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Jurisprudence assets and controls

Jurisprudence assets and controls *

Sheikh Haj Mohammed bin door

Law professor at the Institute of Life, Sump, Ghardaia, and a member of the Islamic Supreme Council of the Republic of Algeria.


The order of science and Oukdha at all in perspective Shara and evaluation Allah and His Messenger; know what the law of God for His slaves, which revealed in his book, Akram by Nabih of wisdom, and oversaw the forensic science after the Koran and interpreted and then the Hadith and annotations; knowledge or science of Jurisprudence and understand Islam, which balances : ) And was faithful to alienate all Without a group of them a wide band to يتفقهوا in religion and warn their people, If returned to them so that they might warn (([1]), Said the Prophet e: «God wanted to do good by his understanding of his religion and inspired him to his senses».

It has become the field of differentiation and pride - The Jazz pride in science- The extent to which the world from the corner of the jurisprudence, different concept of those rules and Sincerity, though AlTafaqah in religion requires the collection of such rules on the grounds every sense without a distinction involved or other considerations for.

May be the concept of jurisprudence joint deal between both considerations, and so much common sense is what the other, or based upon others, or what the ramifications for others, or what is generated for other. The rules used in the foundations or physical assets also said U: ﴿وَإِذْ يَرْفَعُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ الْقَوَاعِدَ مِنَ الْبَيْتِ وَإِسْمَاعِيلُ رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّآ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ﴾([2]), Confirmation and the establishment of this or that old house, who spent God and to the extent that is placed people, Aamonh and turning شطره and Ihjohnh that pleases God or God inherits the earth and them which is good for inheritors.

He said in reversing the meaning or the first destination in the event of vandalism, destruction and devastation and destruction: ﴿فَأَتَى اللَّهُ بُنْيَانَهُم مِّنَ الْقَوَاعِدِ فَخَرَّ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّقْفُ مِن فَوْقِهِمْ﴾([3]).

It also called on the word meaning “Foundations” He said: ﴿أَفَمَن أَسَّسَ بُنْيَانَهُ عَلَى تَقْوَى مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانٍ خَيْرٌ أَم مَّن أَسَّسَ بُنْيَانَهُ عَلَى شَفَا جُرُفٍ هَارٍ فَانْهَارَ بِهِ فِي نَارِ جَهَنـَّمَ﴾([4]), Said: ) Of a mosque founded on piety from the first day deserving of being in which you where men love to purify themselves and God loves cleansers (([5]).

So it is clear to us that the rules and principles synonyms to denote one meaning, or between them as common sense for those who prevents synonymy in language, it is said: Rule or rules or doctrinal basis or doctrinal grounds. As Sheikh Salmi said God's mercy, after mentioning the number of those rules - as We will remember him, God willing,- Said:

The uncertainty, it does not eliminate the only sure like picking

But things tax purposes and upped without Amaand

And it brings easing hardship because it is not in the torment of the nation's debt

If the verdict is usually For what have been reported foundations Fiqh automated

Also used to denote this sense the word “Assets” Or “Main”, As God said U for good word it: ﴿كَشَجَرَةٍ طَيـِّبـَةٍ أَصْلُهَا ثَابِتٌ وَفَرْعُهَا فِي السَّمَآءِ تُوتِي أُكْـلَهَا كُلَّ حِينِ بِإِذْنِ رَبـِّهَا﴾([6]).

وفي نفس المعنى للأصل أو الأصول قوله تبارك وتعالى: ) What قطعتم of soft or left standing on their leave of Allah (([7]).

In this comparison or budget verbal realize the common destiny of the whole meaning between the words of the view world-Faqih or fundamentalist: “Jurisprudence, or jurisprudential assets, or jurisprudential foundations”, And it is science that generate or be in force and knowledgeable owner and Queen of understanding of religious texts from the Quran and Sunnah true understanding give him a ride to recognize the judgment or the legal provisions of the street before landing - U of God or the Prophet e Lord willing,- And the impact of acts of law, and started doing slave or one of His attributes condition, or reason, or blocking, or fragmented, مبطلا to rule illegal, or invalidate it, or correcting him, or the impact of speech street by requiring an act of law requiring stressing; so rewarded for . It may be the impact of the requirement to leave the street speech of charge, either the requirement leave uncertain Withab on the Turks and punishable act, or requiring the leave is uncertain so rewarded for Turk will not be punished for an act. The impact of street speech may be devoid of any requirement useful given a choice in charge of the act or Turk not be rewarded for this or that, and also punishable act or Turk, but the intention. Science or science that enables the world or the learner aware of these effects called the: Jurisprudence, or the foundations of jurisprudence, or fiqh rules, tentatively agreed on the common destiny of them.

