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Purposes of the law and the protection of the environment

Purposes of the law and the protection of the environment *

Preparation: Sheikh. Abdullah bin Mohammed bin Hassan the Fadak Hashemi Mecca

( Researcher and advocate of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia )

Introduction:

Praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messengers, Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions. After;

The (Purposes of the law and the protection of the environment) Roomy space to accommodate many of the purposes and meanings that fought and locked all people of various specializations. In light of this activity clearly embraced ندوتنا blessed (Jurisprudence civilized jurisprudence Urbanism) Axis (Jurisprudence of the environment and the universe and objects) Aware of those who made it, may God reward them all the best the importance of the subject.

Because talking about (Purposes of the law and the protection of the environment) -And diversified, I saw the collection and arranged in four basic purposes; dogmatic and doctrinal, cultural and social. Fluidly from God's help and reconcile.

Preface:

Launches word (Purposes) In the books of jurisprudence on the main topics in the book or the door, In our doctrinal heritage launches (Purposes) In tandem on (The wisdom of the legislation) And(And families legislation) And(Meanings) And(Events) And(Sent interests) And(Sharia pros) Etc.. All of these titles are the focus of Islamic legislation in its fractions and Klyate of the.

  • The definition of the legitimate purposes:

Define the concept of specific scientifically legitimate purposes, The distinction between them and other terms fruit of the revival of science purposes in the modern era, To mark Shaykh al-Islam Mohamed Tahar Ben Achour preferred a head start in this area, Acer her she scientific definitions: “Meanings and notable college governance of the street in all the conditions of the legislation, Or mostly, To collect the interests of people or supplemented, Or pay or reduce harm them in an urgent matter and futures”([1]).

  • Define the concept of the environment:

Ecologists known concept that environment: The middle where you live organisms, human, animal, plant, and consists of all the external factors influencing live in communities of all types and factions([2]). And landing environment, the protection of Islamic law is the natural environment (Air, water and soil and neighborhoods) And the built environment (Kalanchaouat Civil and dams) ([3]).

  • The importance of knowledge of the legitimate purposes of the industry jurisprudential:

A number of scholars creators on the importance of the purposes of Islamic law in many categories, showing its importance to the jurisprudence and al-Faqih.

Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali: “Purposes Shara kiss hardworking, went to them hit the right hand”.

He says Imam Badr al-Din Zarkashi: “Self-Faqih, a proper follow the words of Queen Revelations: Quran and Sunnah, And extract their meanings, It is to make this beast and found it filled with, Word that does not bleed Sea, And fingernail whenever any request that is higher than, And derived from Wahab”.

He says Imam Abu Isaac Shaatibi of the: “But you get the degree of diligence those characterized Bossvin; understand the purposes of the law on the completeness, And empowerment of deduction based on the understanding”([4]).

  • Jurisprudence of the environment and the universe and objects:

Almighty God made man Khalifa in the earth, and enabled him; to Abloh and seen his work, he says: ﴿وَهُوَ الَّذِي جَعَلَكُمْ خَلَائـِفَ الْأَرْضِ وَرَفَعَ بَعْضَكُمْ فَوْقَ بَعْضٍ دَرَجَاتٍ لـِيَـبْلُوَكُمْ فِي مَا آتَاكُمْ﴾([5])، وقال عزّ وجل: ﴿وَلَقَدْ مَكَّـنَّاكُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَجَعَلْنَا لَكُمْ فِيهَا مَعَايِشَ قَلِيلاً مَا تَشْكُـرُونَ﴾([6]). وأمرَه بعمارتـِها؛ قال جلّ جلاله: ﴿هُوَ أَنـْشَأَ كُمْ مِنَ الْأَرْضِ وَاسْتَعْمَرَكُمْ فِيهَا﴾ ([7]).

وأمره بإقامةِ الميزان، ونهاه عن الإخسارِ فيه والطغيانِ، قال تعالى: ﴿وَالسَّمَاءَ رَفَعَهَا وَوَضَعَ الْمِيزَانَ * Not تطغوا in the balance * And establish weight with justice, not Lose the balance ( ([8]).

And forbade corruption in the earth, the Almighty said: ) Not confusion in the earth after the repair is better for you if you are believers ( ([9]), And he says: ) Nor mischief in the land that God does not like spoilers ( ([10]).

If attacked and breached human system of the universe which God made him, and dispose of it is Murad God and Huda religion.. It will reap fruit إفساده, Almighty said: ﴿ظَهَرَ الْفَسَادُ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ أَيـْدِي النَّاسِ لـِيُذِيقَـهُمْ بَـعْـضَ الَّذِي عَمِلُوا لَعَلَّـهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ﴾([11]).

