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Religious texts and the protection of the environment

Religious texts and the protection of the environment *

Preparation: D. مصطفى تسيريتش

(Grand Mufti of Bosnia and Herzegovina)

Presentation

Praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad sender mercy to the worlds, and his family and companions, and those who follow them until the Day of Judgment.

إنّ الله جعل مصر هبة النيل، وجعل بلاد الرافدين هبة دجلة والفرات، وجعل شبه الجزيرة العربية هبة البحار المحيطة بها، ابتداء بالبحر الأبيض المتوسط حيث يصبّ نهر النيل، ومرورا بالبحر الأحمر فبحر العرب فالمحيط الهندي وانتهاء بالخليج العربي حيث يصب نهرا دجلة والفرات.

Where do these come from good rivers, where it comes from those wonderful sea? . The importance of water comes only from the words of the ancient Arabs that water and greenery and good side, reveal people's concerns and remove their sorrows, but the importance of the fact that water; because God Almighty says in the Holy Qur'an: ﴿… We made from water every living thing…﴾([1])So should a person be aware that water is the key to the survival of life on Earth and continues to God wills.

In fact, we are in a situation where we read those beautiful verses and brilliant what holds us of the beauty of water and power, and the emergence of life and happiness. Listen to the words of God in the Quran:

– ﴿الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الأَرْضَ فِرَاشًا وَالسَّمَاءَ بِنَاءً، وَأَنْزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَخْرَجَ بِهِ مِنَ الثَّمَرَاتِ رِزْقًا لَكُمْ فَلا تَجْعَلُوا للهِ أَنْدَادًا وَأَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ﴾([2]).

﴿إِنَّ فِي خَلْقِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَاخْتِلافِ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ وَالْفُلْكِ الَّتِي تَجْرِي فِي الْبَحْرِ بِمَا يَنْفَعُ النَّاسَ وَمَا أَنْزَلَ اللهُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مِنْ مَاءٍ فَأَحْيَا بِهِ الأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا وَبَثَّ فِيهَا مِنْ كُلِّ دَابَّةٍ وَتَصْرِيفِ الرِّيَاحِ وَالسَّحَابِ الْمُسَخَّرِ بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالأَرْضِ لآَيَات لِقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُون﴾([3]).

﴿وَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَخْرَجْنَا بِهِ نَبَاتَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ فَأَخْرَجْنَا مِنْهُ خَضِرًا نُخْرِجُ مِنْهُ حَبًّا مُتَرَاكِبًا وَمِنَ النَّخْلِ مِنْ طَلْعِهَا قِنْوَانٌ دَانِيَةٌ وَجَنَّاتٍ مِنْ أَعْنَابٍ وَالزَّيْتُونَ وَالرُّمَّانَ مُشْتَبِهًا وَغَيْرَ مُتَشَابِهٍ انْظُرُوا إِلَى ثَمَرِهِ إِذَا أَثْمَرَ وَيَنْعِهِ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكُمْ لآَيَات لِقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ﴾([4]).

﴿إِنَّمَا مَثَلُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا كَمَاءٍ أَنْزَلْنَاهُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ فَاخْتَلَطَ بِهِ نَبَاتُ الأَرْضِ مِمَّا يَأْكُلُ النَّاسُ وَالأَنْعَامُ حَتَّى إِذَا أَخَذَتِ الأَرْضُ زُخْرُفَهَا وَازَّيَّنَتْ وَظَنَّ أَهْلُهَا أَنَّهُمْ قَادِرُونَ عَلَيْهَا أَتَاهَا أَمْرُنَا لَيْلاً أَوْ نَهَارًا فَجَعَلْنَاهَا حَصِيدًا كَأَنْ لَمْ تَغْنَ بِالأَمْسِ كَذَلِكَ نُفَصِّلُ الآَيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ﴾([5]).

– ﴿وَفِي الأَرْضِ قِطَعٌ مُتَجَاوِرَاتٌ وَجَنَّاتٌ مِنْ أَعْنَابٍ وَزَرْعٌ وَنَخِيلٌ صِنْوَانٌ وَغَيْرُ صِنْوَانٍ يُسْقَى بِمَاءٍ وَاحِدٍ وَنُفَضِّلُ بَعْضَهَا عَلَى بَعْضٍ فِي الأُكُلِ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لآَيَات لِقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُونَ﴾([6]).

– ﴿وَأَرْسَلْنَا الرِّيَاحَ لَوَاقِحَ فَأَنْزَلْنَا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَسْقَيْنَاكُمُوهُ وَمَا أَنْتُمْ لَهُ بِخَازِنِينَ﴾([7]).

