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Legal rules and environmental protection

Legal rules and environmental protection

Preparation: A. Returned bin Ahmed al-Khalili

(رئيس قسم الدراسات والبحوث بمكتب الإفتاء، وزارة الأوقاف والشؤون الدينية، سلطنة عمان)


Praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings on the first two master and others Mohammed bin Abdullah and his family and companions. After:

It received the kind invitation to participate in this blessed seminar entitled b: “Jurisprudential evolution of science in Amman: Civilized jurisprudence, Fiqh Urbanism“, On the subject of: “Legal rules and environmental protection” Aftapt myself unleashed and active to participate Bdaotai Almzjah.

The research was divided into points, easily imaginable, God willing.

Before that paved paving the norm underlying the construction stated in the rules of Sharia([1]) Maintained by the Environment.

It is God Almighty derive help and luck and hope of acceptance, then you - dear reader- Seek guidance and sincere supplication.


God's law methods of each issue and solving all the dilemma, and this requires us depth look at the forensic evidence in various faces, as well as to recognize reality; because the system of Sharia did not come down to hesitate Hmsath trapped in a fantasy world, but they are Hidayat begins the heart of man passing his physical faculties Marjh on community interest to home .

This issue is important heights, especially in this day and age, after God bestowed on slaves, and experimental science, which means that they can corrupt the earth as they can reconstruction, as science double-edged sword, and confirms that Asthoudarna to the following:

  • That 90% Of diseases afflicting mankind worked by human hands because of corruption in the land.
  • Ø that the United States dropped in Vietnam up to 44 Million liters of material Magan Orange is a mixture of pesticides containing dioxin Aftmst the bounties of the earth.
  • Ø congenital deformity in Japan and Vietnam so that many of the Vietnamese people were injured Mongolian disease as a disease, and the rippling effect of these materials even included genetic Alkromzumat.

For this نجمل some important introductions of the subject.

Legislative Miracles:

اشتملت الشريعة على أبدع نظام عرفته البشرية عبر أدوراها التأريخية، حتى أن العقل يقف عاجزا عن إدراك كثير من تلك الأسرار، وعامل الزمن له أهميته البالغة في كشف الغطاء عن بعضها، ولهذا قد يُخفي الله سرا من أسرار تشريعاته عن علماء الحقب الأولى ويتجلى بعد ذلك، ومن ينزل بالشريعة في الميدان تتجلى له بعض تلك الأسرار شيئا فشيئا، وجانب البيئة ليس بعيدا عن الجوانب الأخرى فتبرز فيه أسرار لا يسوغ غض الطرف عنها، ولهذا يمكن أن تكون الدراسات في هذه الجوانب روافد لدراسة الإعجاز التشريعي في الأحكام عموما ـ البيئة وغيرها ـ، كما قد تسقي بجداولها الإعجاز العلمي، إذ ومضات الإعجازين تضيء نفس المواقع أحيانا.

Sharia approach:

Book included Aziz and the Sunnah of the Prophet PBUH at all what secrete a minimum of issues that inherits the universe is made up, but those issues two types some of which are stipulated in the law explicitly, and it inspired of evidence Tdaiv, Will environmental issues of batting first or second?

Akhal and the answer to the question must يعيه the reader before the Legislative goes miracles doors, all or jurisprudential Updates doors, because the answer is predominantly one imagine. Summed up: أن الشريعة نصت نصا قاطعا على قواعد عامة لا يسوغ المساس بها كحرمة الفساد في الأرض، وذكرت بعض التطبيقات العملية على هذه القاعدة، وكثير من تلك التطبيقات لا تتعدى حدود الظن، لكن يحصل القطع بالنص على القواعد العامة، ويزداد وهجا بتلك التطبيقات التي لا يتعدى بعضها الظن، لكن يمكن القياس عليها، وجانب العمل يستعان فيه بالأدلة التبعية مع الأدلة الأصلية، وفي بعض تلك التفصيلات قد يقع تباين وجهات نظر أهل العلم؛ لأنَّ الشارع فتح لهم نافذة الاجتهاد فيها.

The importance of achieving assigned in terms of the environment:

مع ما اشتمل عليه شرع الله من دقّة النظام، فإن هذا النظام يفتقر إلى مهارة في تنزيله إلى أرض الواقع، وهو ما يعرف عند الأصوليين بتحقيق المناط، وهو ضرورة ملحة تفرضها أحكام الشريعة، ويقتضيها التطور الإنساني، وكانت تطبيقات النبيّ صلعم نبراسا في تحقيق المناط، فما على من أراد تحقيق مناط شيء من الأحكام إلاّ الاستنارة بنبراسه u، مع تصور الواقع الذي يعيشه، والواقع قد تتشابك فيه قضايا متباينة، ويفتقر صاحبه إلى ملابسات متعددة، ولهذا قد يتعذر على الفقيه تحقيق مناط جملة من الأحكام إلا بعد النظر في كلام أهل الاختصاص، والبيئة من هذا القبيل، فصلاحها لا يتحقق إلا بنظر شرعي ممزوج ببعد تجريبي حتى تنزل الشريعة أرض الواقع، وهذا في كثير من الأحكام الدقيقة التي قد يتعسر إدراكها على غير المتخصصين فيها، بيد أن ثمة أحكاما يدركها غيرهم كحرمة التبذير وغيره.

Introductions of Sharia:

Begin Sharia its reform drive human mystery of humanity, setting his heart, and this feature on the laws of this world, which owns the corner things strongly Soljanaa, if receded Sultan strength faded regulations, unlike the Islamic Sharia It starts from the heart, and the motivation of procedure did not subside when the fading power of the state, or after ”The Magistrate Magistrate's whole body, although spoiled spoiled the whole body”.

The meaning of terms:

It is known that the judge branch thing about the unthinkable, but this has to be the perception of the meaning of terms title before going into the midst of the search, and title includes the four words, and words can be folded them, and only two words, a:

Meaning “Rules”: They are derived from “Sat” And linguistic shorthand for meaning, I recall what the content of the idiomatic meaning, came in the tongue: “And al-Qaeda out of the base and exponent rules and the rules of the house foundation, and Downloads: ﴿وَإِذْ يَرْفَعُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ الْقَوَاعِدَ مِنَ الْبَيْتِ وَإِسْمَاعِيلُ﴾([2]), And in it) God came to pieces of rules (([3]), Said glass: “Masters of construction rules that deliberately”([4]).

The terminological meaning foreknew scholars meet the definitions in their contents, although varied syntax; will have known Jarjaani saying: “College issue applicable to all fractions“([5]), And then share this definition definitions in its significance, and thus shows the brotherhood between on linguistic and terminological; as al-Qaeda as based on the edifice of many branches.

The law attributed to al-Shara of the Koran and the Sunnah, including the rules of Quranic and prophetic, what took place in orbit كالقواعد fundamentalism and jurisprudence and Streptococcus, and graduated rules status of various kinds, and in this context conjures jurisprudence without the other; because the jurisprudence throughout Specialties attached to the provisions of the environment and other.

Another meaning of the rules of legitimacy, which is: Pillars of knowledge derived from Sharia Koran and the Sunnah oriented behavior True, whether pillars intellectual or doctrinal or other, and perhaps this signified paste the subject of the environment, فلذا opted to draw my quest towards تجلية those pillars with care at the same time rules jurisprudence, and invoked when you need them collectively .

Meaning “Environment”: I knew the environment with multiple definitions of them, and the whole it is the ocean that surrounds the man and others, includes ate and drank and his home etc.”, Which is combined with the knowledge of the environment, has been known “That science looking organisms relationships with each other, and with the middle or the ocean where you live”, Branched off from this several branches of science, such as the science of plant ecology science of animal ecology science of human ecology.

It is intended to protect the environment maintained by the desecration and strive to تنقيها after desecration, it includes the prevention coverage for the treatment, and sponsors in both of which actually expected of them, and that maintaining the environmental components of natural and constructed in the cases of the planning and implementation of any project urban, industrial or other. And now we come to the crux of the matter Vencra God willing, in the statement of the rules and their role in the conservation of the environment.

College rules to protect the environment:

اشتملت الشريعة الربانية ـ بما أودع الله فيها من سرّ رباني يمخر بسفينة الهدى والصلاح والخير عباب الزمان والمكان ـ على قواعد أساسية تصون البيئة مما يكدر صفاءها، ولا تتقاطع في الوقت ذاته مع مصالح الإنسان المستخلف عليها، وهذه النظرة تمثل الطريق الوسط بين الإفراط والتفريط في تحديد المواقع، وفي ترتيب أوليات التعامل بين الناس وبيئاتهم، وحتى لا نسبح في عالم الخيال بعيدا عن أرض الواقع يجمل بنا أن ننظر في تحديد القواعد المحورية التي يقوم عليها بناء البيئة.

