدْحِضُواْ بِهِ الْحَقَّ وَاتَّخَذُواْ ءَايَاتِي وَمَآ أُنذِرُواْ هُزُواً) – Cave:56-

In this track the historical, the Sheikh Tfayyesh God's mercy has fought the fight of social bitter several years indicating the Islamic approach is correct, rejecting aspects of intellectual stagnation and fanaticism calling for beneficial knowledge and cleanse the souls of the Islamic abomination ignorance, and sectarian conflict that fueled colonialism, colonialism in his view is only .

4- Pole and Harepetth the French colonization:

The Sheikh Tfayyesh God's mercy represents Islamic Front solid opposition of France, and was calling for jihad and not to deal with it financially, militarily and even commercially, so the French general دولاتور may prison in November 1882 when he arrived in the valley gutter by order of the governor Algerian public to convince Aezzabh the futility and the effectiveness of their resistance .

It was God's mercy is proud of Islam, whatever pride, believes that Islam rises and second to none as evidenced by the fact that the French delegation visited him in the house where he taught them, and was part of the delegation's military commander General French in Algeria and a group of governors, the French and the priests, and when they entered it and found him : Why is this the actual disposition of this behavior, said his pole: Islam prevail, not second to none.

This behavior may seem to some people that he acted naive not betrays a policy conscious, but we say to them that he acted intelligent, betrays the pride of Islam and the honor that should not be humiliated in front of the Christian Crusades because Islam is the highest and most powerful, has the idea defended it in his writings .

5- Pole and its intellectual:

Dear Reader: I'm sure you've realized the personal aspects of the brand Sheikh Tfayyesh but this perception remains incomplete as long as it did not point to his books authored by between a small book containing forty-page book more than seven hundred(700) Page In any case, the Sheikh Abu اليقظان says in the following pole heritage: (Some have been counting his books and found more than three hundred (300) Author between small and large and medium, and there is nothing wrong to mention the arts that he wrote you this heritage:

Morality- Assets- Rhetoric- Interpretation- Intonation- History- Talk- Account- Drawing- Sir- Medicine- Exchange- As- Offers- Jurisprudence- Agriculture- Inheritance- Philosophy- Language- Hadeeth- Logic- Preaching- Different messages in religious themes, social and political.

The famous pole based primarily on that Faqih, hard-working and this jurisprudence has emerged to explain the board Nile mark Abdul Aziz Thamini, and in any event, the authors explain the Nile and healing the sick longer encyclopedia doctrinal, Valqtab God's mercy has addressed where all issues jurisprudential perspective Islamic based on .

Then the pole does not take jurisprudential views only after criticism and even screened governs her or them, even if this view of gilded Ibadhi, says Mr. Baccouche Yahya bin Muhammad, who is a Men's jurisprudence and the judiciary in Algeria in the right Cheickna pole the following: (The pole by many مطالعته, if subsequently found in the same issue an opinion to the Imam of or witness to support his position in the book, it does not hesitate to direct Praise be to God Almighty, if Question in doctrine.

As for his approach in explaining the book Nile, it provides the original text of the book, explains the words mysterious and يرعبها in some cases and removes her thumb, and then offer forensic evidence and transport, and assesses the issue through the Holy Quran and the Sunnah, and opinions Islamic sects- And finally shows his mind without hesitation he says that I have the right or is.

In this perspective, we say: The book explained Nile major jurisprudential equivalent of mothers, so that gave new impetus to the doctrine of private Ibadhi, General and Islamic jurisprudence in our time, and here was told- Explaining the Nile and healing the sick, is a major doctrinal Encyclopedia, stands along with other denominational encyclopedias.

The book is a reference that moving to the attention of scientists and researchers from all countries who are interested to take a look at the point of Ibadi- It is worth mentioning that God's mercy to the Pole visited the Hijaz for pilgrimage Year 1303 AH -1886 AD met in Medina Mufti Shafi submitted to take lessons campus in recognition of the scientific status.

It was the pole correspondence with the Sultan of Zanzibar Burgos, who was paying him an annual grant, and participates in the movement of the Renaissance printed literature Ibadi, was his correspondence many with flags of Islamic thought, especially the people of Oman as it received in 1298 AH -1881 AD, a copy of the statement Shara Mohammed Bin Ibrahim Al-Kindi Oman .

إن القطب رحمه الله، لم يجد الطريق أمامه مفروشا بالورود والأزهار بل وجده مفروشا بالأشواك والأحجار، وبعد جهاد مستميت رأى بعينه أن الشجرة الإسلامية التي غرسها أصبحت تؤتي أكلها الطيب إذ رأى أن طلابه قوة فعالة في النهضة الإسلامية الحديثة في عمان ومصر والمغرب العربي، لكن قضاء الله لا مناص منه بحيث اعتلت صحته بالحمى التي جعلته طريح الفراش لمدة ثماني أيام كاملة فوفاه الله في يوم السبت 23ربيه الثاني 1332هـ الموافق لمارس 1914م- Farahmp God and bring him into the Gardens mole.


This article contains Comments (2)

2 Comments “Qutb Imam Mohammed bin Yousef Tfayyesh”

  1. Arrow right says:

    We ask God to walk in the footsteps of the pious righteous

    And Abadites the good guys

    God bless you

  2. Praise be to Allah, we praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness, and we repent to him, and seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evils, from Allah guides not misleading him, and not mislead Hadi, and I bear witness that there is no god but Allah alone with no partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger.
    ان لشيخناالعلامةالشيخ أطفيش رحمه الله قطب الائمةله فضل عظيم جدافي العالم الاسلامي فاللهم اهديناووفقناعلىان نتبع نهج أجدادنا الصالحين ونسلك خطاهم أمين يارب العالمين.

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