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Solomon Baroni Pasha

Historian, writer,, Mujahid sword and the pen.

هو سليمان بن عبد الله بن يحي الباروني باشا من مواليد مدينة (Magic) Nafusa Mountains in 1290/1873 is likely to.

Its origin back to the tribe Barwani of Omani origin (Abu اليقظان, Baroni, c 1, p 9). And grew up Baroni family knew its history since the century الرابع الهجري في مدينة طرابلس بمسيرتها الجهادية و العلمية. في ظل والده عبد الله العالم الأزهري (T.: 1332AH / 1914 AD) Grew up and learn.

And in the year 1305 AH / 1887 AD traveled to the Zitouna mosque in Tunis, where student of the elders of the evacuation, notably Osman al-Makki, and Mohammed Nakhli.

And in the year 1310 AH / 1892 AD traveled to Cairo, where he studied Azhar Mosque for three years.

And in the year 1313 AH / 1895 decamp to the children يزقن of the valley gutter south of Algiers, where he sat to the pole imams Sheikh Tfayyesh who found him care and attention, and it was Sheikh Tfayyesh reference Ibadi in forensic science and language, and has strengthened its relationship with the men of science, . And stayed there until the year 1316 AH / 1897.

It seems that Baroni was influenced Bashikhh Tfayyesh, loving him, a factor بتوجيهاته scientific, political, and had said when Day reached the news of his death in 1332 H / 1914, it did not vibrate to the woes experienced by the cat, and no tears in his eyes, but the death of sheikh, and his father.

Faced severe adversity examinations difficult since the beginning of his youth, he left Tripoli years :1902ملحق بسير *الشماخي

إلى يفرن مركز الجبل الغربي ، وبها أسس مدرسة سنة 1904م سماها المدرسة البارونية ، وتولى الإشراف عليها والده الشيخ عبد الله الباروني ، وكانت مدرسة نظامية تدرس العلوم الشرعية واللغوية ، وأنشأ إلى جوارها المكتبة البارونية التي ضمنت نفائس الكتب والمخطوطات ، وتابع في هذه الفترة تأليف كتاب الأزهار الرياضية ، ولعل الباروني ضاق ذرعا لمضايقات السلطات الحاكمة التي ما فتئت تلاحقه فقر عزمه على السفر خارج البلاد متجها إلى مصر ، وبالقاهرة وجد المجال فسيحا للتأليف والطبع والنشر ، والإلتقاء بالعلماء ، فأسس بها سنة : 1906M called Press : Press flowers Albaronah the taking prints where it deems valid Hadith books, history, literature, and perhaps the most important achievement at this stage is created Islamic newspaper al-Assad that he wanted a resounding voice for Muslims know their positions and calls for unity (Which was issued just three numbers and then stopped for political reasons and material . The first issue was published in April Year : 1908ملحق بسير *الشماخي )

Baroni in the field of Jihad:

We can نجمل the baronial stages of Jihad against the Italians in three phases:

The first phase: Starts from the day Italy's declaration of war on the Ottoman Empire in Tripoli on 26 September, and ends when the last battle of his day 12 March 1913.

Phase II: Starts from mid-1914 and end in early 1916

Third stage: Starts from about October 1916, and end-to-day recognition Italy Tripoli government of the Republic National, and spend statute in 21 April 1919.

And in all these whimsical Solomon had Baroni and fighting positions, and make a scapegoat.

The Italians made an effort, money and lives in their quest for a regional occupation “Tripoli” And “Burqa”What is attained after seven years of war, punish the hit-and-run, only a few cities on the coast, has not been able to give them the security and peace of mind, and not the overwhelming victory they thought at first.

In order to complete the plot chapters, sought Italians to divide opinions Mujahideen through negotiations and war at the same time, was agreed Arabs and Italians on the basis of reconciliation is to give people Trabelsi constitution grants him direct his civil rights and political, and gives him the right to perform his duties majors such civilized peoples . But Mujahid Solomon Baroni who believed in independence or selling out an Islamic state, apologized for entering into this game, although it urgency, and his argument that he Usmani, wanted to keep Bosmanith, and his job in the Ottoman Senate.

