Edit Translation

Abu Ghanem humans bin Ghanim al-Khorasani

The first requirement: Birth rate:

Sheikh Imam world Hafez al-Faqih Abu Ghanem humans bin Ghanim al-Khorasani, the people of Khorasan([1]) As is apparent from the figure it, we just could not stand them on the date of his birth accurate, and it seems that much of the first note did not care biographies and writing about their lives, because they worked Religion, dissemination and seek the application of science and education, and the establishment of God's law in the land, did not pay attention to identify their particular year of birth.

Submitted to Basra to receive science because of Basra at the time was the kiss of science is replete with various arts of science, and in the various Islamic sects, presented to receive science by scientists Ibadi, especially Abu Obeida ([2]) Although it was not aware of his life only slightly, however, be advised about his students and released without his books and the most important of the Code which, without words Abu Obeida pupils and their stories and their differences([3]).

The second requirement: His qualities, his life and his travels in pursuit of knowledge:

When a closer look at the biography of Imam Abu Ghanem and his blog and mention it in the books, we realize what he was possess the Imam of the qualities of Galilee scholars([4]), It has been _ God's mercy _ maintained for science, seeking in its codification, keeping it from being lost, and was characterized by humility, honesty and accuracy in the transport, known for his frequent مسألته to Oheachh, interrogation and investigation in transport and scrutiny of issues and stand at the text, and to give his opinion sometimes, and was familiar with the forty- ([5]) To congratulate him on imam([6]), And suggesting

His eagerness to seek knowledge trips made by, it has gone in the late second century to تاهرت([7]) Mara Mount Nefoussa in Libya([8]), And told him the blog without words Abu Obeida pupils in jurisprudence and their stories and Akhlavathm the([9]), I told him in تاهرت when he was a visiting Imam Abdul Wahab, Amrous Fastodaha the bin open([10]) Fastnsch including a copy stayed in Morocco and was in twelve volumes reprint them volumes([11]).

This person seems researcher qualities that he has spent most of his life in Basra, ask science at the hands of Abu Obeida and his disciples after him, and when squeezed the Ibadhi presence in Basra Abu Ghanem has a scientific trip to Egypt and the Maghreb, and then cited by([12]).

The third requirement: Elders and his disciples:

First: Elderly:

There is no doubt that each student aware of the elderly draws them Sciences, has been the Imam Abu Ghanem, a large number of elders called them in his blog, fourteen senators they: Abu Obeida Muslim ibn Abi dignified([13]), Spring Bin Habib([14]), Abdullah bin Abdulaziz([15]), Abu Omar allergen, bin Mohammed([16]), Abu Ghassan immortalized bin Alamrd([17]), Wael Abu Ayyub ibn Ayyub([18]), Abu Sufian loved bin leave([19])Hatem Ben Mansour([20]), Migrant Abu Hashim bin al-Muhajir([21]), Accession bulk bin([22]), Abu Noah in favor of paint([23])Shoaib bin unknown([24]), Usher([25])I'm Egyptian slaves([26]).([27])

Second: Disciples:
It was like Imam Abu Ghanem _ God's mercy _ in science and righteousness and Jihad in the application of science must have been schooled on his hand a large number of scholars, but sources do not Tsafna a large number, perhaps the reason for this is the pursuits of other teams, as well as .

Among the most famous of his students: Amrous Abu Hafs bin open Almsakana the Alnphusi([28]), And Imam returned bin Abdul Wahab Alristima,([29]).([30])

Fourth requirement: Effects and death:

First: Effects:

The sources said that Abu Ghanem two books:

1- Blog: It is the subject of research, and I will speak about some of the shortcut.

2- Different fatwas or fatwa: It was not found missing([31]).

Secondly: His death:

Some sources say that his death was the year 200 AH / 815 AD([32])However, Sheikh Saleh Al Busaidi see another view on the date of his death, he says,: “The aforementioned date is not accurate, and that the death of Abu Ghanem was then, and who calls us to this weighting, is that Imam Abu Ghanem has been Amrous'm open and leave him a copy of the Code, and Amrous was killed in the battle (Manu) سنة 283هـ، وتبيّن قصّة مشاركته أنّه كان قوياًّ وصلباً فلو فرضنا أنّ أبا غانم قد لقيه سنة 200هـ مثلاً، وفرضنا أنّ عمروس كان عمره حينئذ عشرين سنةً على الأقلِّ، فيكون سنّ عمروس حين استشهاده مائة وثلاث سنين، ورجل في مثل هذا السّنّ تستبعد مشاركته في الحرب بتلك الصّلابة التّي يوصف بها، ولذا فأنّه يترجّح أنّ لقاء أبي غانم بعمروس كان في أواخر الرّبع الأوّل من القرن الثّالث وليس في مطلعه كما ذكرت المصادر، ومعنى هذا أنّ وفاة أبي غانم ليست قبل هذا التّاريخ([33]).