The law not only treatment theories fillings drain, but took into account the dimensions of the psychological and emotional relationship that connects the human to their land, Fozvha until there is motivation internal change; because Islam grows heart and its role in any amendment, as stated above, and this included the Holy Quran rules metaphysical, psychological and legislative, are all irrigate .

Here are some of those rules, with a note that I repeated some overlapping rules somewhat important, and even deny the possibility of it and be completed by Bahaa image, God willing,:

  • Sanctity of corruption in the land of various types: جاءت شرائع الأنبياء ـ عليهم الصلاة والسلام ـ لتصلح في الأرض وتجنب الناس الفساد وأسبابه، وقد قرر العلماء من قديم الزمان بأن مِمَّا اتفقت عليه الشرائع حفظ الدين والنفس والعقل والعرض والمال، وهي كما قررت ذلك حفظت الوسائل التي تكفل لها حفظ هذه المكنونات الغالية، والآيات القرآنية صريحة كلّ الصراحة في منع الفساد، والخطاب بحرمتها ما جاء خاصا بشريعة محمَّد صلعم، وَإِنَّمَا نادت حناجر الأنبياء قبله بحرمة ذلك، فالله تعالى حكى بعض نداءات الأنبياء؛ فمن ذلك ما حكاه عن شعيب في قوله جلّ شأنه: ) To owe their brother Shu'aib said O my people worship Allah you have no other god may جاءتكم aware from your Lord فأوفوا a double and not balance every people أشياءهم and mischief in the land after the repair is better for you if you are believers (([6]), And responded like it to the children of Israel, God said: ) Taking استسقى the Moses for his people, We said to smite thy rod stone exploded from twelve consciousness all the people who have learned مشربهم eat and drink provision from God nor mischief in the land spoilers (([7]), Reportedly forbidding the same for people who returned in Surat norms, and previously forbidding the children of Israel in the folds of Male grace drinking after an explosion eyes to Moses, u, and the context of the story back in carving houses and Shoaib in Hud and poets in the context of Thdhirém of wallow in the mud financial transactions are prohibited, and reportedly it also :

– Corruption of sin: Decide legal rules Almstakih springs texts that every sin erupt بمخالبها to ravage a thing of the bounties of the earth and spoil them, and this dimension is decided by many of the verses, which is seen in the Quranic verses sees corruption in various forms brings to his family shame, An Introduction decimation Nations God Almighty says: ) And if we are going to perish a hurry مترفيها village ففسقوا the right of the say destructive فدمرناها (([8]), And righteousness through a temple to her palm in the world before the Hereafter) if they set up the Torah and the Bible and what was revealed to them from their Lord, they ate from above them and from beneath their feet were frugal nation and many of them worsened working (([9]), And if you eat man from above and below, what hopes after that? : ﴿ وَلَوْ أَنَّ أَهْلَ الْقُرَى آمَنُواْ وَاتَّقَواْ لَفَتَحْنَا عَلَيْهِم بَرَكَاتٍ مِّنَ السَّمَاء وَالأَرْضِ وَلَكِن كَذَّبُواْ فَأَخَذْنَاهُم بِمَا كَانُواْ يَكْسِبُونَ﴾([10]), First nations this nation Quran.

  • The metaphysical effects of straightening: Muslim does not reap the fruit of righteousness in the Hereafter, but plucking ripe fruit in the world: ) And Alu walk aright, way to Osagenahm the water Gdakka * لِنَفْتِنَهُمْ فِيهِ وَمَن يُعْرِضْ عَن ذِكْرِ رَبِّهِ يَسْلُكْهُ عَذَاباً صَعَداً﴾([11]), He Menem Bastqamth the tormentor Baaradh, stipulated in the Holy Quran text on the general rules or remembrance of models that reflected where this promise.
  • Sanctity of extravagance Various types: Indeed, it is a form of corruption of sin, as wallow in extravagance is forbidden in the texts of the Qur'an and Sunnah, do not kill an animal only ate… It is ironic that some of the perceived lack of resources for the needs of humans Atmson the bounties of the earth and Abddunha maintain the price, with the order to raise their assets in banks, and starving nations, and tons of wheat thrown in deserts or in the seas, and lakes of spilled milk([12])، ومنع الإسراف ميزة شرعية تبقيها التصورات البشرية موزونة بالمصالح الدنيوية فحسب، فإن كان الإسراف لا يثقل كاهل صاحبه به فلا مانع منه، بخلاف النظرة الشرعية التي توصد أبواب الشرّ قبل استفحالها، ولهذا من حق الدولة ـ بل قد يكون من واجباتها ـ الحجر على المسرف والسفيه الذي لا يحسن التصرف في أمواله، وهو من مراعاة حق الأجيال اللاحقة في موارد الأرض، وهذا التحريم لا يقتصر دوره على وقت جفاف ينابيع الموارد، وَإِنَّمَا يحكم به حتى مع وفرتها. And wasteful grave damage the one hand, wastes resources, and the incompleteness shares Saeb in the heart of the ecological balance, in addition to other harms, on the other hand over waste; In America raises the individual's worth its weight in twenty times a year, and in France raises annually 750 A car, and 500 thousand cubic meters of idle appliances([13]). ومثل الكهرباء يكون في السيارات وفي غيرها من الأشياء.
  • Corruption wars: The law was committed to the morality of war and peace did Linbo قوسها about ethics in heightened emotions, and sought to spare the universe of corruption wars including enacted laws, and so he says: ﴿ وَقَاتِلُواْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللّهِ الَّذِينَ يُقَاتِلُونَكُمْ وَلاَ تَعْتَدُواْ إِنَّ اللّهَ لاَ يُحِبِّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ﴾([14])، فقبل الحرب ثمّ واجبات لا تتعدى وفي أثنائه أيضا، ومن ينظر في حروب النبيّ صلوات الله وسلامه عليه يتجلى له بوضوح سعيها للهداية لا للنكاية، فلهذا لم تتعد الأرواح التي أزهقت من طرفي المسلمين وخصومهم على ألف قتيل، نعم، وجد من ينتسب إلى الإسلام ونكص على عقبيه في التعامل مع خصومه في ميادين القتال، وذكر العلامة الدرجيني عن أحد أولئك الطواغيت وما عانته منه الأرض ومن عليها حتى أنّه أفسد في أفريقيا ثلاثين ألف قرية([15]).

What can be summarized characterized the Islamic outlook:

  • The law does not authorize only legitimate war: God Almighty did not authorize to His Prophet and the believers that start Osnthm about only after a period of time, and permission, but did not respond to a holy war where “There is no god but Allah” Approach to raise the sword and put, which is the opposite of ignorance-driven wars aspects of the self is full of malice and hatred, and that is the Almighty says: ﴿وَقَالَتِ الْيَهُودُ يَدُ اللّهِ مَغْلُولَةٌ غُلَّتْ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَلُعِنُواْ بِمَا قَالُواْ بَلْ يَدَاهُ مَبْسُوطَتَانِ يُنفِقُ كَيْفَ يَشَاء وَلَيَزِيدَنَّ كَثِيرًا مِّنْهُم مَّا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِن رَّبِّكَ طُغْيَانًا وَكُفْرًا وَأَلْقَيْنَا بَيْنَهُمُ الْعَدَاوَةَ وَالْبَغْضَاء إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ كُلَّمَا أَوْقَدُواْ نَارًا لِّلْحَرْبِ أَطْفَأَهَا اللّهُ وَيَسْعَوْنَ فِي الأَرْضِ فَسَادًا وَاللّهُ لاَ يُحِبُّ الْمُفْسِدِينَ﴾([16]).
  • Prevention of torture by fire: It is well known that sparks أوار the tribulations that spoil in the ground but Yuri Znadha, the fire in various types فالقنابل and a number of missiles because they contain the fire, and this Prophet PBUH forbade torture by fire, he said, u: «I commanded you that Thrkoa Flana and Flana fire, but the fire does not punish them but God, the Okhztmoheme the Vaguetloheme, though scholars passed nothing of it, in some cases Those conditions are limited to the case of having([17]), And was referred to you, dear reader, decent comparison between these concepts and principles and the fire that broke out due to wars erupt claims of the war on terror([18]).
  • What resulted from the reform of corruption in the budget wars, according to the law: الحروب خصوصا في هذه الآونة بعد ما اكتشفت أسلحة الدمار الشامل والأسلحة النووية التي قد يبيد القليل منها أمما، ويهلك الحرث والنسل هذه الوسائل تعم الأرجاء في أثرها، فقد قيل بأن الخليج تأثرت تأثرا بالغا بالمخلفات من حرب الخليج الأولى والثانية وما تلاها، ولم يقتصر أثر ذلك على العراق وحدها التي نكبت النكبة الأليمة بسبب الاحتلال الأمريكي، وإنما عمت ما حولها من الأقطار، ولعل من مظاهر ذلك أن انتشرت الأوبئة في الخليج كله، ومن ذلك مرض السرطان الفتاك، وهذه الآثار لا تقتصر على هذا الجيل وحده بل تشمل الأجيال والأعقاب من بعدهم، وما إلقاء القنبلتين الذريتين في هروشيما ونجازاكي منا ببعيد؛ إذ شمل ضررهما الأجيال المتلاحقة إلى الآن وما زالت اليابان تعاني من ذلك، فانتقل الأثر إلى الأجيال اللاحقة، وعد من مكونات الخصائص الوراثية “Alkromzumat”
  • Avoid damaging who has nothing to do because of the war: It is noteworthy that Napoleon said when he destroyed a safe city: “I'm not a preacher, but my job to notch banners France, has done so”, It was shrugged off with blood that have been spilled and lives lost, but also touted to achieve than whatever their and means Islamic law prohibits all, it does not justify that claim the same person for an offense other, God Almighty says: ﴿قُلْ أَغَيْرَ اللّهِ أَبْغِي رَبًّا وَهُوَ رَبُّ كلّ شَيْءٍ وَلاَ تَكْسِبُ كُلّ نَفْسٍ إِلاَّ عَلَيْهَا وَلاَ تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ وِزْرَ أُخْرَى ثُمَّ إِلَى رَبِّكُم مَّرْجِعُكُمْ فَيُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمْ فِيهِ تَخْتَلِفُونَ﴾([19]), Though the context of the verse in eschatological penalty but utilized mildly from their systems, and the prohibition on assault evidence, which is illustrated by the commandment friend t.
  • Maintaining the components of the environment: Premium Lord legislation, although the previous environmental conditions and conditions radically different from the scenes in locations these days, but nonetheless found significant gestures us to open up prospects for Muslims know how to deal with the environment? : “…Tahedmoa not allegiance nor Ngrkoa the نخلا not Thrkoa planting nor beast Tgsdoa nor cut themselves a fruitful tree…”([20])This commandment dealing with extreme care to the environment, and order these soldiers if they were confronted mortal enemy of my father submissiveness to the rule of God to ruin in the land of the enemy; because war does not justify their corruption on earth, P”Originally in the end, that does not justify the means”, And this care include components of the natural environment and built, Vtam short with it the home of worship يجافي the teachings of the true religion, and on the trees worked by human or not, as her sanctity in the perception of legitimacy, and include animals this simple, too, although we do not mean that the sanctity of cut : ) What قطعتم of soft or left standing on their leave of Allah, and shame the rebellious (([21]), And this is very hitched including necessitated cutting) and confound the folk (and, if care was legitimate conditions include war Almqtadhah to the intensity and rigor of the Muslim turn off the spigot from slipping into the sludge reckless behavior, how to justify during peace without the presence of motives to those acts?

ووصية الصديق t كانت غرة في جبين الدهر، واستمر الفقهاء في متابعته على ذلك، ومن ذلك ما نجده عند الإمام الصلت بن مالك t من الوصايا البالغة التي تحضّ على حسن مراعاة البيئة لوصيته لجنده عندما سيرهم لتحرير سقطراء من أيدي النصارى… This will also be in the war of the infidels is in a war of Muslims from fortiori, therefore, we find Imam Abu discourse Almaafra t when the killer parents and Rfjovernm and free people from the Tothm not paid his victory to spoil anything landmarks environment; until that woman when she saw a crowd of Mhaest after : “As if they were asleep”, And Male Shammakhi story in “Walking” I follow by saying: “And went out to Zruahm of, if they are as they were not located where corruption and does not harm people or livestock people marveled Justice Abu speech and his obedience to his companions”([22]), And if these directives are necessary in a society that does not have a means Tafra the crust of the environment, how after he burrowed Dharam and other chemical weapons… Because these new methods in some cases when they are not disciplined ethics controls, not constrained by Shara lead to corruption in the earth, and overshadowing harm in some cases on their utility.

In order to maintain the various forms remind each:

in Prevent what leads to damage to nature: Remember Journal “Now”: That Moyes Forest California breathe a sigh of relief at the end of the tourist season, which suffers from trampling on the roots of trees, stumps or touching her, or soil compaction بوطء foot, making the absorption of water and nutrients difficult([23]), And this may be a solution in law, came to talk about the Prophet PBUH: From Abu Obeida Jabir bin Zaid said: I heard the Messenger of Allah PBUH he forbade walk in transplantation, said: «Do not walk where only three: Legs or Naekaya or, protective». Said spring: Defensive Hafez, Naqa: Hay that comes out of it”([24]), This falls under the base: “Damage remains“, And”Do no harm“.

in Prevent tampering citizen goods overlying Nations: Therefore decided to group of scholars that the resources of the public good does not enter into the possession of the individual property, but some of them stated that he does not fall under the ownership of the state as well as other, and in that great scholar Shaksy: “The big rivers, such as the Tigris and the Euphrates and the Nile, it is not permissible to sell originally; because it does not make them the property”([25]), And the extension of the brand more broadly Subki in his fatwas, he said: “إن الأَنْهَارَ الْمَذْكُورَةَ وَمَجَارِيهَا الْعَامَّةَ لَيْسَتْ مَمْلُوكَةً، بَلْ هِيَ مُبَاحَةٌ لَا يَجُوزُ لِأَحَدٍ تَمَلُّكُهَا وَأَمَّا وَقْفٌ عَلَى جَمِيعِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَلَا شَكَّ أَنَّ الْأَنْهَارَ الْكِبَارَ كَالنِّيلِ وَالْفُرَاتِ مُبَاحَةٌ كَمَا صَرَّحَ بِهِ الْفُقَهَاءُ فِي كُتُبِهِمْ، وَلَا يَجُوزُ تَمَلُّكُ شَيْءٍ مِنْهَا بِالْإِحْيَاءِ وَلَا بِالْبَيْعِ مِنْ بَيْتِ الْمَالِ وَلَا بِغَيْرِهِ، وَكَذَلِكَ حَافَّاتُهَا الَّتِي يَحْتَاجُ عُمُومُ النَّاسِ إلَى الِارْتِفَاقِ بِهَا لأَجْلِهَا”([26]), That is to say an impact in the practical field, as it reduces the Department of manipulation and compete for possession of those lands, and sell and so on, all expected to pay for damage.

in Quarantine and the establishment of reserves It also will come, God willing,.

Sharia fingerprints in the industry

v بصمات الشريعة على الصناعة حتى تكون هذه الصناعة منسجمة مع مبادئ الدين، وحتى تحقق المبتغى منه؛ فأولا: We find factories and we find elements of modern discoveries have influenced this effect of.

-Corruption factories: يسّر الله على عباده سبيل تحقيق مبتغاهم بما أنتجته العقول المفكرة وطبقته الأيدي العاملة من الصناعات بمختلف مشاربها، وهي نعمة تتطلب شكرا لا كفرا، نعمة من الله جلاء، لكن هذه النعمة لا يمكن أن تستخدم في غير ما وضعت لأجله، بيد أن كثيرا من الصناعات والمصانع حادت عن غايتها في إسعاد الإنسان، وَإِنَّمَا كانت سبعا ينشب مخالبه في الطبيعة ـ والإنسان جزء لا ينفصل عنها يعاني لمعاناتها ـ ولمخلفاتها تأثير بالغ على الإنسان والبيئة معا، وبعض الدول المتقدمة ترمي مخلفات صناعتها ـ وبعضها يندرج ضمن المخلفات الخطرة ـ في الدول الفقيرة مع العلم بمنع ذلك وفق القوانين الدولية، فهي تهلك الحرث والنسل في البيئة الفقيرة، ولا تقبل المعاملة بالمثل في ذلك؛ لأنَّها تنظر إلى البيئة على أنها منفعة شخصية تحقق لها هي بنفسها، ومن العجيب أن المصانع التي تجتاز حدودها القانونية في الإضرار بالبيئة تشتري حصّة مصانع أخرى من دول نامية في نسبة تلك المخالفات([27]), And do not consider the conditions of other nations, and this relates to the rules of the commission lesser of two evils, and to provide pay corrupting to bring stakeholders, and the jurisprudence of the overall budgets.

