Edit Translation

Jurisprudence neighbors and guests

Jurisprudence neighbors and guests *

Jurisprudence residential home for the weak fields, guesthouses

Preparation: Sheikh Mohammed Ayoub Sidqi

(Professor of Islamic Sciences, uncle Foundation Said Pegrdaah, Republic of Algeria)

– 1 –

Neighbor

God said: ) Worship Allah and join none with Him and do good to parents and relegated Alqrbya and Alitamya, the needy and the neighbor with neighbor Alqrbya and pleurisy and sidekick side and the wayfarer (([1]).

In modern Messenger of Allah PBUH: «الجيران ثلاثة: Fajar his right one, which is the lowest neighbors really, and a neighbor Hakan, and a neighbor who had three rights; Either which has one right Fajjar idolater not the womb, to Him right neighborhood, but he who has Hakan Fajjar Muslim, has the right Islam and neighborliness, but he who has [Right neighborly]»([2]).

In linguistic reference “Leasing: Saved, استجاره: Asked that Agerh, near neighbor in housing gathered neighbors and neighborhood. Neighborhood Covenant and security([3]).

It is inferred Koran in this regard: ), Although one of the infidels استجارك the immoral Anya hear the word of God (([4]). It is in the sense of safety. ﴿ وَهُوَ يُجِيرُ وَلاَ يُجَارُ عَلَيْهِ﴾([5]) وهو في معنى الحماية.

ومن الاستشهاد الأدبي قول السموأل في معنى الحماية:

وما ضرَّنا أنّا قليل وجــارنــــــا عـزيز، وجار الأكثرين ذلــيــل

وقول أبي فراس الحمداني في معنى الإنقاذ:

أنا الجار لا زادي بطيء عليهم ولا دون مالي في الحوادث باب

It is evidence of Ibn Aqil, which is in the sense of juxtaposition residential:

وما نبالي إذا ما كنتِ جـارتنا أن لا يجـاورنــــــــا إلاكِ دَيَّــــــــار

In San Arabs: “In civility from Ibn A'raabi: Neighbor who Ageork the Bait House, neighbor Naqbh the Is curious, and neighbor: Partner in the real estate. And switchboard neighbor, and the neighbor: Ally and neighbor: Nasser, and neighbor: Partner in the trade, was a mess trade or Annana, and a man, a woman neighbor neighbor… Etc. to say: Azhari said: As the Arab neighbor in the words of a potential all the meanings mentioned Son A'raabi did not permissible to interpret the words of the Prophet PBUH: «Neighbor deserving Besqubh the»: It is adjacent neighbor, but in terms of indicating Thus, فوجب request significance on what I want to do, so she significance in other traditions explained: He wanted neighbor partner who did not يقاسم, may not make such exchanges partner”([6]).

In fact, and Rhode these meanings all the Arabs in the interpretation to be symbolized neighbor to be settled in forensic custom: It is adjacent to housing, not just one that evokes the importance of what proved Islam's civilizational values ​​in the neighboring residential , and called it the rights to paint in the mind of every Muslim to care for his neighbor is not a favor from him , but it is the performance of some of his duties toward him, and the commitment of all the neighbors of this principle ideal snaps Security .

The truth is that society which Achks Koran: ﴿يُحِبُّونَ مَنْ هَاجَرَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ يَجِدُونَ فِي صُدُورِهِمْ حَاجَةً مِمَّا أُوتُوا وَيُوثِرُونَ عَلَىآ أَنفُسِهِمْ وَلَوْ كَانَ بِهِمْ خَصَاصَةٌ﴾([7]). Expressing such generosity enjoyed by the residents of Medina led by the Prophet PBUH which Wigley this fact the highest manifestations, and Perhaps rooting fraternity who founded upon the Prophet social cohesion, and the neighborhood , which built upon coexistence residential - also benefit him books Biography of the Prophet- Explains this phenomenon congenital social model , which could not these experiments behavioral human as they call the socialist system or Communist to achieve something like that , or nearly it, so that the interaction of society with the leadership on the basis of the values ​​that he believes in informed impact , and more confirmation of that imposed on . This shows us the words of the Prophet PBUH: «Still Jibril يوصيني the neighbor so I thought it سيورثه»([8]). And saying: «Neighbor deserving Besqubh the»([9]). We do not see positive compromised raised by AZHARI - as narrated from him by Ibn perspective- The possibility of the word neighbor in its origin and the multiplicity of linguistic concepts , and saw that it was not achieved Murad modern deal only neighbor is switchboards , Valjar neighbor , and the benefits and harms everyone realized in.