– ﴿وَالَّذِي أَنْزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً لَكُمْ مِنْهُ شَرَابٌ وَمِنْهُ شَجَرٌ فِيهِ تُسِيمُونَ. Grow your own corn, olives, palms, grapes and all fruits in that is a sign for those who reflect. وَسَخَّرَ لَكُمُ اللَّيْلَ وَالنَّهَارَ وَالشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ وَالنُّجُومُ مُسَخَّرَاتٌ بِأَمْرِهِ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لآَيَات لِقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُونَ. And the tops land you in different colors in it a sign for those who remember. وَهُوَ الَّذِي سَخَّرَ الْبَحْرَ لِتَأْكُلُوا مِنْهُ لَحْمًا طَرِيًّا وَتَسْتَخْرِجُوا مِنْهُ حِلْيَةً تَلْبَسُونَهَا وَتَرَى الْفُلْكَ مَوَاخِرَ فِيهِ وَلِتَبْتَغُوا مِنْ فَضْلِهِ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ. And threw in the earth firm to shake you and rivers and ways that you may تهتدون. وَعَلامَاتٍ وَبِالنَّجْمِ هُمْ يَهْتَدُونَ. Is he who creates like one that creates not do you not remember. The transgressed the grace of God ye can not reckon that God is Forgiving, Merciful. وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تُسِرُّونَ وَمَا تُعْلِنُونَ. وَالَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ لا يَخْلُقُونَ شَيْئًا وَهُمْ يُخْلَقُونَ. Dead is alive and nor can they perceive. God is one God and those who believe not in the Hereafter, their hearts refuse They are faces in arrogance. لاَ جَرَمَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا يُسِرُّونَ وَمَا يُعْلِنُونَ إِنَّهُ لا يُحِبُّ الْمُسْتَكْبِرِينَ. وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ مَاذَا أَنْزَلَ رَبُّكُمْ قَالُوا أَسَاطِيرُ الأَوَّلِينَ. لِيَحْمِلُوا أَوْزَارَهُمْ كَامِلَةً يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَمِنْ أَوْزَارِ الَّذِينَ يُضِلُّونَهُمْ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ أَلا سَاءَ مَا يَزِرُونَ﴾([8]).

I have brought to your attention this long citation of Quranic verses stones, in order to show the robustness of Muslim connection to nature, and highlighted the different aspects of this relationship, which is water the most obvious aspects. Water in the Qur'an reason for the life of everything, but it is not a myth creator, Kburam the luminous lotus flower when the ancient Egyptians. Water is not worshiped in that way, but humans have been used for the worship of the one God Sunday, ablutions before prayer five times a day, and washing after sexual contact. And water, then, is part irreplaceable in the correct Islamic way of life, which is this, kind of culture of worship for Muslims, which have had a significant impact in shaping the structure of Islamic civilization. In simple words, I would say that the Muslims without water, and I mean clean water, they can not feel reassured that they need to achieve their daily religious moral.

One might admire in human logic, when he sees the Messenger of Allah PBUH, which publishes call from the heart of the Arabian Desert, has made the need for water from the religious imperatives to his followers. The Muslims do not find that surprising at all; because the teachings of the Messenger of Allah PBUH does not come from him as a human being, but comes from God Almighty, on the tongue of His Messenger. Thus, the night and the day and the sun and the moon and the stars, clouds, wind, mountains, rain, rivers, seas and oceans, and fruit, and the types of countless creatures in nature around us, not only signs are evident for people who understand. Add to this, that these creatures have harnessed to the service of man, and to further its own interests, if man knew how to use them to achieve good against evil, and the victory of right against wrong, and for the beauty against ugliness, and for the happiness against sadness.

I think, we have gathered in this town of Taybeh, to ask ourselves whether we live in peace with nature, or are we at war with?

We are not at war with nature; because nature do not like war, but we are not at peace with it as well; because we behave like children who like to play serious games, and this scares nature. In fact, the nature of human fear more now than was afraid of human nature in the past, based on the claims of those who say that religion arose as a result of human fear of the forces of nature, preferring to explain the science, rather than the divine teachings.

Well, with all due respect fully for its flag from the interpretation of some of the actions of nature, we are still worried about the fate of the future of life on earth, and we remain in a state of fear, but fear at this time not from the forces of evil in nature, but from the forces of evil in the human soul . Of course, nature knows how to defend the spirit of good against evil spirit lurking in humans, but the price of this battle between man and nature will be high; because everything produced by human waste in the form of toxic chemicals or otherwise, upset the balance being built by Nature . I want to say that is the nature of waste at the same time essential to the nature of the food itself, while the waste produced by humans through science findings, it is a lethal weapon directed against nature.

The human race is today facing a critical challenge was not known before in the history of our planet, and must decide on the position of nature, you will be with them or against them, you will be with its water clean or with Soaúlha dirty, with seas abundant life or with plants moribund, with oceans .

Do we actually have another option, but the option of working in order to save our environment?! No, we do not have another option. Perhaps Pat's too late, to some extent, but the time was not Evtna after to realize that the waters of the Nile and the Tigris and Euphrates, and other rivers, seas and oceans, which connects flung and continents together, we have learned the necessity of communication between human beings who use that water for drinking, washing, sailing, swimming, .

I hope this symposium to draw a clear message to the whole world that we all live in Noah's Ark, regardless of their affiliations, religious and Jnciatna and Oaracna, and regardless also expressed our views, philosophical, political, and therefore, either to escape all, or perish all the planet.

In my opinion, it is better to survive all for the good of this world, so that we all hope to survive in the afterlife.

I ask God Almighty to respond to our prayers all of us, and to bless us wholes, Amen!

God's blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad sender mercy to the worlds, and his family and companions, the Almighty to the Day of Judgment.

The last prayer to thank God.


[1]) Al-Anbiya: 30.

[2]) Sura: 22.

[3]) Sura: 164.

[4]) Al cattle: 99.

[5]) Yunus: 24.

[6]) Thunder: 4.

[7]) Surat stone: 22.

[8]) Surat bees: 10-25.

* ندوة تطور العلوم الفقهية فِي عمان “ الفقه الحضاري، فقه العمران”

Held during the period: (18-21) April 1431 / (3-6) April 2010:

Oman- The Ministry of Awqaf and Religious Affairs

This article contains Comment (1)

One Response “Religious texts and the protection of the environment”

  1. arbi lyousfi says:

    limad yt7dato lisalam 3la farida lmiyah

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