وأنزلَ الحقُّ عزّ وجل قوله: ) And if he sought in the ground to spoil them and destroy crops and cattle, and God does not love corruption ( ([12]), And accepted by the verse in the right of destroying the environment around him, and assault in his dealings with the universe and objects; narrated Sudai said: I got in الأخنس bin شريق Thaqafi, an ally brown flower, accept to the Prophet PBUH to the city, his فأظهر Islam and Prophet PBUH so impressed him, and said,: But I come I want to Islam, and God knows I am honest; saying: ) And God is my witness to what is in his heart (and then came out of the Messenger of Allah PBUH Famer planting some of the Muslims, and red, burn planting, and reds backyard; Almighty Allah revealed the: ﴿وَإِذَا تَوَلَّى سَعَى فِي الْأَرْضِ لـِـيُفْسِدَ فِيهَا وَيـُهْـلـِكَ الْـحَرْثَ وَالنـَّسْلَ﴾ ([13]).

The foregoing shows how Islamic law sponsored environmental protection, and showed jurisprudence dealing with the universe, so as to achieve the purposes of the law, which decided to bring the interests of the objects and ward off evil about them.

First: Streptococcus destinations , And:

  1. Knowledge of God: God created the universe Almighty in excelled system, and arranged perfectly balance and did estimate, he says: ) Making God who has mastered everything ( ([14]), Said the Almighty: ) And created everything ability of recognition ( ([15]), And the Almighty said: ﴿وَكلّ شَيْءٍ عِنْدَهُ بِمِقْدَارٍ﴾ ([16]), Said the Almighty: ﴿وَالْأَرْضَ مَدَدْنَاهَا وَأَلـْقَيْنَا فِيهَا رَوَاسِيَ وَأَنـْبَتْنـَا فِيهَا مِنْ كلّ شَيْءٍ مَوْزُونٍ﴾ ([17]), But consider this great universe around us from the land and sky, and the air and water, and all its objects and manifestations… Directory connector to know God and unification of faith in his presence), the security of the creation of the heavens and the earth and revealed to you from the sky فأنبتنا water gardens joy of what was you that Tneptua the شجرها agency with God, but they are people adjust * أَمَّنْ جَعَلَ الْأَرْضَ قَرَاراً وَجَعَلَ خِلَالَهَا أَنـْهَاراً وَجَعَلَ لَهَا رَوَاسِيَ وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَ الْبَحْرَيـْنِ حَاجِزاً أَإِلَهٌ مَعَ اللَّهِ بَلْ أَ كْثَرُهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ﴾([18]), And which commanded our religion to reflect on God's creation, God said: ) Say Look at what is in the heavens and the earth ( ([19])، وقال عزّ وجل: ) In the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of night and day are signs for men of understanding * Those who remember Allah standing, sitting and on their sides, and reflect on the creation of the heavens and the earth, God created this void Glory guide us the torment of the Fire ( ([20]).
  2. Thanks Moneim: Mocked the Almighty God that the whole universe of man, he said, the Almighty: ) Did not see that Allah has subjected to you what is in the heavens and on earth, and bestowed upon you blessing and invisible phenomenon (, Vetojb on slaves to thank their protector on what Osdahm of grace, and أولاهم alaih and Mananh, he says: ﴿فَاذْكُرُونـِي أَذْكُـرْكُـمْ وَاشْكُـرُوا لِي وَلَا تَكْـفُـرُونَ﴾ ([21])، وإنَّ الله وعدَ على الشكرِ بالزيادة، قال سبحانه: ﴿وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبـُّكُمْ لَئِنْ شَكَـرْتُمْ لَأَزِيدَنَّكُـمْ وَلَـئِنْ كَــفَرْتُـمْ إِنَّ عَذَابِي لَشَدِيدٌ﴾ ([22]), And Atady Thanks grace, kindness use created him, and not to disobey God by.

Secondly: Jurisprudential purposes:

The care and protection of the environment through many things, including:

  1. No harm to the environment:
    We have prevented the Islamic Sharia damage and inviolability of all kinds, he said the Messenger of Allah PBUH: «لا ضَرَرَ ولا ضِرَارَ»([23]), In the novel, an increase: «Of malicious harm it God, and hard incision upon»([24]), And Roy that part independent; wording: «Maliciously damaged by God, it is hard hard upon»([25]).

(Damage remains) Out of a great religion, arises from many legal rules, based upon a lot of branches jurisprudence, and the prohibition of the damage is known reason and only religiously what Del-Shara on permissible; care for the interests of over evil, such as the establishment of the border and the like([26]).