However, the researchers and scholars classified those rules or principles or jurisprudential assets to two classes or two places distinct complementary:

First: First class or first place: Assets, or foundations, or jurisprudence nearby that relate often verbally or text forensic connotations verbal either Bmntogah or concept, and that is what has been termed the often assets jurisprudence or assets nearby, which must be on every student aware of science Sharia be mastered or surrounded by a note, and those : It significant that it is obligatory When تجرده for context and cashed Balgarina to the non-obligatory. And the significance of the prohibition on the inviolability if stripped of context and disbursed to other meanings of the Balgarina. As well as Dalalthma on the spot or inaction, on time or repetitions, on الاجتزاء and nullity and corruption. وكذلك مباحث العامّ والخاصّ، والمطلق والمقيَّد، والمجمل والمبيَّن، ودلالة المنطوق والمفهوم بقسميه مفهومٌ موافِقٌ أو مخالِفٌ، ومباحث الإجمال والبيان وورودهما مقترنين أو مفترقين، متزامنين أو متباعدين، إلى غير ذلك من المباحث اللفظية لفهم النص الشرعي من الكتاب أو السنة، زيادة على المباحث الخاصة بالسنة من حيث سندُها، وتصنيفُها، ومراتبها، وعللها، وعلاقتها بالقرآن، كلّ ذلك اصطُلح على تسميته عند الجمهور -جمهور المؤلفين والدارسين- “Principles of assets nearby”، وذلك قدر مشترك قد يشترك ويتساوى فيه وقد يتّفق عليه جميع طلبة أو علماء الشريعة لفهم القرآن والسنة، بل قد يتّفق معهم في ذلك علماء اللغة؛ لأنّ معظم تلك القواعد معهودة عند العرب في فهم دلالات ألفاظ لغتهم، مثل إدراك دلالة الحقيقة والمجاز، وفهم الكناية والاستعارات، ودلالة اللفظ بمنطوقه ومفهومه الموافق أو المخالف، ودلالة العام والخاص، والمجمل والمبيّن، وغير ذلك مِمَّا هو معهودٌ ومعروفٌ عند العرب، وقد نزل القرآن بلغتهم: ﴿وَمَآ أَرْسَلْنَا مِن رَّسُولٍ إلاَّ بِلِسَانِ قَوْمِهِ لِيُبَيِّنَ لَهُمْ﴾([8])، وإن لم يدوّنوها عِلْمًا مستقلاًّ يدرس إلا بمبادرة وسبق من الإمام محمّد بن إدريس الشافعي، كما لم تُدوَّن قواعدُ النحو علما مستقلاًّ إلا بمبادرة من أبي الأسود الدؤلي ومباركة من الإمام علي بن أبي طالب –كما يروى-، فتلك القواعد أو الأصول القريبة مِمَّا نجده عند معظم الذين ألّفوا وصنّفوا كتبا أو رسائل أو دراسات في العلوم الشرعية، إلى جانب دراسات القرآن من تفسير وعلوم القرآن، ودراسات السنة –جمعا وتصنيفا- Such as Sunan and famous Asahah, and what we find or contained a bit too much of it Mosque Imam Ibn pool, or what they found - that actually found him- Amrous up bin open - may God have mercy on all imams science and scholars of Islam and Muslims loyal righteous satisfied Almredaan on the -.