On this basis, wisdom recognizes the legitimacy of pre-emption for the neighbor and other exchanges, when you see it from Iraqis and Ibaadis, the hadeeth of Ibn Rafi from the Prophet PBUH, he said: «Neighbor deserving Besqubh the». It is a modern Agreed , and narrated by Abu Dawood and Tirmidhi « Casablanca deserving neighbor Neighbor House »([10]). وذلك حينما يكشف أنّ جاره لم يكن ناصحًا له، فلم يستشره في بيع ملكيته حتّى تسربت لجار جديد تحسّبًا لضرر محتمل، مع أنّه قد يكون أحسن جوارًا من القديم، لكن تجاوزه لحقّ جاره في إعلامه بهذه الرغبة أعطاه شرعية الشفعة في الحصول على تملك هذا العقار المبيع بالثمن الذي تمّ به البيع حقيقة، وعلى ضوء هذا التصور ندرك أهمية الوعيد الذي صرحت به الأحاديث فيمن رفض الشفعة أو حال دون تحقيقها لمستحقّها، مثل قوله صلعم: « Boycotted the pre-emption is not comforting smell of henna »([11]). Note that what A_ha of some of arbitrariness in this legitimate right does not allow him to purchase the property shall uphold the unauthorized price in the contract document with the knowledge that the deal was much higher than.

The recommendation issued by the Quranic words format command at the beginning)…Worship God…(Source format to do during MP) and parents charity…( Left no room for hesitation in considering charity and moral duty at the instigation of Islam followers to show him. Then what is stated in talk of various styles emphasize its importance , such as modern Abu Shurayh Alkhozai marfoo « Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day other Fleihsn to his neighbor »([12]). The transfer from his companions in ensuring its implementation, such as Al-Bukhaari in a single literature from Abdullah ibn Umar t “He slaughtered a sheep and started to say to his servant,: Dedicated to our Jewish neighbor, dedicated to our Jewish neighbor? : «Still Jibril يوصيني the neighbor so I thought it سيورثه, after owner Al Manar on this text by saying: This is evidence that Ibn Umar absolute understanding of the commandments in the neighbor they include Muslim and non-Muslim, and not to mention his understanding and knowledge of([13]). It is stated in the talk of condemnation to harm the neighbor. « Do you know what the right neighbor ? . Following upon the pole Tfayyesh God's mercy, saying: “And to be in it and so on of Merida was full of faith let it be well. And is obtained from this that it was full of faith is Mtcef pity God created the word well, or سكوتا for evil, or really what benefit or left to hurt” اهـ([14]).

Then we find encouraging scientists in the diagnosis of this charity to be. And that Roy was in the pole moved God's mercy in easing: “Do you know what the right neighbor ? ”([15]). And some of this talk also directed the pole in his book collector reunion, said the Messenger of Allah PBUH: «Right neighbor that promised to disease, even if he dies Shiites, though Astkarzk the lent, although one-eyed - is committed Taiba- His jacket , although the injury is better congratulated him , though hit him calamity Azith , the no lift بناءك above construction , فتسد the wind it , do not hurt him a destiny except that wind scoops him to do »([16]). The interview also reported the pole in the Nile explain «sanctity neighbor to neighbor as sacred as his blood, and is not insured Pat شبعانا and his neighbor is hungry. There man Pat شبعانا and his neighbor Tao - and Roy arms folded- Aware of it and did not feed it, but God was innocent of it and I am innocent of it »([17]). The charity neighbor gifting him, and his call to the food, and his pledge to visit the clinic([18]). Sheikh Salmi said God's mercy([19]):