He denied benefits to pay damage before it happens accidentally possible prevention, and lifted after the incident, including measures that can remove it, and prevent its recurrence, as modern states choose the lesser of two evils to pay Oazmanma; because in order to ease the damage when they can not prevent him strictly prohibited([27]). Enters under the this originally prevention of any conduct detrimental to the ecosystem; from contaminating air, water or soil, and threatening the lives of the organisms, from humans, animals or plants.

2. Revitalizing disused land:

Earth gangrene: Is the land that did not last, architecture Vhbht life, and disabled loss of life. To architecture and development environment, and preservation; proceeded to Islam and the rule of great revival of the earth gangrene. And revitalizing disused land (Architecture and Altthmar): To convene the person of the land, did not know offering king them to one, Faihaaha بالسقي or planting or planting or construction; فتصير this kingdom, whether as near to the city or after, whether authorized imam in it or did not authorize, and this view of the majority, and the Imam : To be absolutely permission of the ruler, and Imam Malik: With near([28])And proximity officer: What the people of Omran need of grazing and the like([29]).

It came in the Sunnah of the legality of revitalizing disused land: What came about buttonhole, Ms. Aisha that the Prophet PBUH said: «Of age is not a ground for one is more deserving, said buttonhole: Omar spent in succession([30]). The Prophet PBUH: «Of rugged land and revived the Egyptian, or dead Egyptian, it is his»([31]). The Prophet PBUH: «Revived dead, it is his land, and not to sweat unjust right»([32]). وقال رسولُ الله صلعم: «Took a wall on the land, it is his([33]). As stated in the preferred revitalizing disused land: Words of the Messenger of Allah PBUH: «Revived a dead land, he may have some reward, and what wellness ate them is his charity»([34]), And saying SAWS: «What of a man who greets the ground, Vcherb of it behooves liver, wellness or infect them, but God has his reward»([35]). Imam Ibn Hibbaan said: And livelihood so-called students: Wellness.

3. The establishment of reserves:

Islam began to guardian Muslims a fever for the benefit of Muslims, enters: Vital and natural reserves, which is one of the best means of preserving the environment and protecting vital from extinction. He came from the Messenger of Allah PBUH saying: «Fever only God and His Messenger». Ibn Shihab said: We have heard that the Prophet PBUH infusion fever, and Omar fever honor and Rabza([36]). And meaning: No fever for one for himself, takes care of the cattle without other people, but it is God and His Messenger PBUH. It was narrated from the caliphs after When the need for the interest of Muslims, as did a friend and Farouk Osman master y of what they need to, but protects the Imam is not a king a([37]).

And fever: Is a protected place, which is otherwise permissible, meaning: To prevent the revival of disused land; to the available forage, Fteraah cattle specific and prevents other, and probably the Shaafa'is that fever specializing بالخليفة, and some of them right by the governors of the regions, and never replace the passport that does not hurt all Muslims.. But it is the land of Muata fever; because they did not make the king of one, but Amer-like because of the public interest([38]).

4. Planting and planting:

Took care of the true religion vital to protecting the environment of plants and animals and conservation; urged starting to planting and planting (Afforestation)And increasing green space (Greening); That gets out of the development environment, clean air, and contribute strongly to address the problem of desertification, which is one of the major environmental problems in the world. The Messenger of Allah PBUH: «There is no Muslim instills Garcia, or planting implants, eats it a bird or a human being or an animal, but it was his charity»([39]).

And reflected the greatness of religion to Aatnaúh so in the Prophet's guidance, which it says PBUH: «If you have time, however one seedlings Vlegrsha you»([40]).

  1. Forbidden to cut trees:
  2. Show care Islam in plant protection is forbidden to tamper with cut trees, Says the Messenger of Allah PBUH: «Pieces of Sidra([41]) God towards his head in the fire »([42]).

Imam Abu asked David about the meaning of this talk, he said: (This modern Summary mean: Of pieces of Sidra in the wilderness unwilling to avail himself of the wayfarer and beast; vain unfairly and unjustly have it, towards God head in the fire)([43]). Imam al-Bayhaqi: And Rowena buttonhole he was interrupted from his land, which is one of the narrators of prohibition, and it's like to be a special forbidding as Abu Dawood said([44]).

And the impact from the prophet Abu Bakr t he recommended one of the commanders of his armies to the Levant, a master Yazid ibn Abi Sufyan t saying: «.. And I advise you of ten: Do not kill a woman or a boy, or a large pyramid, and تقطعن fruitful trees, nor Takrben full, nor Takrn a sheep and a camel only ate, nor Thrguen نخلا and without Ngrguenh in copy: Nor Tafrguenh, nor Ngll, not تجبن »([45]), Rui him in his will for each of Yazid ibn Abi Sufyan and Amr ibn al-Aas and Sharhabeel bin well y what Boshm the nearly Sham([46]).