Secondly: The second class of jurisprudence which is the whole point of this intervention - if Qubltamoh -; is over or is expressed b: Asset remote, or assets major, or rules, or college, or constants Islamic legitimacy, and in that Let the competitors, and scramble contestants, and contrasts and differentiated knowledgeable out and Atfadilon, and God raises him some over some degrees, so Fadl-Allah which He bestows on whom He wills, and raises some . فمثل هذه القواعد لا تُدرك عن طريق المباحث اللغوية اللفظية كما تُدرك القواعد والأصول القريبة آنفة الذكر، وإنّما تُعرف وتُدرك بطول الممارسة والدراسة واستقراء الأحكام الشرعية من مجموع نصوصها المتنوعة أو المتكرّرة تنوّعا وتَكرارا متعدّدا أو متنوّعا في اللفظ، غير أنّه لا يخرج عن القدر المشترك من المعنى؛ بحيث يتكوّن من مجموع ذلك القدر المشترك من المعنى بين تلك النصوص معنى كلّيٌّ عامٌّ يصبح -بعد استقراء تلك النصوص وجمع ما يُجمع بينهما أو ما تتّفق عليه من معنى- Comprehensive general rule permeated those images and partial cases contained in the right texts, permeated or apply to endlessly conditions and pictures located or anticipated in charge of all transactions, until God inherits the earth and them which is good for inheritors. So what gives Sharia recipe Commons and inclusiveness, and a recipe flexibility and Asalouhah for all times and places, and the establishment of the argument on both fit to forward the letter to holders of the two races - one of the jinn and mankind- And are responsible for commissioning until interrupted excuse when God said U: ﴿رُّسُلاً مُّبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنذِرِينَ لِئَلاَّ يَكُونَ لِلنَّاسِ عَلَى اللَّهِ حُجَّةُ بَعْدَ الرُّسُلِ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَزِيزًا حَكِيمًا﴾([9]).

ولعلّ من المفيد لنا أن نضرب مثالا أو مثالين لهذا الصنف من القواعد الفقهية، أو الأصول البعيدة، أو الكليات الكبرى للفقه، كيف توصّل إليها العلماء الربانيّون من خلال جمع النصوص المشيرة إليها أو الدالّة عليها، فاستقرؤوها استقراءً حتى تحصّلوا منها على مثل هذه القواعد ثمّ طبقوها، ويجب أن تُطبَّق تطبيقا تنازليا وتـفريعيًّا على ما لا يتناهى من جزئيات وفروع حياة الناس أبدَ الدهر إلى نهاية التكليف بقيام الساعة، أو برفع القرآن كما قيل وَوَرد في الأثر. It is therefore:

1Base, is pleased origin, religion or Sharia pleased phalanx – Altogether -, this is out of much of the assets of the law and jurisprudence, and the total of the colleges, and rule of jurisprudence major assets away, reached by scientists, or reached by the student when it reviews and يستقرئ and polls and questioning following texts Bmntogaha and concept and significance of sub-or remote, such as the words of God : ) If any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number of days and who يطيقونه the ransom poor food (([10]).

Then he said,: ) So whoever of you month shall fast therein, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number of days, God intends for you ease and does not want hardship for you (([11]).

In Purity door to prayer after ablution verse purity junior said: ﴿وَإِن كُنتُمْ جُنُبًا فَاطَّهَّرُواْ وَإِن كُنتُم مَّرْضَى أَوْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ أَوْ جَاء أَحَدٌ مَّنكُم مِّنَ الْغَائِطِ أَوْ لاَمَسْتُمُ النِّسَاء فَلَمْ تَجِدُواْ مَاء فَتَيَمَّمُواْ صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا فَامْسَحُواْ بِوُجُوهِكُمْ وَأَيْدِيكُم مِّنْهُ مَا يُرِيدُ اللّهُ لِيَجْعَلَ عَلَيْكُم مِّنْ حَرَجٍ وَلَكِن يُرِيدُ لِيُطَهَّرَكُمْ وَلِيُتِمَّ نِعْمَتَهُ عَلَيْكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ﴾([12]).

In the context of eating taboos says: ﴿حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْكُمُ الْمَيْتَةُ وَالدَّمُ وَلَحْمُ الْخِنزِيرِ وَمَآ أُهِلَّ لِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ بِهِ وَالْمُنْخَنِقَةُ وَالْمَوْقُوذَةُ وَالْمُتَرَدِّيـَةُ وَالنَّطِيحَةُ وَمَآ أَكَلَ السَّبُعُ إِلاَّ مَا ذَكَّيْتُمْ وَمَا ذُبِحَ عَلَى النُّصُبِ وَأَن تَسْتَقْسِمُوا بِالأَزْلاَمِ ذَالِكُمْ فِسْقٌ الْيَوْمَ يَئِسَ الذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِن دِينِكُمْ فَلاَ تَخْشَوْهُمْ وَاخْشَوْنِ الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الإسلام دِينًا فَمَنُ اضْطُرَّ فِي مَخْمَصَةٍ غَيْرَ مُتَجَانِفٍ لإِثْمٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ﴾([13]).