وليس حقّ الجار أن تكفّا عنه الأذى وتبسطَ الأكفا

بل حقّه أن تحــمــــلــــن أذاه وتدفعن عــنــــه الــــذي آذاه

It was: من بجاره استــعــانا في جائز يلزم أن يــــعــــانــــــا

إن اشتريت طرفا استِرها([20]) وواجب تعطيه إن تظهرهــا

وهكذا إذا طبخت قِدرا أنِلْه، أو فأخْــــــف ذاك سرّا

وإنّه لا يسع الإنــــــســــــانا أن يمنع الأرحام والــجــيرانا

من نفع بيته بغير حــــــــــــقٍّ وإنّما المنع لــمــــســتــحــــــــق

وقيل فيمن يصلنَّ رَحِــمه: وصلَه الباري به ورحِــمَــــــه

وهكذا فيمن أجار جــاره أغاثه الخالق أو أجــــــــــــــاره

And multiple formats of these recommendations and denounce the violation methods varied views of scientists in determining on this neighborhood? : Two on the right hand of the house and the third on the left. And tell in this regard guided from Aisha, may Allah be Tstfti Prophet that her neighbors Which Permanent him? ([21]). These views strangest: Neighbor: As much as a voice Amorv!This presupposes the existence of detached houses and a very delicate barriers, and unless voted Amorv have not heard from outside the kitchen, even of the rooms inside the house. It seems that the first views into account is referred to the owner of Al-Manar, saying: “Right and indeterminacy, and refer to the custom, and the closest right is stronger”([22]).

Based on the foregoing decided Jawarah rights imposed by custom, to prevent any act hurt by neighbor. For example,: No one is allowed to open a window overlooking the courtyard neighbor only to cover the bottom , so you can not consider them to the yard.

It's that: What is the decision we have in Mzab , especially in the old palace where Taatlasq home, and do not have a port , but the net is open to the top in a bowl of the house, noted that home was mostly Mnasc actuation where the ladies in the house , and it sets up the wall tribal or west to a certain distance , in order to . Those who are interested in upholding the wall more than allowed to get permission from a neighbor or leave him (Harima) From the roof of his home area equivalent rise. Although not do Vlgar the aggrieved to raise against a lawsuit , and obtained the right court ruling.

It's that: We have in existing routes located in the old shops of the right of passage of water into the street by neighbors, or liquefied water to the land of neighbors. Right up Sakia so.

The pipes that arise to drain excess water from the need , which intended disposal Kamiazib the rain that hit the road.

It's that: Right of passage if you had to be within the territory of the neighbor, to gain access to his property through that corridor. There is no right to underway to prevent the use of his right neighbor in the. And so on([23]).

وقد تعرّض الزحيلي إلى المرجعية الأصولية لأئمّة المذاهب ومواقفهم في ذلك. فذكر عن أبي حنيفة بمقتضى القياس والشافعية والظاهرية: أنّ صاحب الملك يتصرّف في ملكه كيف يشاء ولو أدّى إلى إضرار بغيره!!

He said Alsahban [Judge Abu Yusuf and Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Shaibani]: The so restricted that does not lead to the detriment of obscene neighbors. It Mufti at the tap, and that's what hurts the neighbor serious harm. If turns his house into an oven or mill, or cause attenuation in the wall of the neighbor or so.

He said Maliki and Hanbali: Adhere to the use of the owner that does not hurt others even if the intention and purpose. But the famous the Maalikis that does not prevent the person if he wants to raise a structure prevents the neighbor's light and the sun, and prevents If you wanted to build a structure prevents air. Maliki agreed to prevent the types of damage updated: Open a skylight or energy reveals neighbor Faamr the Bsdha or concealed.

“The conclusion in expression Zoheily that the most powerful trend in Islamic jurisprudence allows the owner to dispose of his property, including no damage to neighbor. What that super harm or confused in which case it is forbidden”([24]).