7. Revival Al_husar:

The first true religion to protect the lives of animals unique careful, it is the legality of revive Al_husar, meant by Al_husar is: Animal unable to walk, and to be revived: Watered, Alvha and servicing. The Messenger of Allah PBUH: «Found an animal by her family that the deficit Aalvoha Vsebouha, he took Vahyaha of, it is his, in the novel: «Leave an animal Bmhlk, Vahyaha man, they are those who revived»([47]).

وفي الحديث دليلٌ على أَنَّه يجوز لمالكِ الدابة التسييبُ في الصحراءِ إذا عجزَ عن القيامِ بها، وقد ذهبَ الإمام الشافعي وأصحابُه إلى أنه يجب على مالك الدابة أنْ يعلفَها أو يبيعَها أو يسيِّبَها في مَرْتَع، فإنْ تَمرَّد أُجْبر. Said Imam Abu Hanifa and his companions: But ordered Astslaha the do not inevitably كالشجر, I answer that the same spirit dissociation of the trees, and the first if the animal than his flesh eaten to slaughter its owner, and fed the needy. Imam Ibn Raslan: The animal that failed to use; time and the like, it is not permissible to its owner Tsiepha, but must expense([48]).

8. Save the life of the animal:

And praise the street from the animal revived and saved him from death: Came to the Messenger of Allah PBUH said: «While a man walking route, intensified by thirst, and found wells went down where he drank, and he went out if a dog panting, eating rest of thirst, the man said: This dog has reached from thirst like the one he hit me, descended well فملأ the lightness of water, then held him Pfih, even promoted فسقى of the dog, thanked his God forgave him, they said: O Messenger of God! Although in this beast we paid? : «All wet liver wage»([49]).

9. Forbidding the killing of the animal species:

The crowd wisdom and Almighty making universe Votguen, and distributed it and treats Nations, and make all proportion, and each job, he says: ) And an animal in the earth, nor a bird that flies with its wings, but like you Nations (([50]), And human aggression, and Asrafh in the killing and destruction caused in the destruction of the environment and environmental imbalances, فنهى Islam for the killing of the animal species in vain and aggression, including:

  • Ants and bees:

He came from the Messenger of Allah PBUH: «That ant قرصت the prophet of prophets, ordered village of ants burned, God revealed to him: Avi that ant Qrstk decimated the nation swim?([51]).

وعن سيِّدنا ابن عباسٍ ـ رضي الله عنهما ـ قال: The Prophet PBUH «forbade killing four of the animals: Ant, bee, Hoopoe, shrikes »([52]).

And our master Abdullah bin Masood t said: We were with the Messenger of Allah PBUH in the book, he went to the toilet, we saw red with Farrakhan, We took Farrakaha cut, came blush, they made carpeted, came to the Prophet PBUH said: «Shocked this her child? : «Burn these?» Said: We are, he said,: «It should not be tormented with fire except the Lord of fire»([53]).

  • Sparrow:

The Messenger of Allah PBUH: «Kill a bird and above without right, he asked God Almighty on the Day of Resurrection, it was: O Messenger of Allah, what right? : «Entitled to تذبحها to Vtaklha, and cut off her head Fermi»([54]). The Messenger of Allah PBUH: «Kill a bird in vain, pbuh into God Almighty on the Day of Resurrection says: O Lord, if Flana killed me in vain, and did not kill me for the benefit of (»([55]).

  • Frog:

He came from the prophet Abdulrahman bin Osman Taymi, t: The doctor asked the Prophet PBUH for frog([56]) Puts it in medicine, forbade the Prophet PBUH for murder([57]). And master Sahl bin Sa'd al-Saadi t: «The Prophet PBUH forbade the killing of five: Ant, bee, frog, Shrike, Hoopoe »([58]).

  • Pussy:

The Messenger of Allah PBUH: «Tortured woman in cat Sjntha up until she died, entered the fire, is not meals Sagtha neither as حبستها, nor is it left to eat from the vermin of the earth([59]).


Thirdly: Cultural purposes , And:

1. The provision of a safe life:

Allah says in the gallery to God to worship: ) And made the sky a ceiling preserved they for verses are exposed ( ([60]), Say ecologists([61]): The Ozone is a protective shield protects living beings on the earth's surface from UV risks, which absorbs the bulk of them before they reach the Earth's surface. And freon (CFC) Lead to the erosion of the ozone layer, and increase the use of rights to this harmful gas compounds of this class; leading to the destruction of his own environment, and he said God Almighty, warning slaves from grace switch: ﴿وَمَنْ يـُبَدِّلْ نـِعْمَةَ اللَّهِ مِنْ بَـعْدِ مَا جَاءَتـْهُ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ﴾ ([62]).