In Surat Inshirah and gratitude Nbeih the e says: ), With hardship comes ease with hardship comes ease (([14]), Said the Prophet e: «Will tend indigestion يسرين».

In pan Koran save and remember it- Understanding of ethics and conduct- God said: ﴿وَلَقَدْ يَسَّرْنَا الْقُرْءَانَ لِلذِّكْرِ فَهَلْ مِن مُّدَّكِرٍ﴾([15]).

Said: ) And whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him (([16]). To so many other verses contained therein mentioned convenience and facilitation of an order or a description or guidance, support the Prophet e his gift verbal statement and practical like saying: «But you sent facilitators did not SEND insolvent». Said: «Facilitated nor تعسروا, and preached no تنفروا '. Said: «This religion is easy Vaugloa it gently». Said: «No one will hailed this religion only drop». Aisha said t: “The Messenger of Allah e between two things but, أيسرهما chose what was not a sin”.

And ordered him and would his behavior with his friends - men and women- God bless them Farewell day, as they learn from him and take him rituals have told them: «Take Me مناسككم, and had them to provide or delay some of the rites and rituals of the tenth day of the Day of Sacrifice: Between the throw and the slaughter and shaved, was if you asked them about anything made or another whether before or what after that - unintentionally- However, he said: «I do and there is nothing wrong». The description in the Quran the Prophet e, as it is written in the Torah and the Gospel) and puts them Azarethm and shackles that were on them (([17]).

As well as his e with Bedouin Gulf entered the mosque, and the minutes of the Prophet e and his companions t, he took this Bedouin urinated in the area of ​​the mosque, he took him companions to Isermoh - cut off his own urine blamed- The Prophet said to them, e: «Call Tzermoh», until the end of the urine called the Prophet e guilt of water or bucket of water Vohriv the urine, and then accept the Bedouin teach him and guide him and guide him in the best manner and with wisdom and beautiful preaching, saying: «These mosques are the houses of God to the male and prayer is not the right place for any from this Alqdhurat». Or, as u.

It is settled and keep track of all these texts in this case, the words and deeds - and many others- فإنّه يتجمّع عنده من العلم الثابت، واليقين الراسخ والقناعة والاطمئنان إلى أنّ اليسر أصل كبير من أصول الدين والتشريع الإسلاميّ، وثابت من ثوابته، وكليّ من كلياته، وقاعدة من قواعده الكبرى الثابتة أبد الدهر، وهو من الأصول البعيدة الضاربة في البعد إلى أعماق التاريخ الإنسانيّ، ويجب مراعاتها في كلّ أحوال المكلَّفين من هذه الأمَّة رجالا ونساء، أحرارا وعبيدا، أغنياء وفقراء، حكّاما ومحكومين، فيما لا يتصادم مع النصوص القطعيّة.

For example, we have the doctrine required in the Iftar to travel or illness Swap intention of the night, and this condition put scientists voluntarily diligence dam for an excuse to manipulate some الأغرار boys, or faint of faith, not contained in the text explicitly as stated in the fasting: «No fasting for those who did not spend the intention of the night». And the introduction of bridging excuses- Brought or pushed- Out religiously Certified in many of the branches and partial issues. But today we live in the center of busy world means rapid transportation and the resulting from sudden traffic accidents - and most in the hundreds of thousands- فإذا بصائم امتطى سيارته آمنا مطمئنا غير عازم على الإفطار وأمسك، ولكن أثناء سفره وقع له حادث مرور وكان من ضحاياه فأصابه جرح بليغ أو كسر مبين؛ مِمَّا يقتضي علاجه إفطاره، فهل يُمنع من ذلك الإفطار لمرض بدعوى عدم تبييت النية من الليل، ويُلزم على مواصلة وإتمام الصيام رغم ما يقاسيه من آلام الحادث وجراحه؟، أوَلا يُؤذن ولا يُسمح له إلا بتناول ما يُمسك به رمق الحياة دون الموت وإسلام روحه لباريها، مع إلزامه قضاء يومه بعد ذلك عند البرء والشفاء؟.