And characterized by Sharia in all of this so:

  • That Sharia to the industry to consider it a blessing from God Thank you does not require disbelief), the children of Israel km tuberculosis given them from verse aware and alter the grace of God, after it came to him, Allah is severe in punishment (([28]), Himself a guarantee for the industry to walk on the right path, and emphasizes the need for us to evoke the blessings Almighty to 50% Of scientists and engineers are involved in one way or another in the arms race([29]).
  • حرمة إلقاء مخلفات المصانع في الدول الأخرى; Because the law respects the land of the enemy; they owned the real God) Moses said to his people seek help in Allah and be patient The God يورثها land of His servants and the consequence for the righteous (([30]), Although the major powers were calculated for this case calculated for the lack of pollution significantly.
  • With Exhorted Building land law ) Is أنشأكم of and استعمركم land (which requires brainstorming and Lori trigger vigor but that does not justify the attack on the ground, it is tied to a conclusion verse) Fastgvrōh the then repent to The Lord is close to Mujib (([31]).
  • That the law deprives the industry that corrupts on earth, Depriving smoking and its industry, and all the spoil, and”It means the rule of purposes”, And this includes the taboo that was forcibly lead people to.
  • Sanctity of changing God's creation: Del says: ﴿وَلآمُرَنَّهُمْ فَلَيُغَيِّرُنَّ خَلْقَ اللّهِ﴾([32]) The machinations of the devil, and that المتكفل trying hard to blur the creation of God at the invitation of responding to the appeal of all change, and the verse not only forbidden for a change, but indicated that an invitation satanic took Needle devil himself, and in that call faith to avoiding him, and the general falls… Can not be confused between what is good, and not verse against the creativity and innovation of bright minds, but they are paid corruption produced minds.
  • Rights Mstkhalaf in the universe and trusted him: The succession divine word came Aivana the meaning of the angels before the creation of human Abu Adam u, God Almighty said: ) Your Lord said to the angels, I will create in the ground Khalifa said أتجعل of spoil and shed blood and we praise praise be and cherish you said I know what you do not know (([33]), And God gave the land to his successor therein; because the land is the focus of his succession, though human power to exploit beyond Earth; because God is mocked him the universe in all of its components as we shall see, God willing, then the requirements of this succession must be invoked even manifested relationship between man and the universe, which .
  • A good relationship between the universe and man: Islamic concept connects between man and the universe more closely, but this says, after mentioning Adam to exit this simple: ﴿ قَالَ فِيهَا تَحْيَوْنَ وَفِيهَا تَمُوتُونَ وَمِنْهَا تُخْرَجُونَ﴾([34]), And that a comprehensive law for all human beings because it is written down light recipes for the origin of humans and Wife to include his first term, and others, also said in the context of the story of Moses with Pharaoh the tyrant of his time: ﴿مِنْهَا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ وَفِيهَا نُعِيدُكُمْ وَمِنْهَا نُخْرِجُكُمْ تَارَةً أُخْرَى ﴾([35]), And this extends vertically to include the lives of all of humanity from the era of Adam to inherit the universe consisting of life and death and missions, and extends streak horizontally to prevail hemisphere Boqtarha and their homelands whatever diverged, and the length of harmony making cells of the universe feel deeply the link between them and the believer, God Almighty says in David: ﴿يَا جِبَالُ أَوِّبِي مَعَهُ وَالطَّيْرَ وَأَلَنَّا لَهُ الْحَدِيدَ﴾([36]), And the depth of the link between them, scientists have confirmed some of the nature of inanimate objects proportion of feeling and God knows what they have said but if true it may exhibit the Prophet PBUH: «A mountain loves us and we love, and in the modern bearing the words of the scholars([37]); Because the discoveries that proved to have been outweighed by Zaher([38]), Has discussed some aspects of contemporary feeling in inanimate objects… Said Detective Al-Khalili:

أعاينُ تسبيحي بنـــورِ جــنــاني فأشهدُ مني ألفَ ألفِ لســــان

وكلُ لسان أجتلي من لُــغــاتِه إذا ألفُ ألفٍ من غريب أغاني

ويهدى إلى سمعي بكل لُــغــية هدى ألفِ ألفٍ من شتيت معاني

وفي كلّ معنى ألفُ ألفِ عجيبة يقصر عن إحصائها الثقـــــلان

ولم أذكر الأعداد إلا إشــــارة كأني في أوصاف ميططراني([39])

This is not only on the side of harmony, but harmony and love is not limited to this side, but because the insurer to consider all the elements exist because they are a sign of God Almighty Great; God Almighty says: ﴿وَفِي الْأَرْضِ آيَاتٌ لِّلْمُوقِنِينَ وَفِي أَنفُسِكُمْ أَفَلَا تُبْصِرُونَ﴾([40])When he turns the consideration of the left and right sighting of the verses of God reflected in selves and prospects, so we find God in his book proves the most important religious beliefs including selves and in the prospects says most would in that: ﴿وَإِلَهُكُمْ إِلَهٌ وَاحِدٌ لاَّ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الرَّحْمَنُ الرَّحِيمُ﴾([41])Then he said afterwards saying some of the components of the environment that indicate the oneness of God, and lead at most would بالألوف said: ﴿إِنَّ فِي خَلْقِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَاخْتِلاَفِ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ وَالْفُلْكِ الَّتِي تَجْرِي فِي الْبَحْرِ بِمَا يَنفَعُ النَّاسَ وَمَا أَنزَلَ اللّهُ مِنَ السَّمَاء مِن مَّاء فَأَحْيَا بِهِ الأرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا وَبَثَّ فِيهَا مِن كُلّ دَآبَّةٍ وَتَصْرِيفِ الرِّيَاحِ وَالسَّحَابِ الْمُسَخِّرِ بَيْنَ السَّمَاء وَالأَرْضِ لآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُونَ﴾([42]).