2. حماية المصالح العامة:

We have the true religion forbade rights for the depletion of natural resources, due to forbidden extravagance in everything, and ordered him and mediate economy; God said: ﴿وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبـُوا وَلَا تُسْرِفُوا إِنَّـهُ لَا يـُحِبُّ الْمُسْرِفـِينَ﴾ ([63])، وقال عزّ وجل: ﴿وَلَا تُـبَذِّرْ تَبْذِيراً * The spendthrifts were brothers of the devils and Satan was ungrateful to his Lord ( ([64]), And he says: ) And do not make your hand tied to your neck and simplify all rugs فتقعد myeloma Mhassora ( ([65]), And he says: ﴿وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا أَنـْفَـقُوا لَمْ يـُسْرِفُوا وَلَمْ يـَقْتُـرُوا وَكَانَ بـَيْنَ ذَلـِكَ قَوَاماً﴾ ([66]).

وبلغَ من أهمية مقصد الاقتصاد في استعمال الثروات والموارد، والتوجيهِ إلى تجنب الإسرافِ فيه، أنْ نهى الإسلامُ عن الإسراف حتى في الوضوء؛ فجاءَ عن سيدنا عبدالله بن عمرو t أنَّ رسول الله صلعم مرَّ بسَعْدٍ وهو يتوضَّأُ، فقال: «What is this exchange?, He said,: Avi ablution extravagance? : «Yes! If you're running river »([67]).

Fourth: Social purposes , And:

1. Hygiene:

Religion urged on hygiene (Cleansing): Came from Said ibn al-Musayyib said: God is good and loves good, clean likes cleanliness, cream loves generosity, Jawad loves generosity, Venzvo see him said: Ffenatkm… Khalid is the son of andropause: Mentioned that the son of immigrant nail, he said: Haddtnyh Amer bin Saad bin Abi Waqas from his father, t, from the Prophet PBUH like him, but he said: «Clean Ffenatkm»([68]).

* Actions on hygiene:

  • Prevention of abandonment in the road, and shadow, and resources:

The Messenger of Allah PBUH: «Fear Allaanin», they said: What Alanan O Messenger of Allah? : «Abandon in the way of people or in their own shadows»([69]). The Messenger of Allah PBUH: «Fear Almlaan, three: Stool in resources([70]), And the side of the road, and shadow »([71]).

  • Prevention of urine in stagnant water, and running water:

He came from the Messenger of Allah PBUH: That forbade shrugged in stagnant water([72]), Said the Messenger of Allah PBUH: «Do not Abulen one in the water which is not being permanent, then washed it»([73]). And the Prophet Jabir t said: Messenger of Allah PBUH shrugged off in running water([74]).

  • Prevention of abandonment under the tree fruit:

فعن ابن عمرَ ـ رضي الله عنهما ـ قال: «The Messenger of Allah PBUH man to give up under fruit trees, and forbade to give up on the bank of the river neighbor»([75]).

  • Is forbidden to spit in the mosque, and it is buried:

The Messenger of Allah PBUH: «Slugs in the mosque is a sin, and its expiation buried»([76]). In the novel: «Bagasse in the mosque is a sin, and its expiation buried»([77]).

  • Absolute absence of sputum, without the jurisdiction of the command mosque:

The Messenger of Allah PBUH: «If one of you تنخم Vligb Nkhamth, no infect skin believer or robe»([78])And takes the place of burial and absence paper napkin.

2. Removing something harmful from the road:

Sharia ordered glue بإماطة the harm from the road: He came from the prophet Abu Barzah t said: I: O Prophet of Allah! Teach me something that benefited him, he said: «Unarmed harm by Muslims»([79]).

The Messenger of Allah PBUH: «Faith few Stone or Seventy Division, the lowest removing something harmful from the road, and lift the words: There is no god but Allah »([80]). The Prophet PBUH: «I was offered work my nation حسنها I and bad, and I found in its pros harm Aamat by the way, and found in its disadvantages Alnkhaah be buried in the mosque»([81]).

The Messenger of Allah PBUH: «On human Stone and a detailed, three hundred, he should give charity for each detailed handout, they said: It is able to do that, O Messenger of Allah? : «Alnkhaah in mosque تدفنها, or the thing he stepped down from the road, you can not Frckata Duha is sufficient for you»([82]).

The Prophet PBUH: «While a man walking path, he found Ghosn luxury on the road forks, thanking God forgave Him»([83]). In the novel([84]) Said PBUH: «I saw a man turning in paradise, in a tree cut from the back of the road, they hurt people».