Both the asset base and total convenience in law decision in relation to this topic - fast- Words U God: ) And whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number of days, God intends for you ease and does not want hardship for you (([18]). This requires that authorized for this patient traveler a traffic accident surprising disease to break the fast - with no Swap intention of the night- It was an accident غيبيا God no one knows except God U; which can not be, nor can Swap the intention of him at night.

From this perspective, the legislative and the induction and developed one of the largest major jurisprudential rules, or a of jurisprudence remote assets, or one of the schools of Islamic law and formulated in a single sentence of three words vehicle says: “Bring hardship facilitation” Thus saves and Aaklha the world and the learner, male and female, free and slave, the ruler and the ruled, and applies them within the limits of hardship - the prestigious legitimately- It is all the usual hassle of trailing in the performance of the Islamic ruling. He even rumored some imams doctrines and if I were him Abu Hanifa, he said: “If Haktna the fork broke her”, Although we envisage moderation in everything there is excess or negligence, perhaps the words of Abu Hanifa - on his understanding- Not worthy of the general population. It is also not doctrine or religion in anything that has to born at the beginning of the assignment fasted his first Ramadan in the longest day of the year in the summer, and in the area of ​​the warmest tropical areas or close to death sahoor predominance sleep it Sabha, breaks his fast until he catches disappearing, Vzag sight - It has become in the event of unusual for all fasters, Vasft Mufti her the first time, it was too late his passport breakfast, at the second time and the third time the same day, and the worsening of the risk to the child, and returned the mother of at Sheikh Mufti refusal to license B claiming that he did not - Has resulted in to Rabbo dead, died and stepped up his soul to the maker, as a result of extremism in religion and ignorance Sheikh Mufti of this important destination, or the total this year, or a major al-Qaeda, or distant origin of Islamic law: “Hardship brings facilitation” Or) God intends for you ease and does not want hardship for you (([19]),), With hardship comes ease with hardship comes ease (([20]).

2- There is nothing wrong up like a second way to develop and take advantage and draw this jurisprudence, public colleges or remote assets of Islamic law, which is the origin of: “Raise the damage” Or “Damage remains” Or “Do no harm in Islam”: God said U in the right of children and their upbringing and care - Redaa and custody and to ensure that expense - sustenance and clothing- He said in the right of all: ﴿وَالْوَالِداتُ يُرْضِعْنَ أَوْلاَدَهُنَّ حَوْلَيْنِ كَامِلَيْنِ لِمَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يُّتِمَّ الرَّضَاعَةَ، وَعَلَى الْمَوْلُودِ لَهُ رِزْقُهُنَّ وَكِسْوَتُهُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ، لاَ تُكَلَّفُ نَفْسٌ إِلاَّ وُسْعَهَا، لاَ تُضَآرَّ وَالِدَةُ بِوَلَدِهَا، وَلاَ مَوْلُودٌ لَّهُ بِوَلَدِهِ، وَعَلَى الْوَارِثِ مِثْلُ ذَالِكَ﴾([21]).

He said in the family and discord and nushuz in the and may lead to divorce band, and especially the right of vulnerable women often: ﴿وَلاَ تُضَآرُّوهُنَّ لِتُضَيِّقُوا عَلَيْهِنَّ﴾([22]).

He said in the context of talking about the distribution of the legacy of the deceased and his heirs in inheritance verses, began and Order inheritance after debt, and the commandment, he said: ﴿مِن بَعْدِ وَصِيَّةٍ يُوصِي بِهَآ أَوْ دَيْنٍ غَيْرَ مُضَآرٍّ﴾([23]).

And signs of necessity and having all featured in this format and this context: ﴿فَمَنُ اضْطُرَّ فِي مَخْمَصَةٍ غَيْرَ مُتَجَانِفٍ لإِثْمٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ﴾([24])، ﴿فَمَنُ اُضْطُرَّ غَيْرَ بَاغٍ وَلاَ عَادٍ فَإِنَّ رَبـَّكَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ﴾([25])، ﴿وَقَدْ فَصَّلَ لَكُم مَّا حَرَّمَ عَلَيْكُم إِلاَّ مَا اضْطُرِرْتُمْ إِلَيْهِ﴾([26]).