The researcher believes Sultan Shibani other than what he saw Sheikh Al Busaidi says:

“First: The passage refused Ghanem Bamrs, and left a copy of the Code has been in a time when Imam Wahab bin Abdul Rahman Historians have differed in the death of Imam Abdul Wahab,

He was told: Year 188 E, which is to say I'm virgins Marrakech, and was told: Year 190 E, which is to say who favored Baroni([34]) And followed by Dr. Amr developing([35]), And was told: 208 AH.

On the first two views: Abu Ghanem may be met Bamrs the year 188 AH, or 190 AD, and this is developing which sees Dr. says: “The father Ghanem moved to تاهرت, in the late second century, the say the latter فرحلة the Abu Ghanem could be in the early third century, but does not exceed 280 AH([36]).
Secondly: Sources indicate that Amrous was quoted as saying Blog was young and old as well as to indicate that the age for a long time, and is likely to Sheikh Salmi God's mercy to the that Amrous generator was at the end of the sixth decade of the second century AH.

Based on the foregoing, it is not unlikely to be Imam Abu Ghanem had died in 200 AH.

By Dr Sheikh Muhanna bin Rashid al-Saadi


([1]) _ Khorasan: Country wide, the first borders Iraq and another borders India, differed in the call, Khorasan, and was told: خراسم: Persian sun, and was told: Asan: Like thing and place of origin, and was told otherwise, seen: (Sapphire Hamwi: Lexicon countries, Arab Heritage Revival House Beirut First Edition, 1417/1997, 01/218).

([2]) _ Abu Obeida: Muslim ibn Abi decent visual Tamimi allegiance, was born in Basra and grew up and where he lived, straighten up for education forty years, he took the flag from Jabir bin Zaid, deserts Absi, Jaafar Al-Sammak, and some companions like Ibn Abbas and Abu Huraira, Anas and others died in 145 AH almost source: (Mubarak bin Abdullah bin Hamid Rashidi: Imam Abu Obeida Muslim ibn Abi Karima Al-Tamimi and his understanding, First Edition, 1413/1993, pp. 25).

([3]) _ Seen :
_ Sources Principles Directory Ibadi (Section of the East): 68.

_ Saleh bin Ahmed Al Busaidi: Novel talk when Abadites, first edition, without mentioning Publishing House, 1420/2000, 89 =

= _ Ahmed bin Saeed Shammakhi,: Biographers, achieving Ahmed bin Saud Al Siyabi, second edition, the Ministry of National Heritage and Culture, Oman, 01/194.

_ Saleh bin Ahmed Al Busaidi: Novel talk when Abadites, first edition, without mentioning Publishing House, 1420/2000, 89.

_ Ahmed bin Saeed Shammakhi,: Biographers, achieving Ahmed bin Saud Al Siyabi, second edition, the Ministry of National Heritage and Culture, Oman, 01/194.

Amrous _ Ben open Alnphusi, net assets judgment: Achieve Haj Ahmed Ben Hamo Chrome second edition, 1420/1999, p 24.

_ Joseph bin Khalafon, Almzzati: Answers I'm Khalafon, achieving Dr. Amr bin Khalifa developing, Open House, Beirut, first edition, 1394/1974, 111.

_ Layers sheikhs in Morocco: Achieve Ibrahim Talaa, without publishing house edition, 02/323.

_ Amir bin Ali Al Maamari: Conquest المغيث in graduation newly thirty-four of the Code, Graduation Research Institute of forensic science for the year 1420-1421, however, the researcher, 04.

([4]) _ Busaidi: Modern novel, previous source, 090

([5]) _ Is the imam, Abdul Wahab bin Abd al-Rahman ibn Rustam, بويع imam after his father about 171 E, and stayed in power nine ten years old, and his death was about 190 e, his books, including: “Book issues Nefoussa”, Seen: (Suleiman Pasha Baroni: Flowers imams and sports the kings Ibaadis, achieving cruciate Muhammad Ali, 1407/1987, the Ministry of National Heritage and Culture, 151/ Joseph Almzzati: Answers I'm Khalafon, previous source, 109).

([6]) _ Hamad bin Abdullah al-Hashemi: Hidden subtleties in graduation conversations Code, newly fifty major blog search graduated at the Institute of Islamic Sciences, 1415/1995, the manuscript, however, the researcher, 13.

([7]) _ Open a distraction and stillness Alra, the name of the opposite maximum cities of Morocco, of which there are many Alanda, fog and rain, seen: (Sapphire Hamwi: Glossary of countries, 01/427).