  • The exploitation of the riches of the universe: Open God to man broad prospects to swim in the midst, and confirms that clearly saying most would: ) Is created for you all that is in the earth (([43]), Not only to open Rehab bounties of land بسهولها and mountains, but it rained a barrage of bounties of heaven([44])In the previous verse sympathy on so Astewaah to heaven, he said: ) Then turned to the heaven, and fashioned the seven heavens, a knowledge of all things (([45])Is enrollment “You” The second sentence comprehensive coverage of the first sentence? ([46]), Although the significance of this Committee is a possibility, God made the remarks in saying most would: ) And subjected to you what is in the heavens and on earth, all of it in that are Signs for those who reflect (([47]), Vhal “What” In the sky Like “What” In the earth geared to this rights, المتعاطفات of here, such as vocabulary can not be laid off from one under “You”, And enabled him to prospects in search of what may achieve his ambition scientific In addition to the physical benefits unless they spoil, and God made the purposes of human survival in the colonization of the universe he says: ﴿هُوَ أَنشَأَكُم مِّنَ الأَرْضِ وَاسْتَعْمَرَكُمْ فِيهَا فَاسْتَغْفِرُوهُ ثُمَّ تُوبُواْ إِلَيْهِ إِنَّ رَبِّي قَرِيبٌ مُّجِيبٌ﴾([48]), Colonialism includes architecture sensual and moral, as well as take advantage of scientific move the beholder in the theater of the universe to understand recipes maker, and Islam do not swim in a fantasy world, do not turn the page on the needs of the people, but instruct them to exploration in the coffers of the universe meet those needs, he Evaln monastic which I wore dresses religions ([49]) And the other, from the reality of religion, but that does not achieve the desired benefits only by invoking the adequacy of the bounties of the earth; since man may exaggerate the استلال the are able to do envisaged to attract good things do not meet the requirements.
  • Bounties of the earth enough: Then the actions carried out by those with physical ambitions in search of other resources; because they fear that shrinking circle, and raised multiple scenarios have them adopted by the perception Malthus and walked on his knee, which is that resources do not meet the needs of all human beings, because resources increase Bmtoagliat of the numerical (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and so on), While the population getting Bmtoagliat the geometric (1, 2, 4, 8, 16, and so on) ([50]), With that religious texts clearly decided that the good things wretchedness in the earth from the sky, he says: ) And sent down water from the sky as much Vosknah in the ground and I am able to withdraw it (([51])And, if a sufficient amount of water فقدر الأقوات meet the needs of human beings, God Almighty says: ) And as much sustenance in four days (([52]), And appreciation glorified as far as is known) I'm all have created as much (([53]) How not a wise Alim, and this is the introduction of many who advocate population crisis and انفجارهم treatment in what they say and this does not reduce the circle of human activity to take advantage of the earth, but Algmeh بلجام led to deal with it do not suffer from human.
  • Salah Earth: God created the earth is not valid marred by corruption, and that is mentioned in the context of the Prevention of Corruption confirm validity He says the: ﴿بَعدَ إِصْلاَحِهَا﴾ في موطنين بالأعراف، ولا تقوى المخلوقات البسيطة التي فيها على إفسادها؛ لأنّ الله سيرها بما يتلاءم مع البيئة، بحيث تنتفع من البيئة منه وينال حظه من الانتفاع منها، حتى النباتات التي لا تعمل فيها يد الإنسان تأخذ من تربة الأرض وتعوضها تعويضا عادلا، بحيث لا ينقص ذرة من المواد العضوية بتلك التربة لسنّة التبادل بين هذه الكائنات، وهكذا بالنسبة للحيوان فكل شيء خلق بقدر، وكلّ نبات أثمر ثمرا موزونا، وكلمة الصلاح هنا تخط أنامل العقول والعلوم بشتى أنواعها حروف شرحها ولا توفيها حقها؛ لأنَّ الصلاح يشمل ذرات التربة والحجارة والنبات والطبقات الجوية وغيرها، وجميع ذلك لا تمحى مظاهر صلاحه إلا بفساد الإنسان، ولا يقتصر فساده على موطن سكناه، بل تئن من وطأته أسماك البحر ﴿ ظَهَرَ الْفَسَادُ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ أَيْدِي النَّاسِ لِيُذِيقَهُم بَعْضَ الَّذِي عَمِلُوا لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ﴾([54]), And subsequent point increase his clarification.
  • All of the sanctity of the land: Evidence confirms that the legitimacy of any land even the sanctity of the land of the enemy, even when the intensification of the flames of the battles, but this does not justify blur landmarks and desecration of riches, and this friend said t: “Ngrkoa not نخلا not Thrkoa planting nor beast Tgsdoa nor cut themselves a fruitful tree” As previously…, At the commandment of Imam Salt bin Malik يستوقف the reader even that for يخال in rooting precise legal of the human Nakthen of the era are not in a position to talk commander of Hamas is trying to inflame his soldiers to launch the raid on them([55]), Jurists have stated that the enemy as not to damage the animals except for the need to, a Mstq of modern: «Does not kill the animal except for his food, as well as for the plant, but if necessary, there is nothing wrong in it, which was announced by saying most would: ) What قطعتم of soft or left standing on their leave of Allah, and shame the rebellious (([56]), It is permissible to confound the adulterers, and what its significance Are private polytheists; because the word of Tawheed Commission saves money plunder and booty, but if necessitated by the need is not no way to escape it ساغ, and God knows, and no more, and this Evaln Islamic concept looks capitalism that receive waste in poor countries Vttgra Gssa .
  • The accuracy of the order of nature: God made nature which created the universe متصفة balance between resources and expenditure, so to expression Vlhma not dominated by them at the expense of others, but this story of races and increasing rather be in accordance with the wisdom of minutes does not violate this law, but this says: ﴿وَالأَرْضَ مَدَدْنَاهَا وَأَلْقَيْنَا فِيهَا رَوَاسِيَ وَأَنبَتْنَا فِيهَا مِن كلّ شَيْءٍ مَّوْزُونٍ﴾([57]) عجائب التربة وما بعدها، بل لا يقتصر الأمر على الأحوال الطبيعية بل البرق الذي يأخذ البصر وقد يحرق المدن يجود بالنيتروجين على حسب احتياج المناطق بدقة أبدعها الحكيم الخبير، فجاءت في تلافيف البرق المرعب، وكون الطبيعة بهذه الدقة العجيبة لابد أن يقف العالم بجميع تخصصات ذويه وقوف التلميذ أمام التربة ودقة نظامها والبرق وأهدافه، والنبات وأسراره حتى يأخذ تصوره من مصدر معتبر، ويحاول أن يساير النظام الكوني في تعامله معه([58]), Has shred Khalili investigator when he said:

فكانت جميع الكائنات مصاحفا لهم تهب السر المصون المكتما([59])