It is like these verses - and many others- Coined the Prophet e or added to his speech stressing her by saying: «Do no harm» In the novel: «Islam», became a major base in Islam, and originally from the remote assets of jurisprudence, and entirely from the faculties of the Islamic religion, the principle of Islamic Sharia principles that quoted starters from the principles of rationing, and: “Uploaded damage”, Or that: “Damage remains”.

There is no harm among members of the same family, and no harm between husband and wife, or between father and son, or between a brother and his brother, nor between neighbor and neighbor, nor between a partner and his partner, nor between tenant and Ogerh, nor between the ruler and his subjects, nor between : «And, who the same Muhammad with his hand if that Fatima Bint Mohammed stolen For Spare Mohammed her hand» in application of the the base of “Do no harm” Or “Damage remains” And what the reported fork of the the rules of subset of them-grown or subordinate to it than it is commonly known in the inevitably and suppositions.

These rules that restrict other in five or six bases enclosure as saying: “Things its purposes” Or “Business intentions” It is the first in the usual order, and saying: “Doubt does not raise uncertainty” Or: “Uncertainty does not rise - or not go away- Uncertainty” Or: “Uncertainty bump only sure like him”, And Abu Ammar Abdul Kafi: “Custom- Or habit- Court”, And what was outlined Imam Sheikh Salmi – God's mercy- In assets in the sun or book section inferred when you mentioned jurisprudence when he said in conclusion, in the rules of jurisprudence as noted above:

The uncertainty, it does not eliminate the only sure like picking

But things tax purposes and upped without Amaand

And it brings easing hardship because it is not in the torment of the nation's debt

If the verdict is usually For what have been reported foundations Fiqh automated

However, the subsidiarity those rules delivers it to tens of almost almost cent rule, as set out in the book values “Explain the rules of jurisprudence” Sheikh Ahmed Mohammed blue, and the correct output and styling his son Mustafa blue, and his student Abdul Fattah Abu gland and may Onhoha to ninety-nine (99) Base, what أجدرنا the - Ma'shar workers or pedophiles studies legitimacy, AlTafaqah in debt with a view to what God of goodness and virtue- Be careful to collect the sum of these rules accommodating and awareness and understanding, even consist us Queen of jurisprudence or AlTafaqah in religion really allow us to alert our people, as God said U: ﴿وَلِيُنذِرُوا قَوْمَهُم إِذَا رَجَعُوا إِلَيْهِمْ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَحْذَرُونَ﴾([27]).

على أن لا نقف عند حدّ الإنذار، بل نفتح لأقوامنا أبوابا واسعة من البشارات، والتبشير بصلوحية هذه القواعد لهذا الدين الخاتم الذي ارتضاه الله لعباده جميعا دينا، ورحمة للعالمين، وأتمّ به نعمته على مخلوقاته ولم يرض ولن يرضى ببديل عنه؛ لأنه الوحيد الصالح والشامل لكلّ متطلبات الثقلين والعالمين جميعا، عبْر كلِّ مراحل وأطوار وأنماط حياتنا دنيا وأخرى، حتى يغدوَ الإسلام بكتاب الله وسنة رسوله إمامَ العلم وإمامَ العلماء المعاصرين جميعا تبعا له مستنيرين به، واثقين بصدق معلوماته وحقائقه، حتى يتحقّق قول الله U: ﴿سَنُرِيهِمْ ءَايَاتِنَا فِي الآفَاقِ وَفِي أَنفُسِهِمْ حَتَّى يَتَبَيَّنَ لَهُم أَنـَّهُ الْحَقُّ أَوَلَمْ يَكْفِ بِرَبـِّكَ أَنـَّهُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ أَلآَ إِنَّهُمْ فِي مِرْيَةٍ مِّن لِّقَآءِ رَبـِّهِم أَلآَ إِنـَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ مُّحِيطٌ﴾([28]).