([8]) _ Joseph bin Bakir Haj Said: Join built Mizab, study the social, economic and political, 1992, without a publishing house, 149.

([9]) _ Joseph Almzzati for: Answers I'm Khalafon, previous source, 111.

([10]) Amrous _ Abu Hafs Al Fatah, was born in the village قطرس, died in 283 AH, saw battle (Manu) Between Alinvossin and Aghlabids and families, has author of several books, including: “Judgment net” And”Book Alamrs”, Seen: (Lexicon flags Ibaadis, deployment Association heritage, Qararah, Ghardaia, Algeria, 1420/1999, 10/ 67).

([11]) _ Islamic Jurisprudence Seminar: Held at Sultan Qaboos University, dated 22-26 Shaaban 1408 AH, 18.

([12]) _ Busaidi: Modern novel, 92.

([13]) _ Abu Obeida Muslim ibn Abi decent visual Tamimi allegiance, grew up and where he lived, set himself up for education forty years, and straighten up for education forty years, he took the flag from Jabir bin Zaid, Sohar Abdi and Jaafar Al-Sammak and accession bin bulk, and took some companions like Ibn Abbas and Abu Huraira, Anas (Mubarak bin Abdullah bin Hamid Rashidi: Imam Abu Obeida Muslim ibn Abi Karima Al-Tamimi and his understanding (45-145E), First Edition, 1413, without a publishing house, 25-30).

([14]) _ The great imam spring bin Habib bin Amr الفراهيدي, was born in Amman in the Batinah region the Gdvan region of the State of (Wii) Grew up in Amman and then traveled to Basra, taking the flag from Jabir bin Zaid and Abu Obeida Muslim ibn Abi dignified and accession bulk bin Saleh bin Noah Paint, died between the years (175-180E) And leave us “Missned” Which is of the healthiest Almsanid, source: (Sheikh Saeed Bin Congratulations Alqnobi, search Imam spring up to date / seminar to let us know “Fifth”، 12-37).

([15]) _ Is Abu Saeed Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Basri adult Ibadi scholars in the late second century, many Imam transfer Abi Ghanem him in code, source: (Busaidi: Modern novel, 92).

([16]) _ Abu Omar bin Mohammed allergen Yemeni of peer spring bin Habib, seen: (Busaidi: Modern novel, 93).

([17]) _ Abu Ghassan immortalized bin Alamrd Ghassani: Promise owner layers of Men's second fifty percent the second, it is one of spring layer bin Habib, says Aldrzina: “Including Abu Ghassan immortalized bin Alamrd _ God's mercy _ a science branches, scientists and activists talk about the word Islam people who love Abu Obeida owners and opened his hand in science and endorsed by”, Source: (Aldrgeni: Sheikhs layers, 02/290).

([18]) _ Wael Abu Ayyub bin Ayub Yemeni Hadrami, students of Imam Abu Obeida and who told them Abu Ghanem, in his blog, it is one of Rabee 'ibn Habib layer jurist was a pious ascetic world and was severe on the people of innovation, Source: (Rashidi: Abu Obeida and his understanding, 237).

([19]) _ Abu Sufian loved bin leave Ben Saif bin Hubayrah, Qurashi al-Makki, from the fourth layer of the second fifty scientists from the second cent of migration, take note of all Abu Obeida Muslim and spring Ben Habib, says Aldrgeni: “Them lovable son to leave one of the good guys sailing, who had previously to perpetuate the functioning of the good guys advances”, Seen: (Aldrgeni: Layers sheikhs, 02/27, Busaidi: Modern novel, 95, Almzzati: Answers I'm Khalafon, 116).

([20]) _ Abu Mansour Hatem Ben Mansour Khorasani: Eminent jurists who take from Imam Abu Obeida Muslim was a jurist world, and was of modernists trustworthy when Ibadi, deported to Egypt at the end of his life, the source: (Rashidi: Interface Language and doctrine, 239/ Almzzati: Answers I'm Khalafon, 115/ Albu Saidi: Modern novel, p 94).
([21]) _ Abu Muhajir Hashim bin Hadrami Yemeni immigrant: Fakih much of Hadramawt, was senior Lfaqae of muftis, take note of Imam Abu Obeida, and after the death of Imam Abu Ubaidah moved from Basra to Kufa has been attributed to it, the source: (Rashidi: Interface Language and doctrine, 239/ Joseph Almzzati: Answers I'm Khalafon, 115).

([22]) _ Accession bulk bin: Originally from Oman scar, and birth Basra scholars of the second layer of the imams Ibadi and Vgahaúhm, the note from Jabir bin Zaid, who was to issue fatwas issued in the days of Abu Obeida has recorded his novels from Jabir bin Zaid in a book “Novels accession”Juma Abu Safra Abdul Malik bin zero, the source: (Joseph Almzzati: Answers I'm Khalafon, 112).