The law also ordered بإماطة harm, has نهت harm Muslims, in the way, and other: The Prophet PBUH: «Hurt Muslims in their ways and obligatory upon Anthm»([85]), In the novel: «Hurt Muslims in their hit him Anthm the ways»([86]).

He said PBUH: «Muslims have hurt my ears, and my ears have hurt God Almighty»([87]).


3. Fire reservists:

Islam took care to protect the environment from fires, drew the Prophet PBUH to put out the fire night; احترازا the risk of fire, which told us PBUH enemy to us: The Prophet PBUH: «Do not let the fire in your house while تنامون»([88]). And master Abu Moussa t said: Burned on his family house in the city at night, when the Messenger of Allah PBUH about them said: «This enemy fire but are you, if Nemtem the Votafioha you»([89]).

وعن ابن عباسٍ ـ رضي الله عنهما ـ قال: The mouse I took conducted Wick, went going Tzgerha, said the Prophet PBUH: «دعيها», came Volguetha the winery that was sitting on them, burnt them such as AED placement, said the Messenger of Allah PBUH: «If Nemtem the Votafioa Srjkm, the devil shows like this on such this Fathriqkm»([90]).

4. Prevent the spread of epidemics and diseases:

Patronized our religion environmental safety of the spread of epidemics and outbreaks of disease among the people, prevented people from entering the country in which the back of the plague; said the Messenger of Allah PBUH: «If you have heard of the plague in the land of not Tdkhloha, and if signed the land and you do not go out of them»([91]). Imam al-Nawawi said in a statement epidemic: “The correct told investigators that a disease many people, in the face of the earth without the other actors, and be contrary to the usual disease in multitude, and others, and be cured one kind unlike other times, the different illnesses. Said: Each plague epidemic, and not all and B. طاعونا of the”([92]).

Conclusion:

The environment created ripe for the benefit of rights and provide his needs, though God created it in a way imposed on them to integrate and cooperate with each other, and then Maintaining that lead each of the components of the environment role assigned to it is something legitimate, so that does not happen imbalance in the universe. It must for the sake of educating young people on environmental awareness, and تبصيره fact authentic Islamic attitude of the environment and stewardship, and educate the public through various means of education, and awaken religious conscience in caring for the environment, With the opportunity in front of the goal of social conscience of public opinion to exercise its role in this regard, as well as the enactment of certain laws and regulations that preserve the environment of the futility of the abusers, and to find effective channels of cooperation with international and regional institutions interested in the environment([93]).

Finally say: The destination of the Whole for each of the purposes of environmental protection is to provide a safe and dignified life for man, And protect the rights of all other creatures. I hope that may be explained by the previous detail for purposes of how to take care of our religion to protect the environment of the causes of pollution and destruction, and maintaining a healthy environment pure, even human lives the divine balance, and improves the handling of the universe and the objects on Murad Almighty Creator.

The last prayer is that all praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds.

References

Bukhari. Sahih Muslim.

Women's Sunan. Sunan Abu Dawood.

Tirmidhi collector. سنن ابن ماجه ، بحاشية الإمام السندي.

الموطأ : للإمام مالك بن أنس . مسند الإمام أحمد.

الأدب المفرد: للإمام البخاري. صحيح ابن خزيمة.

موارد الظمآن إلى زوائد ابن حبان. Zawaa'id: للحافظ الهيثمي.

مسند أبي يعلى الموصلي. Sunan major: للإمام البيهقي.

الإنسان والبيئة والتلوث البيئي: للدكتور صالح وهبي.

بشير الكرام ببلوغ المرام: للسيد محمد أمين كتبي.

Masterpiece Ahwadhi the collector explained Tirmidhi: Sheikh Mohammed Mubarak immediate.

Facilitate access to know the reasons Appearances: Sheikh Khalid Ik.

Major animal life: Imam Kamal El Din Demeiri.

Care of the environment in the Islamic Sharia: Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi.

Ways to explain attain peace Maraam: Prince San'aani.

Aoun idol Sunan Abi Dawood: Sheikh Abu Abdul Rahman great honor right Abadi.

Open Bari explain properly Bukhari: Hafiz Ibn Hajar.

Jurisprudence and its applications in the four schools: Dr. Mohammed Zoheily.

Purposes in rituals: Dr. Abdulwahab Abu Sulaiman.

Curriculum in explaining the true Muslim bin pilgrims: Imam nuclear.

Research Methodology in Islamic Jurisprudence: Dr. Abdulwahab Abu Sulaiman.


[1]) Of ” Purposes in rituals”: Dr. Abdulwahab Abu Suleiman, p 21: 23 Summary.

[2]) Of ” الإنسان والبيئة والتلوث البيئي”: Dr. Saleh Wehbe, PO Box 11, summary.