  • Learning from animals: Do not stop at learning from inanimate objects in the system, but the world stands as well as without the student parking in front of the philosophers of the animal, and in this sense the image of God Almighty when he said: ) Recreate God grappa looking at the ground to show him how his brother buried bad as said, يلتا, incapacitated to be like this crow Voara bad as my brother became of النادمين (([60]), Although the verse brought together vilified son on Tmargh in mud blood, but did not criticize the use of crow, but the law necessitated bury the dead under the soil, but may be said that the verse referred to bug Moarah, is the presence of السوءات, wherever they are, burial appearance of one of the manifestations … But that led burial to corruptive cleared land them, as is the case in some chemicals…
  • Protection races: Indicated rabbinic law on the protection of species, but this was the Lord's command to Noah u at a time Ahoket the darkness and persisted when episodes of adversity, God Almighty when he said depicts: ) Even if ordered and came var enlightenment we carry two of every kind and your family, but already it safe to say it (([61]),) If ordered and came var oven Vaslk the two of every kind and your family, but it already say them (([62])”, فنوح u at a difficult time between the irony of his people and waiting for the flood made ship safety order Rabbo, psychological oppression works done in the same, and that Noah does not need to adjust the ship can accommodate this huge number of animals, فشتان between the ship enough for a small number of believers text of the Holy Quran “Donkey” He must search for them, and this rule applies to all animals; because it “اِحمِل” Requires research and”What is not to be, but it is the duty of” That مخاطب carry what you need from drink and food; because it requires doing what does not check very matter without it, and here is not achieved very act only by taking the means of the safety of these animals until they reach safety in peace, and then take Alhawwager between predators and predation from animals… Remember Top sex but do it who do not know, has stated scholar Muhammad bin Apostle story pulls the beholder, and its conclusion: That some of the fools in Abu Marwan army burned to the children role الجلندى Fadtrmt on fire, and the beasts of the role cow and other Vndb the same one of the soldiers to save the animals, was his robe Whipple and his body with water and then pass the perils of fire, to cut ropes beasts even Tnjua the sight itself([63]), Did not mention that none of the scholars denied he did, with those who line Berall this story of scholars, did not deny this act, but denied what he saw raking said debt from infringement burning houses after defeating the enemy, if ساغ save the same animal exposing its owner for some
  • · Biting tightly on scientific principles: It is one of the most important pillars of succession, but this yet verse succession Male God Adam preference on angels enable it to him from the corner of science, he says: ) And taught Adam all the names and then display angels said أنبئوني, the names of these if ye are truthful * They Glorified we are not aware, but what you taught us that you Alim Hakim * قَالَ يَا آدَمُ أَنبِئْهُم بِأَسْمَآئِهِمْ فَلَمَّا أَنبَأَهُمْ بِأَسْمَآئِهِمْ قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُل لَّكُمْ إِنِّي أَعْلَمُ غَيْبَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَأَعْلَمُ مَا تُبْدُونَ وَمَا كُنتُمْ تَكْتُمُونَ﴾([64]) ، ﴿ وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلاَئِكَةِ اسْجُدُواْ لآدَمَ فَسَجَدُواْ إِلاَّ إِبْلِيسَ أَبَى وَاسْتَكْبَرَ وَكَانَ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ ﴾([65]), And science is not limited to only the meanings of the names, but the means and knowledge to know what their results and harms.
  • Jurisprudence alternatives: Since God created the human being is in the heavens and on earth, all of it has pleased him ways of available alternatives, and it was the Holy Quran and Sunnah on its owner the best blessings and purer delivery are open mind on the mysteries of the universe, and Imkran by billows of its components, if not benefit certain substances in the solution .
  • Hygiene: An essential component of religion has nominally Streptococcus addition to the doctrinal dimension, Vtabdna clearing houses of God, and the Khalil Rahman Ibrahim u the job himself the best way possible, God Almighty يخاطبه, saying: ﴿أَن لَّا تُشْرِكْ بِي شَيْئًا وَطَهِّرْ بَيْتِيَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَالْقَائِمِينَ وَالرُّكَّعِ السُّجُودِ﴾([66])And, if God chose to mistress u there is no doubt of His Holiness the task, and participate in this job holy son carcass Ismail) Taking us home Mathaba people, secure and taken from the Maqam Ibrahim Chapel and covenant to Abraham and Ishmael to purification home for طائفين and Akvan and الركع prostration (([67]), But it portends some pious bringing their children as a sacrifice to serve God houses including cleanliness, and thus our religion Evaln the religious perceptions that longer Purity offense not Atdens Abed, and thus contradicted their religion encroachment of God that mankind, and the sections: Purity of the body… And other. The law dealt with aspects of the environment, and the most important start of Nnzerha we find that the law ordered hygiene and urged them, the believer must be clean Mtcefa hygiene in the same Mtcefa in his robe, Mtcefa in his home Mtcefa in place of prayer and worship) and cleanse my house to طائفين…﴾([68]), Valtharh basis for the believer «God is beautiful and loves beauty Tayyip loves good, must be الاتصاف the hygiene at all, and this cleanses the rights and prevents the spread of epidemics and diseases, said Sheikh Suleiman Pasha, Baroni in his will for pilgrims: “…And looked after hygiene in Moklkm and Musharpkm, Mlbiskm and Mskinkm and أبدانكم; the prevention of diseases, God willing, and 'Cleanliness is next to godliness, but yourselves you right Vhafezoha from everything back the damage, not damaged from dirt… God condom”([69])These ethics form a fence to deal with the sensory and moral purity in his homeland and in the other, especially in crowded places. The text Sheikh Shammakhi on a bright picture for hygiene-sensitive society and embodied in the reality of his life, he said from the area “Tgdat”: “And income any Tgdat operating to صنهاجة and seen frequent Aezzabh and frequent creation and tight position, I think they desecrate Earth Balkhala and compost, He toured and around which did not accrue something which you hate eye By the same Taabh, he said, extending his hand with his sword: “What people are afraid only of this or of God, it means that the sword is not this place, and stop them, but the fear of God”, And they were digging and bury their needs, It literature Altbad and drilling and burial”([70]), And follow it to avoid entering gardens surrounded by others, and the depth of the hole that used to eliminate the need for so as not to implement them smell hurt القاعد, the said: “And smelled harm hemorrhoids”I do not know achieved in terms of scientific or not, but look deep into Purity purity of the soil and purity of air so as not troubled صفاءه that smell and its importance has been explained that the burial and a means to bury السوءات, have realized jurists importance of hygiene, Hence he said spring hatred : I've seen some people do not pronounces water which Eetmdamad in Falaj([71]), And if istinja and spitting and Altamadamad It is noteworthy fineness Falaj (Little River) How including defile fact the or Adnasseh of harmful substances, and the importance of cleaning jurists decided Falaj same stream, so they stipulated king earths between them that the water table was constructed building it must not be left to enter the capacity of the بتنقيته of شوائبه.
  • Reverence for the task of cleansing: ليست هذه المهمة مُحتقرة في دين الله تعالى، بل هي وظيفة مقدّسة نيطت بأنبياء الله تعالى وأوليائه، وهذا يباين التصور القابع على كثير من الأذهان بحقارة هذه المهام حتى ينظر إلى ذويها نظر ازدراء واحتقار، ولذلك أثر بالغ على العامل في هذا الحقل، إذ يطير صاحب هذه الوظيفة فرحا بنيل الثواب منها قبل حضوته بنيل أجرته في التصور الإسلامي، ولهذا يخلص لمهمته ولا يكبل تفكيره فيها بقيود الضيق الذي يحاصر فكره دون الإبداع، ويسوقه للبحث عن فرص للانتقال.
  • Considered beauty in nature: God confirmed in the pages of his book that the universe was created in the image looked great aesthetic, God Almighty Human Male said it: ) O, O man, what Greco Holy Lord * The creation Fssoak Fdlk (([72]) , Said at the stars: ) I adorned adornment minimum heaven planets (([73])And this Lemuel animal beauty Aloagam says the most would, after mentioning the creation of cattle, which is the most human dealings with animals: ﴿ وَلَكُمْ فِيهَا جَمَالٌ حِينَ تُرِيحُونَ وَحِينَ تَسْرَحُونَ﴾، وأكد في السياق ذاته أن الزينة غاية من غايات الخلق فقال بعد ذلك: ﴿وَالْخَيْلَ وَالْبِغَالَ وَالْحَمِيرَ لِتَرْكَبُوهَا وَزِينَةً وَيَخْلُقُ مَا لاَ تَعْلَمُونَ ﴾([74]), And the mountains how many colors to this same end, in addition to it is the manifestation of God's creativity in the making diversity a verse from the verses: ) Have you not seen that Allah sends down water from the sky Vokrzina fruits of different colors and new mountains and red eggs of various colors and intense blacks (([75]), And this beauty includes earth atoms God Almighty says: ) I made what on earth it's Accessories (([76]); Because “What” Switched here([77]) Commons formats, and this strapped Balaptla adornment) to Nblohm the Which one is best in (([78])، فأداء حقها واجب ديني، ومراعاة أصل الجمال مطلوب، ومن ينظر يبحث عن الجمال، وكثير من الناس لا ينشد الجمال في الطبيعة ويتصور جمال سكناه أو مكتبه أو غيره عندما يباين الطبيعة الأصلية التي خلقت عليها تلك الأشياء، ولهذا قد يطمس معالمها بسوء صنيعه معها، والجمال يدفع الناس إلى المحافظة على مكونات الجمال الذي أبدعه الله تعالى، وعلى تنوعه إذ ذاته يعد مظهرا تتجلى فيه الإبداع الرباني حسب طاقة العقل البشري في الإدراك، وذلك كله يدفع الإنسان إلى أن يشد يدا حتى بذلك الجمال، ولكن الجمال وإن كان مقصدا ـ لاسيما إن اعتبر أن “Accessories” In the verse: ) I made what on earth it's Accessories (([79]) Effect for as احتمله scientists express([80]) Does not justify that prevents the use of people's wealth of the land under the pretext Remember beauty, and sought some countries to preserve their heritage to prevent the people of those areas of the construction of their children, which they own again, and the owners of those properties are affected, and that if they are to governments that they should compensate atomiser even higher damage .

Not only legal rules that inhaled fragrant texts on the field of emotional or psychological impact exceeded in order to correct mind Mhaa in consideration to the environment, but also created the introductions that correct its course in the application as well, and here some lines Introductions jurisprudence referred to by legal texts, And outlined in the following:

  • Connectivity rules fundamentalism: It is known that the construction idiosyncratic built edifice on the rules of fundamentalism, but if we look at the rules fundamentalism manifested our impact on the conduct jurisprudence of the environment, and for this we find rules fundamentalism pivotal base dam excuses, one of the rules of the reserve mission, if conducted at the end of his command to evil .
  • Open the doors of ijtihad in preserving the environment: God wisest book) Balance book tightened verses then separated from the presence of a wise expert (([81]), Among the manifestations of its provisions Almighty for his book that made him encompassing a multifaceted to signify, and many of the details of the provisions not provided for his Almighty nor years Nabih صلعم, but referred to the initial command to Amanoa consideration, and also decided to scholars that “The disposal of the flock entrusted Imam interest“([82])It seems that the rule can not shorten the imam alone; because the state administration, especially at this time can not be managed governments only device management strength to carry the Secretariat entrusted on his shoulders, intervened in the decisions of legislative bodies and executive all as long as Mimma towards the interests of the prestigious legitimately.
  • Sharia laws have the corner before the prey hearts فتستطيع أن تسيرها كما قدمنا، وإذا تملكت القلوب تبعتها الجوارح، ومن ينظر في السور المكية ـ والقرآن كله شفاء ـ يجدها معنية بالدرجة الأولى بتصفية القلب من الشوائب، بينما القوانين الأخرى فقوتها بقوة صولجان دُوَلِها، فإذا ضعفت رقابة الأجهزة الإدارية أو زالت هيبتها تبخرت قوانينها التطبيقية، وإن بقت مرسومة في دفاترها، ولهذا نجد كثيرا من الدول الغربية ـ مع أن قوانينها تمنع الجناية على البيئة ـ تسعى للتخلص من نفاياتها في دول أخرى لا قوانينها لا تجرم ذلك، أو لا سلطة لها على تطبيق قوانينها على الدول القوية، مع أن التخلص من النفايات برميها في الدول الأخرى ممنوع دوليا، وبذلك يجمع بين امتصاص خيرات تلك الدول من ناحية وطمس مقومات الحياة فيها بإفساد بيئتها من ناحية أخرى، وإذا كانت الدول المطالبة بفرض النظام العالمي الوحيد تسعى للتخلص من قبض هذا النظم نفسه عندما تراه يكبل مصالحها الشخصية، وهذه صورة فضيعة من صور الأنانية الممنوعة في الإسلام، وقد تقدم أن الإسلام يحرم الفساد حتى في أرض العدو إبان الحرب، فكيف بتعاليمه حال السلم؟ وهذا كما يكون في الدول يكون في الأفراد من باب أولى فمن لم يستشعر المراقبة، وقصة عامل صنهاجة مع أهلِ “Tgdat” Confirms what we say, and in return, opposite images of many contemporaries who tolerate in sewer systems and other urgent needs of the community such systems.
  • The law does not criminalize except in accordance with the prescribed material, While criminalizing Islam and that there was no clear material Mansosh and directly, but criminalizes because both انضوى under Muharram rule applies, therefore, said the Caliph Omar bin Abdul Aziz t: “Talked to people districts as much أحدثوا of debauchery”([83]), So that invented a way to blur the bounties of the environment in positive law bless the criminal act to the enactment of the criminal prohibition of an actor.
  • The establishment of nature reserves: The legislative outlook for the maintenance of rights and needs, فلذا created what could be called”Nature Reserves”, In Mecca and Medina, and the text of the Koran on some photos of prevention, he says: ) O ye who believe, do not kill and you are fishing campus and kill him you deliberate فجزاء like what killed blessings…﴾([84]), Confirmed this sense Mustafa PBUH speech on the conquest of Mecca: «This country is forbidden by God on the creation of the heavens and the earth is haram the sanctity of God, do not reinforce thorn nor alienate caught nor captures his cat only knew, no alone with Khalah '. He said Abbas: O Messenger of Allah, otherwise الإذخر it to Qanhm and homes. Said: «Only الإذخر»([85]), In the novel: «Does not reinforce شجرها, nor initiate rancid, and the text of the Koran on the sanctity of Mecca in: ) Nor Tqatlohm when the Sacred Mosque until the fight you where the قاتلوكم Vaguetlohm penalty as well as unbelievers (([86])، ودلّت السنة النبوية على لحوق حكم المدينة بمكة بروايات متعددة، بل منعت حمل السلاح فيها لقتال، وإن كانت تلك المحميات تختلف في غايتها عمّا ابتكرته عقول أهل هذا الزمان، لكن يجمع بينهما الصيانة لذلك المكان، ولا أعلم قبل الإسلام وجود محميات لغايات شريفة، وَإِنَّمَا الذي اطلعت عليه وجود محميات مقصورات على أفراد يستأثرون بخيرات الله في أرض الله، مع أن النبيّ صلعم قرر أن الناس شركاء في ثلاثة، ومن مَحمياتهم قصر الأرض على قبيلة معينة، وهو أمر له اعتباره الشرعي بخلاف الأول، لكن لا يشبه ما نحن بصدد الحديث عنه، والمحميتان يتباين حكمهما الشرعي في بعض الجوانب كما بينه أهل العلم، لاسيما في الجزاء عند بعض الفقهاء، وتحريم الحرمين ليس تحريما اجتهاديا وإنما هو تحريم نصي، فلا يتغير بتغير الزمان، وعلى العموم حرم العضد، وحمل السلاح، ولو أبيح أكل صيد الحرم وعضد شجره لَما قامت لبيئته قائمة؛ إذ ستتلف كلّ مكوناتها لكثرة المرتادين في الحج والعمرة، لكن هل يمكن للحاكم إقامة مَحميات أخرى حذرا من الفساد بشتى أنواعه كمنع قطع شجرها أو صيدها منعا مطلقا، أو مقيدا بوقت أو نوع أو ما شاكل ذلك؟ الظاهر جواز ذلك إن كان مبنيا على مصلحة؛ لأن “The disposal of the flock entrusted Imam interest“, But is not always legally, but taking into account the conditions and circumstances may alter the ruler himself, has established Umar ibn al-Khattab some reserves to serve some public interest, and make them both to the poor without the rich, and he came in his will to those used by a fever: “…And enter the Lord of the Abama Lord Booty on me, and yes Ibn Affan Ibn Auf, they that perish Mashithma goes back to the city to plant palm trees, The Abama employer and Booty the his cattle Aotna perish structure says: O Commander of the Faithful, O Commander of the Faithful, Avtarkhm I'm not a father to you, Water and pasture Acer the Ali of gold and paper…”([87])And to prevent the rich cattle grazing, and named Othman Abdul Rahman bin Auf clearly shows that prevention but it is for the benefit of needy.
  • Restrict the permissible base: نصّ العلماء على أن للحاكم صلاحية تقييد المباح، والظاهر والله أعلم أن بعض صور هذه المسألة ينبغي أن يعاد فيها النظر، إذ هل يبقى وصف الإباحة ساري المفعول فيها بعد تحقق ضررها المادي أو المعنوي، ووليّ الأمر ـ وتدخل الجهات التشريعية والتنفيذية في هذا المدلول ـ محتسب ينظر في المصالح ويسعى لدفع المفاسد، وثم صور أخرى هي تقييد فعلي للمباح، وإن كانت مرتبطة بوجه أو آخر بالمصالح أيضا، وهذا التقييد من شرطه أن لا يعود على أصل الإباحة بالإبطال وأن لا تكون الإباحة في الفرد المقيد من تشتد حاجة الناس إليه، وثمّ شروط لا بد من اعتبارها، فمثلا دلّ الدليل الشرعي على إباحة الصيد، وهو ما نصّ عليه قوله تعالى: ) Lawful to you sea fishing and food as comfort for you and your car and fishing forbidden you what ĎăĘă mainland sanctuary, and fear of God, who Him shall (([88])However, fishing may exceed the limits of moderation, and be a tool corrupting upset the natural balance… Overfishing, many people use it to use bad, so that it leads them to catch thousands of tons of fish, many of which are small in size, so that people do not use it in their eating are intended those enormous tons due to the net too small can not come out of them only small, this injustice is not permissible and extravagance forbidden distasteful lead to a reduction of God's wealth that His creation, and lead to the detriment of others, it is known legally to harm others may not, have been thrown as I heard from some of the brothers living with this in one clamp up to tinnitus, these two Buzzer at this time to arrive this pain House, if extended period then it fish grow, perhaps after four months or five months when it comes time to catch would have been more than ten tons or so, and Worse, some of the big companies hunt a certain fish species when you see a society, and then if you go and with that fishing it has been the whole Matt saw thicker more expensive than cast the former from its stores until accommodate stores the new fishing which is more expensive, and thus thrown tons of fish, and all of that damage is hidden, and thus lost the environmental balance of the Almighty God by his creation in this presence, as making each animal is matched by even the balance remains as )ana Something created him Bakdr(,ar([89]).
  • وإذا تدخل الإنسان وغلّب جانباً من الجوانب فذلك يؤدِّي إلى اختلال هذه الموازنة، وضياع المنهج الذي سنه الله تعالى لهذا الكون، وتلك الشباك من الشباك المحرمة دولياً أو الممنوعة دولياً، أخبرني أهل منطقة مُحُوت عن معاناة عظيمة يقاسيها أهلها بسبب ذلك الإفساد.
  • It quarantine: Islam established a closed society when rampant ills and الأسقام in some areas, but the Prophet PBUH: «Fled from the leper would flee from a lion, and said PBUH: «Does not appear significant Sanatorium ', this bright picture images of environmental protection so as not to spread disease in other environments, and declare it a modern plague when he said PBUH: «As the plague came down the land not Tdechloha, and came down the land and you where not graduated», in order to maintain other environments for the spread of these epidemics and diseases that lead to corruption in the land, and this is not limited to human diseases, but may be caused by analogy in addition to Alamomat if epidemics spread in the soil of the land, or in the trees, small or large, it is forbidden to import or import of seeds if the disease is spread out so as not to spread infections,ar.
  • Balance between the interests: In every act of behavior even going ship of life as it moves from good to better, and considering the interests not the individual, but outlook given in the interest of the whole of humanity.


After a quick cruise in the gardens of legal rules Protecting the environment, and its portfolio Perhaps it is fitting that lines after practical suggestions that reduce corruption in the land, here are the most important:

1. That the treatment of the environment is not only a glance religion, you can not separate the environment and try to treat without consideration of the forensic evidence; because it ultimately leads to strife placebo bile between religion and science.

2. Broadcast religious introductions that address the environment in various media even closer slaves to God, the maintenance of their environment, and the most powerful worship sermon enables the application of good.

3. Smoking prevention College maintenance of air pollution, and save the souls of الأسقام.

This is what you want shown by the YK Rightly it is God and praise him, though Iike otherwise it myself and the devil, and Ibre myself that self Principality of evil, and God's forgiveness and repent to Him, and ask the Almighty to reconcile for the benefit of working and honest to say.

O arrived and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions.


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[1]) I mean all the provisions of Sharia religion Streptococcus practical and ethical, because I'm as huge sacrifices provisions of the acts of worship (Sheer) And transactions of the Net Book of God springs so too drink from the same specified in the perceptions of Streptococcus: ) Initiated you out of debt as recommended by Noah, and which We have revealed to you and what China by Abraham, Moses and Jesus to be steadfast in Islam nor تتفرقوا it Enlarge polytheists what you invite him God Ajetbi him from wills and give him the delegate ( [Shura: ١٣].

[2]) Sura: ١٢٧.