([23]) _ Abu Saleh bin Noah Noah paint: Basra residence was home in Ti, he was very pious prolific science, taken from Jabir bin Zaid and others, and it took the spring, says his Aldrgeni the: “Sheikh investigation and professor of the people of the road, and curricula righteous ways”, Source: (Rashidi: Interface Language and doctrine, 601/ Aldrgeni: Layers, 02/254 / Joseph Almzzati The: Answers I'm Khalafon, 109/ Ahmed bin Said bin Abdel Wahed Shammakhi-: Biographers, achieving Ahmed bin Masoud Al Siyabi, 1407/1987, the Ministry of National Heritage and Culture 01/82).

([24]) _ Abu Shuaib known bin known: Layer of spring Ben Habib, and shows that his native Egypt, or that he resided in a period of time and was out at the time of the dispute in Morocco on the Imamate Abdul Wahab فرحل to تاهرت and patronize Alencar and then returned to Tripoli after the defeat of Yazid bin Ffendin, and continued opposition to the front of Abdul Wahab and because of that : (Joseph Almzzati: Answers I'm Khalafon, 113).

([25]) _ Usher Abu Moudud Usher Tai: Originally from Oman and was his birth Basra, was right-hand man of Abu Obeida in its activities and it was based war affairs and collect money and buy arms and look at things, advocacy and councils, died in the days of Abu Jafar al-Mansur, the source: (Joseph Almzzati: Answers I'm Khalafon, 114).

([26]) _ Abdullah Ibn Abbad Egyptian: Mufti al-Faqih, which is Mohammed Ibn Abbad civil, be advised that Abu Ubaidah Muslim Basra and returned to Egypt and established by, sent to him by Imam Abdul Wahab questions Vavtah, a layer of spring Ben Habib, the source: (Rashidi: Abu Obeida and his understanding, 267-268).

([27]) _ Busaidi: Modern novel, 92.

([28]) _ Already meta tags.

([29]) _ Is Imam returned Bin Abdul Wahab bin Abd al-Rahman ibn Rustam: Imam the State Rustumiya third Pthard, succeeded his father in 190 AH, and his death was between the years 240-250, he stayed long in power, the source: (Joseph Almzzati: Answers I'm Khalafon, 11).

([30]) _ Busaidi: Modern novel, 97.

([31]) _ Islamic Jurisprudence Seminar: Search Sheikh Mubarak Al-Rashidi, 188.

([32]) _ Famous professor Hassan Mahmoud, Dr. Hassan Yousef Abu beaver, Mr. Omar Mohammed Aermti,: Encyclopedia of the Islamic world, and bliss agency for advertising and printing, first edition.

([33]) _ Busaidi: Modern novel, 98.

([34]) _ Baronial Sheikh Suleiman Pasha: Seasoned politician, and the world of sage, family Albaronah known as Jebel Nafusa, born in 1287, taking the principles of science from his father, and then traveled to Tunisia to receive the Arab Science Mosque Zaytuna, which is of patience and insight in all things, where the Mujahideen in the liberation of his country from the enemy : (Suleiman Pasha at the phases of his life: Haj Ibrahim Abu Aliqadan, Casablanca edition of Oman, 47).

([35]) _ Dr. Amr bin Khalifa developing: A prominent Islamic scholar, was born in 1939, in the city (Nalut) بجبل نفوسة، تربّى في أحضان عائلةٍ فقيرةٍ، ولكنّها غنيّة بالقيم، و المحافظة على الدّين، وتعلّم بها مبادئ اللّغة والعلوم الشّرعيّة، سافر إلى مصر، ثمّ إلى بريطانيا، ودرس في جامعة كمبردج بجدّيّةٍ ونشاطٍ خمس سنواتٍ، وكتب أبحاثه باللّغين العربيّة والإنجليزيّة ثمّ رجع إلى بلده ليبيا ثمّ نُفِيَ إلى أمريكا اللاّتينيّة، ثمّ طلب اللّجوء إلى اليابان عام 1979م، ولعب دوراً بارزاً في الحياة العلميّة والثّقافيّة، وفي عام 1981م ألقي عليه القبض في بلده وأودع السّجن وانقطعت أخباره سنة 1986م، ينظر: (Studies on the Ibadi: Dr. Amr developing, translating Michael Khoury, reviewed by Maher units, and commented upon Dr. Mohammed bin Saleh Nasser Mustafa Pago, First Edition, 2001, the Muslim West House, 09).

([36]) _ Busaidi: Modern novel, 99.

Adapted from urges Amrous bin open approach in the judgment net

This article contains No comment

Write your comment here

Please put article below
Your comment