Ladies and gentlemen, the jurisprudence, or assets major, or assets remote, or public colleges of Islamic law in this scenario or that concept is the apex of the pyramid of Science legitimacy, is not up to it only stallions like I'm a pond or Amrous bin open - that arrived to that- كما وصل إليها كبار الصحابة y أمثال أبي بكر t في مواقفه يوم وبُعيْد وفاة النبيّ e من الوقائع المستجدة بذلك، ومثل عمر بن الخطاب t أيام خلافته واتّساع رقعة الدولة الإسلامية وتنوّعها جغرافيا واقتصاديا وبشريا، وما يقتضي ذلك من إدماج كلّ ذلك في بوتقة الإسلام الصحيح، دون غلوّ أو إفراط، وكذا الإمام عثمان والإمام عليّ اللذان لم يكونا أقلّ من صاحبيهما أو سلفيهما حتّى أصبح عليٌّ مضرب المثل في حلّ معضلات المشاكل، إذ يقال عند أو بعد غيابه: “Issue nor father Hassan”. And Mnwalhm weave senior imams المبرزين, the and senior pupils inheritors of, were a worthy successor to the best predecessor, received the deposit in full, and full Aduha as ordered according to the words of God U: ) That Allah commands that trusts to their owners, and if you judge between people you judge with justice that God graces admonishes him that God was Hearer Seer (([29]), And according to the words of the Prophet e: «Succulent God Amraa heard me article Vuaaha and reached as heard FRP dare amount of listener, the god to the jurisprudence of the holder is the horizon of it, and Lord of jurisprudence holder not بفقيه». Perhaps this product is to most of us the assembly of the audience that we keep some of the issues doctrinal subset, or conversations prophetic, حفظناها and what we can corner of Queen jurisprudence and rules, bringing some latecomers Ahrvon including not know, Ajtron or chanting to say so and so or so and so without jurisprudence or awareness to tell or . God, for example, has hit the bad and evil like: ), Such as those who carried the Torah then يحملوها not like the donkey carrying amount of travel evil like people who deny God Biayat and Allah does not guide the unjust people (([30])They calculate that they do well, preferred by and أضلوا much and strayed from the straight path, to take the visible tip of the wording contained on the street – It may be transferred with him - as a modern novel Passport sense - without a word - knowing the facts and the meanings of words - they are without it- Faihmlon word is not tolerated without regard to the purposes and its legitimacy, Faoukah dimensions in the great disaster - deadliest إهلاكا- إذ لم ير إلاّ من سَمِّ الخياط الذي ينظر منه هذا الناظر؛ حيث لم يتحصّل على المرآة المكبّرة الجامعة التي يعلو بها صاحبها على رَبوة أو على طائرة يشرف بها على أوسع رقعة أو نطاق تمكن رؤيته بذلك المنظار المكبِّر، فيرى جبال الأرض، وسهولهَا، وأنهارَها، وبحارَها، ومحيطاتِها، أو شوارعَ المدينة الكبرى مدينةِ الشريعة، وأنْهُجَها، وأزقّتها، وممرّاتِها النافذة، والممرات غير النافذة؛ حتى تتعيّن له وتتحدّد أمامَه القصور، والُدور، والساحات، والبيوت، بل حتّى البيوتات الصغيرة، والأكواخ القزديريّة، والخيام في الحواضر والأرياف.

That is the ideal that hit knowledgeable who issued - in his knowledge and his understanding- More extensive knowledge of well-established those rules jurisprudence, Oalosol far jurisprudence and law; even become the Queen of authentic empowered, lieutenant him wherever he or departed, crossing with the sea, and the river, easy, hard, and popularized by the mosque and the club, and the market, and the stadium, above or slalom with him .

Where are we? .

Flantq God's servants of God in the religion of God, religion advice to God, His Book, His Messenger, the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk, do not say Allah and His Messenger unless يقولا, and narrow the Muslims what expanded their God, nor open their doors destruction, which have not been authorized by God nor : ﴿وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ يَعْلَمُونَ ظَاهِرًا مِّنَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَهُمْ عَنِ الآخِرَةِ هُمْ غَافِلُونَ﴾([31]), Said: ﴿وَمَآ أُوتِيتُم مِّنَ الْعِلْمِ إِلاَّ قَلِيلاً﴾([32])، ﴿وَفَوْقَ كُلِّ ذِي عِلْمٍ عَلِيمٌ﴾([33]).