[3]) Surat bees: ٢٦.

[4]) 'm Perspective, Makram Mohammed bin, San Arabs (Beirut: Significant issue, i 1), Part 3, p 357.

[5]) Jarjaani, Ali bin Mohammed, tariffs, achieve Ibrahim Ebiary the (Beirut: Arab Book House, i 1, 1405), P 219.

[6]) Fads: ٨٥.

[7]) Sura: ٦٠.

[8]) Al-Isra: ١٦.

[9]) Surah: ٦٦.

[10]) Fads: ٩٦.

[11]) Al Jinn: ١٦ – ١٧.

[12]) Seen Sir parent, Khalili, Ahmad bin Hamad, the political dimension of poverty. Abadi, Abdul Salam, property in Islamic law (Beirut: Al-Bashir, i 1, 1421 2000), C 1, p 93.

[13]) Seen: Husseini, Mohammed: Environment, (Beirut: Foundation Islamic awareness, i 1, 1420 2000), P 224.

[14]) Sura: ١٩٠.

[15]) Aldrgeni, Ahmed bin Saeed: Layers sheikhs in Morocco, achieve: Ibrahim Talaa (Without data), Vol. 1, p 101.

[16]) Surah: ٦٤.

[17]) Seen: The words of scholars: Structure, Mohamed Khair: Jihad and fighting in legitimate politics (Beirut: Dar Bayareq, i 1, 1414 1993), 2, p 1347-1361.

[18]) Scholars denied some of what occurred from that. Seen: Salmi, Abdullah bin Humaid, a masterpiece Senate biography of the people of Oman (Library rectitude, d. I, d. T.), C 1, p 112-113.

[19]) Al cattle: ١٦٤.

[20]) Aladdin Ali Hussam: Workers treasure in Sunan words and deeds, to achieve: Bakri حياني, elite Saka (Foundation message, i 5, 1401 e 1981), No. 11411, c 4, p 475, and in some novels number 30268 And his will to Osama bin Zaid: “Do not slaughter a sheep or a cow or camel except for his food”, C 10 p 579.

[21]) Al-Hashr: 5.

[22]) Shammakhi, Ahmed bin Saeed, biographers, achieving Dr. Mohamed Hassan (Beirut: Dar ink Islamic, i 1, 2009), 2, p 252.

[23]) Magazine “Now” Sixth Issue, c 6 p 88.

[24]) Narrated by Imam spring in the University, No. 692.

[25]) Shaksy, Khamis bin Said, the students approach and communication wishing (Oman: The Ministry of National Heritage and Culture).

[26]) Subki, Ali bin Abdul Kafi, Subki fatwas, (Comprehensive library), 2, p 390, and r 394 There are important details of the matter, and consider: Abadi, property, vol. 1, p 262.

[27]) This information benefited from Brother Badr… Hebrew

[28]) Sura: ٢١١.

[29]) Kelchena, Mehdi: From science to science secular religious (Beirut: Dar Al-Hadi, i 1, 1424 2003), P 158.

[30]) Fads: ١٢٨.

[31]) Hud: ٦١.

[32]) Nisa: ١١٩.

[33]) Sura: ٣٠.

[34]) Fads: ٢٥.

[35]) Sura Taha: ٥٥.

[36]) Al Sheba: ١٠.

[37]) Otherwise seen scientists in this: Ibn Hajar, Ahmad Ben Ali Asqallaani, Baari (Beirut: Knowledge House, 1379 H), C 6 R 87, C 7 p 378, Salmi, Abdullah bin Humaid, explain Musnad spring.

[38]) But there is something of a sense of the fear and praise has shown him any Holy Quran, has the text of some of the scholars on the interpretation of its significance, and the right to carry on the truth, even though we do not know how to praise, has discussed Sir parent words of Ibn Hazm, who denied the existence of something of perception when . Seen dispute: Ibn Hazm, Ali, chapter in boredom and passions and bees (Cairo: Khanji library, Dr.. T.), C 1, p 71, Zamakhshari, Mahmoud: Searchlight (Alexandria: Dar Al Rayyan heritage, i 3, 1407 AH -1987 AD), Vol 3, p 149, Quraafi, Ahmed bin Idris, precious asset in explaining crop, achieve: Adel Ahmed and Ali Muhammad (Nizar Mustafa bar, i 1, 1416 195 m), 2, p 753, Ibn Ashour, Mohamed Tahar, liberation and enlightenment (Beirut: History Foundation, a new edition, 1420 AH / 2000 AD), Vol 17, p 164, Khalili, Ahmad bin Hamad, Jewels interpretation (Library rectitude, 1409, 1988), Part 3, p 468-475.

[39]) Khalili, Said bin Khalfan, Office of Sheikh Saeed bin Khalfan Al Khalili, achieving Adel Almtani, (Oman: Warraq Foundation for publication and distribution, i 1, 1414 2003), P 52.

[40]) AL Almariaat: 20-21.

[41]) Sura: 163.

[42]) Sura: 164.

[43]) Sura: ٢٩.

[44]) استشكل apparent verse because he feels peek with that much of what on earth is fatal to humans, but this confusion quickly dissolving غيمته when he knows that what on earth could be used to exploit useful. Consideration of the: Jewels of interpretation, c 2.

[45]) Sura: ٢٩.

[46]) P 155.

[47]) Surat الجاثية: ١٣.

[48]) Hud: ٦١.

[49]) See encyclopedias in those religions.

[50]) Salous, Ali Ahmed: Islamic Economics and the contemporary jurisprudential issues (Doha: House of Culture, Rayyan Foundation, i 1, 1416 1996), P 38.

[51]) Al-believers: ١٨.

[52]) Surat separated: ١٠.

[53]) Sura Moon: ٤٩.

[54]) Surat Roman: ٤١.

[55]) See commandment…

[56]) Al-Hashr: ٥.

[57]) Al Stone: ١٩.

[58]) Scholars have benefited greatly from the system with all its cosmic system of functioning of aircraft, ships and submarines inspired by birds, fish and other, as is obvious.

[59]) Khalili: Diwan Sheikh Saeed bin Khalfan al-Khalili, p 45.

[60]) Surah: ٣١.

[61]) Hud: ٤٠.

[62]) Al-believers: ٢٧.

[63]) Abu Apostle, Mohammed bin Apostle: Mosque of Abu Apostle, (Oman: The Ministry of National Heritage and Culture, 1405 e 1985), C 1, p 56.

[64]) Sura: ٣١ – ٣٣.

[65]) Sura: ٣٤.

[66]) Al-Hajj: ٢٦.

[67]) Sura: ١٢٥.

[68]) Al-Hajj: 26.

[69]) Message to Sheikh Suleiman Pasha Baroni to Sheikh Salem bin Mohammed Rawahy, dated 4 Shawwal 1347 AH, including advice for pilgrims, attached to another search.

[70]) Shammakhi, biographers, 2, p 696.

[71]) Salmi, Abdullah bin Humaid: Qubool hopes on perfection, achieving: Haj Solomon Babziz and others (Oman, Lebanon: Library of Imam Salmi, Dar Al-Rashed, i 1, 2008), C 1.

[72]) Surat الانفطار: ٦ – ٧.

[73]) Surat Saffat: ٦.

[74]) Surat bees: ٦، ٨.

[75]) Fatir: ٢٧.

[76]) Cave: ٧.

[77]) Had graduated “What” Switched from public significance, but the context here emphasizes Commons as no secret.

[78]) Cave: ٧.

[79]) Cave: ٧.

[80]) Akbari, Abdullah bin Al-Hussein, dictate what Rahman (Dar thought, re-1414 1993), P 395.

[81]) Hud: ١.

[82]) These terraces were reluctant to rule jurisprudence books in different terms, all are in the same downstream.

[83]) Look: Baji: Picker (Comprehensive library), C 4, p 66.

[84]) Surah: ٩٥.

[85]) Narrated by Ben Habib spring, Timings door and the campus, number 398. And Bukhari door sin to righteousness and treacherous evildoer, number 2951, and his word, and Muslim prohibition door Mecca and caught Khalaha the and شجرها and her cat, but always to the singer, number 2412, and many modern scholars.

[86]) Sura: ١٩١.

[87]) Narrated by Maalik in al-Muwatta, the door of fear of the oppressed, the number 3673.

[88]) Surah: ٩٦.

[89]) Sura Moon: ٤٩.

* ندوة تطور العلوم الفقهية فِي عمان “ الفقه الحضاري، فقه العمران”

Held during the period: (18-21) April 1431 / (3-6) April 2010:

Oman- The Ministry of Awqaf and Religious Affairs

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  1. Valid says:

    More than Mmnaz the May God reward you with good

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