[3]) The purposes of Islamic law in the area of ​​environmental stewardship: D. Muhammad Faki.

[4]) Of ” Research Methodology in Islamic Jurisprudence characteristics and shortcomings”: Dr. Abdulwahab Abu Suleiman, PO Box 111, 115.

[5]) Al cattle: Verse 165.

[6]) Fads: Verse 10.

[7]) Hud: Verse 61.

[8]) Ar-Rahman: Verses 7-9.

[9]) Fads: Verse 85.

[10]) Surat stories: Verse 77.

[11]) Surat Roman: Verse 41.

[12]) Sura: Verse 205.

[13]) Attributed it to explain Tabari, and”Increased path” Interpretation of Ibn al-Sheikh Khaled Ik” Facilitate access to know the reasons Appearances”, P 47.

[14]) Al ants, verse 88.

[15]) Al-Furqan: Verse 2.

[16]) Thunder: Verse 8.

[17]) Al Stone: Verse 19.

[18]) Surat ants, verses 60-61.

[19]) Surat Yunus, verse 101.

[20]) Surat Al-Imran, verses 190-191.

[21]) Sura, verse 152.

[22]) Al Ibrahim, verse 7.

[23]) Narrated by Ibn Majah from bin silent worship t Ibn Abbas, t what, Imam Ahmad and al” Sunan major” The worship of t, and Daaraqutni the Aisha t, which is in ” Muwatta “Sender, Amr ibn Yahya Mazini from his father. Imam al-Sindi said in his commentary on Ibn Majah, p 542: Damage: Otherwise benefit, and the damage from Monday, meaning: No one hurt owner generally, the two can not hurt each rider; thinking that it is a matter of exchange, there is no sin in it. Uh. Prince San'aani said in” The ways of peace”, 3, pp. 632-633: Meaning: Does not hurt man his brother Vinqs, something from his right, and effectively damage, harm: Any: Not rewarded damaged enter harm him, Valdhar starting act, and the penalty damage, it. It was: Damage: What harm your neighbor and you benefit from it, and damage,: To harm him not to benefit. It was: Two words, تكرارهما to confirm. Uh

[24]) When ruling “Mustadrak” And Daaraqutni and Bayhaqi in” Sunan major” Khudri t.

[25]) Narrated by Abu Dawood and this word, and Tirmidhi and classed and Ibn Majah different walks in some of his words from Abu Srma the t.

[26]) The ways of peace: Of Prince San'aani, 3, pp. 633.

[27]) Jurisprudence and its applications in the four schools: For Dr. Mohamed Zoheily, 1, pp. 199.

[28]) Any: That request permission trapped in near.

[29]) Baari: Keep Ibn Hajar Asqallaani, 1, p 1220.

[30]) Bukhari.

[31]) Narrated by Imam Ahmad Jaber bin Abdullah t [Zawaa'id, 4, pp. 199].

[32]) Narrated by Abu Dawood and Tirmidhi from Said ibn Zaid Al-Tirmidhi and classed said: Narrated by each transmitter. Malik narrated in the “الموطأ” For sending loop. Narrated by Tirmidhi from Jabir t brief said: Hassan true.

[33]) Narrated by Abu Dawood and Son of الجارود the Samra bin grasshopper t.

[34]) Narrated by Imam Ahmad and the son Hibbaan in” Saheeh” Women in “Great” And recaps from Jabir t.

[35]) Attabarani”East” And”Great” Ms. Umm Salamah [Zawaa'id, 4, pp. 199].

[36]) Bukhari difficult bin جثامة, the t.

[37]) Explanation of Imam kind [بشير الكرام ببلوغ المرام: Sayed Mohammad Amin bookish, p 196].

[38]) Baari: Keep Ibn Hajar Asqallaani, 1, pp. 1231.

[39]) Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim, Tirmidhi from Anas t.

[40]) Narrated by Ibn Adi in “Full” Anas t.

[41]) Hafez al-Mundhiri: Seder: Buckthorn trees, per Sidra. It was: Is the hills. [Awn: Sheikh great honor right Abadi, p 2226]

[42]) Narrated by Abu Dawood and women in “Sunan major” Abdullah bin Habashi Alkhtama t, and Abu Dawood from Urwah ibn al-Zubayr EIRP.

[43]) Sunan, Imam Abu Dawood Sijistani,.

[44]) Awn: Sheikh great honor right Abadi, p 2225.

[45]) Narrated by Maalik in” الموطأ ” Yahya bin Said.

[46]) Narrated by al-Bayhaqi in”Sunan major” Saeed bin Musayyib.

[47]) Narrated by Abu Dawood in “Sunan” Amer popular EIRP.