And soon he left Tripoli Baroni to Astana in Nfmbr of the 1919, but encountered coming to Kemalists coup led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the enemy Islamic caliphate, Fajapt of the hopes, and the inclusion returned to Tripoli with the beginning of the second year after the broadcast by three months.

Lived Solomon Baroni after his return to Tripoli away from politics and أضوائها, and it is uncertain at the same depths that this security under Italian rule will not continue, because Italy is looking forward to making Tripoli and Cyrenaica colonies belonging to her, and here again rolled intrigues against Baroni, who was accused . The Italian authorities did not soon be asked to leave the country in 1922, and under the conspiracy and the threat left home without that filed his family and his children.

Wind alienation campaign back to Astana, and then to Ankara, and do not settle there primarily because of changing rulers, try to travel to Syria or Egypt or Tunisia or Algeria, but the colonial English and Italian and French on the whole its boxed Solomon Baroni, did not find a stunt .

And after two years he spent in France observers, has been made available for him to travel to perform the Hajj.

And at the request of the baronial visit Omani Bro, brokered by the government with the English authorities to allow him to visit Muscat, Oman. And has welcomed this gesture of both Sultan Timor, and Imam al-Khalili. And arrived in Amman early 1926, and was officially received eventful. This was the gesture worthy of that تنسيه the hassles of alienation, and the pain of exile, and the rigors of travel.

And two were under two Baroni care and reverence shop where a solution of the land of Oman, and has immortalized أدباؤها and poets such occasions Baksaúdhm, and not ignored Baroni to record his thoughts towards this great transformation in his life positively and negatively in his letters that he writes his brothers in Algeria.

And was baronial they call to raise the floor of the Union, and repairing the rift that was floating on the surface in the relations between the Sultan and Imam from time to time, where he was the subject of trust and consultation of the parties.

The most important sources
· Abu اليقظان Ibrahim, baronial Suleiman Pasha at the phases of his life, two parts, the Arab press, Algeria, 1379 AH / 1959 AD

· Abu Qasim Baroni, Suleiman Pasha baronial leader Mujahideen الطرابلسيين, i 2, 1948, (Unknown place Copyright)

· Mohamed Masoud Gibran, Solomon Barouni, its effects, Arab Book Publishers, Libya, 1991

· Heritage Association, Glossary Flags Ibaadis, Morocco section, c 2, p:206-208, Dar Muslim West Beirut, 2000

· D. Mohammed Nasser, Abu اليقظان and the word jihad, u and n v, i 2, Algeria, 1984, (Seen in the indexes baronial articles in the press Dad اليقظان, 1926-1938)

· Secretariat of Information and Culture, Libyan Arab authors guide, Dar books, Tripoli, 1977

· Solomon Baroni, Baroni Bureau, Press floral Albaronah, Egypt, 1908

· Baroni leader, Solomon Baroni (A brief introduction), Dar Beirut, Lebanon

· Baroni leader, Khaleda pages of history Jihad al-Libi, the collection and dissemination of baronial leader, d. T., two parts

By d. Saleh Nasser

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One Response “Solomon Baroni Pasha”

  1. Abu Zahra says:

    أحيي القائمين على الموقع فهو تعريفي شامل جامع يحيي تراثنا المغيب أو الغائب ويبين أصالة الإباضية ومساهماتهم الفكرية والعلمية على الساحةالإسلامية والعالمية ومنهم شخصيات سياسية وعسكرية قامت بالفتوحات ونشر الإسلام وهم بلغوا من التسامح شأنا لكن للأسف الشديد فإن الأمويين والعباسيين ومعهم علماء السلطة من كتاب الفرق والمقالات شوهوا صورتهم وافتروا عليهم وعلى العموم لم يزل أملي أن أرى قناة فضائية تعرف بهم وتعرض منهجهم وفقههم وعقيدتهم فما أحوج العالم اليوم إلى فكر لا يستبيح الدماء ولا يكفر المسلمين ولا يفخخ السيارات لتنفجر فتقتل الأبرياء فلعل هناك من يسعى لقناة فضائية ولعل ذلك يكون قريبا فقد طال الانتظار

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