ولنأخذ إذن هذا العلم المتميّز بالقواعد الفقهية -باصطلاحها الخاص-، أو هذه الأصول الفقهية البعيدة، أو الأصول الكبرى، أو العلم بالكليات والمقاصد الشرعية من مظانّها ومواقعها، بقطع النظر عن المصدر، أو المرجع، أو المؤلّف، إذْ إنّها قدر مشترك متّفَق أو مجمَع عليه بين علماء المذاهب في الأمّة الإسلامية قديما وحديثا ومستقبلا، إذْ هو روح الدين الإسلامي وقوام الشريعة الإسلامية، لا يتنازع فيها اثنان ولا يتناطح عليها عنـزان -كما يقال-، وهي ضالّة كلّ مسلم مؤمنٍ بأنّ الشرع قائم على حِكَم لا يعقلها إلا العالمون، والحكمة فضل من الله يؤتيه من يشاء: ) Pays the wisdom of wills, and borne wisdom has Otte much good and mentions only men of understanding (([34])، “And wisdom stray insured Annie and her grandfather taken is deserving”Just as Ntshehadha of the sea or ocean'm a pond or Amrous we first do what we have found them, do not prevent us that Ntshehadha also from the sea or ocean Shaatibi of Muaqath, or sea or ocean Ibn Najim and Suyooti of Ochaabahama and نظائرهما bosses, or from the sea or ocean Zarqa - From their bases and explained - citing her and expanding them - and we hope we find from us or us, or others, or when others, such as that, or nearly so, or more than that, of those who have gone before us, or their predecessors, or who came or will come after them : “The top end of the beginning days of Ramadaan”, A commitment to the framework of the barrier condition hippocampus inhibitor of delusion, and guided by the light reflected Hadi in the darkness of land and sea - light of the heavens and the earth- إنّه نور الله الذي أنزله على قلب محمد e ﴿كَمِشْكَاةٍ فِيهَا مِصْبَاحٌ الْمِصْبَاحُ فيِ زُجَاجَةٍ الزُّجَاجَةُ كَأَنَّهَا كَوْكَبٌ دُرِّيٌّ يُوقَدُ مِن شَجَرَةٍ مُّبَارَكَةٍ زَيْتُونَةٍ لاَّ شَرْقِيَّةٍ وَلاَ غَرْبِيَّةٍ يَكَادُ زَيْتُهَا يُضِيءُ وَلَوْ لَمْ تَمْسَسْهُ نَارٌ، نُّورٌ عَلىَ نُورٍ يَهْدِي اللهُ لِنُورِهِ مَنْ يَّشَآءُ وَيَضْرِبُ اللهُ الأَمْثَالَ لِلنَّاسِ وَاللهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ﴾([35]). They must adhere to this framework, and enlightenment in this light in our science, Ventqubl march all that comes flag Legislative religious, or worldly knowledge - whatever its scope - unless explicit clash clash with the definitive texts Quranic explicit, or correct the Sunni texts, has : ) And marching God has guided to the straight path (([36]).

God has guided us and you to a Straight Path) Way of Allah, who is in the heavens and on earth, but to God become things (([37]).

[1]) Repentance, Aya 122.

[2]) Cow, verse 127.

[3]) Bees, Aya 26.

[4]) Repentance, Aya 109.

[5]) Repentance, Aya 108.

[6]) Ibrahim, verse 25.

[7]) Hashr, Verse 5.

[8]) Ibrahim, verse 4.

[9]) Women, Aya 165.

[10]) Cow, verse 184.

[11]) Cow, verse 185.

[12]) Table, Aya 6.

[13]) Table, Aya 3.

[14]) Explanation, Aya 5-6.

[15]) Moon, Aya 17.

[16]) Divorce, Aya 2.

[17]) Norms, Aya 159.

[18]) Cow, verse 185.

[19]) Cow, verse 185.

[20]) Explanation, Aya 5-6.

[21]) Cow, verse 233.

[22]) Divorce, Aya 6.

[23]) Women, Aya 12.

[24]) Table, Aya 3.

[25]) An'am, verse 145.

[26]) An'am, verse 119.

[27]) Repentance, Aya 122.

[28]) Separated, verses 53-54.

[29]) Women, Aya 58.

[30]) Friday, Ayatollah 5.

[31]) Roman, Aya 6-7.

[32]) Isra, verse 85.

[33]) Joseph, verse 76.

[34]) Cow, verse 269.

[35]) Noor, verse 35.

[36]) Al-Imran, verse 101.

[37]) Shura, verse 53.


*Jurisprudential evolution science symposium in Amman during the fourth century AH “Legal rules model”.

The Ministry of Awqaf and Religious Affairs _ Oman.

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