[48]) Awn, Sheikh great honor right Abadi, p 1507.

[49]) Narrated by sheikhs and Abu Dawood from Abu Huraira.

[50]) Al cattle: Verse 38.

[51]) Narrated by only six Tirmidhi narrated from Abu Hurayrah.

[52]) Narrated by Abu Dawood and Ibn Majah.

[53]) Narrated by Abu Dawood.

[54]) Narrated by Imam Ahmad and Women Abdullah ibn Amr t.

[55]) Narrated by Imam Ahmad, Women and The homeless Son of Hibbaan the bin Sweden t.

[56]) Imam Ibn al-Salah: The months of where the break dal language, and opening months of the year public and quasi-public from the private.[Major animal life: Imam Kamal El Din Demeiri]

[57]) Narrated by Abu Dawood and women and the ruling Abu Dawood Tayaalisi,.

[58]) Narrated by al-Bayhaqi in” Sunan”. [Awn: Sheikh Azim Abadi, p 2235]

[59]) Agreed about Abdullah bin Umar, and Abu Huraira. Muslim reported in the door: Prohibition of killing Pussy.

[60]) Al-Anbiya, Verse 32.

[61]) “الإنسان والبيئة والتلوث البيئي” Dr. Saleh Wehbe, p 132.

[62]) Sura, verse 211.

[63]) Al norms, verse 31.

[64]) Al-Isra, verses 26-27.

[65]) Al-Isra, verse 29.

[66]) Al-Furqan, Aya 67.

[67]) Narrated by Imam Ahmad and Ibn Majah.

[68]) Modern Thus Broaite the- Narrated by Ibn al-Musayyib Mileage (Lengthy), And Saad novel t filed (Condensed)- Narrated by al-Tirmidhi said,: Modern strange. And narrated by Ibn al-Musayyib Lifting her ruling to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and his family and him; guaranteed to forbid legitimate thing knowable only through revelation; as planned when the people of Hadeeth.

[69]) Narrated by Muslim, Abu Dawood narrated that Abu Hurayrah.

[70]) Resources: Sewers and roads to water, including one supplier, said: Received water: If attended to drink, and roses: The water in which it appears. [Awn: Sheikh great honor right Abadi, p 26]

[71]) Narrated by Abu Dawood and Ibn Majah Maaz bin Jabal t.

[72]) Narrated by Muslim women and Ibn Majah Jabir t.

[73]) Narrated by Bukhari and this word, and Muslim, Abu Dawood narrated that Abu Hurayrah.

[74]) Attabarani “East lexicon”, And his trustworthy. [Zawaa'id: Hafiz Haythami / c 1, p 279]

[75]) Attabarani “East”In”Great” The latter part. [Zawaa'id / c 1, pp. 279-280]

[76]) Narrated by Muslim, Abu Dawood and al-Tirmidhi and Anas bin Malik t.

[77]) When Bukhari and Muslim, Abu Dawood, his t.

[78]) Narrated by al-Bazzar, and men are thiqaat. [Zawaa'id / c 8, p 145]

[79]) Narrated by Muslim, Ibn Majah.

[80]) Narrated by group.

[81]) Narrated by Muslim, Ibn Majah from Abu Dhar t.

[82]) Narrated by Imam Ahmad and Ibn Khuzaymah, the son Hibbaan in” صحيحيهما”, From Buraydah t.

[83]) Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim, Tirmidhi narrated from Abu Hurayrah.

[84]) When a Muslim.

[85]) Attabarani” Macrothesaurus” Huzaifa bin acid t. Hafiz said Haythami in” Composite”: Attributed Hassan.

[86]) Narrated Sakba in” Date of Damascus” And Abu Naim” News Isfahaan” Abu Dhar t.

[87]) Narrated by al-Bayhaqi in” People of faith” Anas bin Malik t.

[88]) Narrated by Imam Ahmad and six female only from Abdullah ibn Umar t.

[89]) Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim, Ibn Majah.

[90]) Narrated by Abu Dawood and Al-Bukhari in “الأدب المفرد” And corrected son Hibbaan and ruling.

[91]) Narrated by Imam Ahmad Bukhari Bukhaari, Muslim and Tirmidhi from Osama bin Zaid t, and so when Bukhari and Muslim, Abu Dawood said in an interview Abdullah bin Abbas t.

[92]) Explain the true Muslim, 2, p 370.

[93]) Adapted from the book “Care of the environment in the Islamic Sharia” Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi.

* ندوة تطور العلوم الفقهية فِي عمان “ الفقه الحضاري، فقه العمران”

Held during the period: (18-21) April 1431 / (3-6) April 2010:

Oman- The Ministry of Awqaf and Religious Affairs

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