Does not go beyond the newborn for this part of the subject without having to refer to what is customary in our region “Mizab” And knows “The Alqrat system”([25]), As a result التحرج the and Baltathm sensation because of dereliction of duty. وخلاصته أن يسجل الموصي في وصيته إهداء قطع من اللحم للخلطاء في حياته ـ بما فيهم الجيران ـ كرمز من الموصي لطلب الصفح والعفو عمّا يكون من تقصير في حقّهم، ـ ويمكن للشخص أن يقوم بهذا الإهداء في حياته ـ فيلتزم الوكيل بتنفيذ هذا الإهداء، فمن قبل الهدية فهو تعبير ضمني منه أنّه لا يكنّ في قلبه مشاعر تذمّر نحو المتوفّى، وإن رفض الهدية فعلى الوكيل أن يتدخل بالاتصال بهذا الجار أو غيره من الخلطاء، ويتعرّف على السبب ويسعى في استخلاص العفو لصالح الميّت.

-2 –

Hospitality

Seems that the launch of the word “Righteousness” In the field of language intended to psychological serenity in the kindness of others. It was here in ignorance than in its significance meaning of kindness or generosity ; because they are in the sense of satisfaction to kindly not without a sense of pride or waiting for the bonus , so we see the word of righteousness “The meaning of honesty, obedience, and relevant, and reform, and expanding in charity to the people, and the desire to provide good for them”([26]), For this we see, for example, a description of honoring one's parents; is a bar opposite hampered.

As we can see use in the field of NATO and a description of the committed perjury, it is said Barr with his right hand, if no longer has any thought of repudiation. Note that the right, in particular, the status value when the ignorant. Said Nabigha:

حلفت فلم أترك لنفسك ريـبــــة

Perhaps the military alliance of tribal and dedication in its commitment to the good of what explains this phenomenon.

There is no doubt that the satisfaction of the people of Paradise to bestow on them from pure bliss of impurities makes them remember their past in this world , and maximize A_i_aarhm of absolute divine Menna saying: ) I we were before in our people Mhfiqin the it is God us and Oukana the torment of toxins Verily we were before we call it is the righteousness Rahim (([27]).

“Does not go out the use of jurists to this word for the linguistic means is they have the name of the whole bounties collector, that is intended embryogenesis moral good with people, kindness to them and their relationship and honesty with them, and with the Creator his commitment and avoid prohibitions…Etc.”([28]).

Thus we have seen how employed by Islam توظيفا the wonderful expression of this ideal scenario for those who feed the food to his love… Saying: ﴿اِنَّمَا نُطْعِمُكُمْ لِوَجْهِ اللَّهِ لاَ نُرِيدُ مِنكُمْ جَزَآءً وَلاَ شُكُورًا﴾([29]).

فالبرُّ إذن مثالية يعتبرها الإسلام برهانا على الإيمان الخالص “والصدقة برهان” This what Ncicvh of verse ) can never attain righteousness Anya spend what you love (([30]). The more spending in difficult circumstances , especially before they are top of the word Islam was proof of the firmness of this faith ) does not equal any of you spent by the Open and fought those greater degree than those who spent Mnm after they fought and both God promised Al_husnya the (([31]).

When he found foolish skeptics in the credibility of the new revelation chance in Qibla conversion of Jerusalem to the Kaaba. And exploited the Jews in particular Balerjav and promotion to discredit the new religion, even though they expect to achieve, an illustration of what they find it in their books) but those who received the Scripture to know that truth from their Lord (([32]), Claiming that the appearance of righteousness is the fulfillment of to kiss the prophets ex. And to go to Mecca personal nostalgia Muhammad to his native. This denial of righteousness and virtue, and to fulfill the genuine kiss as an expression of separatist and after the fact of religiosity and righteousness in fulfilling those Oooh and نصروه. Came the verses that express who disguised this Qibla know before others that achieve what they find written with them in the Torah and the Bible: ﴿الذِينَ ءَاتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْرِفُونَهُ كَمَا يَعْرِفُونَ أَبْنَآءَهُمْ وَإِنَّ فَرِيقًا مِّنهُمْ لَيَكْتُمُونَ الْحَقَّ وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ﴾([33]).

Those who يستسيغون to manipulate recommendations divine , and they know that falsification of the truth but evade recognition of the claim affiliation with ) when he came to them what they knew disbelieve (([34]). And if this is what it means to the Prophet PBUH in the comparison between the mainland and the sin in his famous: « What mainland reassured him self , and the sin which wavers in the chest and was afraid to get out people it , استفت yourself If people أفتاك and Ovetok »([35]).

So came the verses critical of the fact of righteousness , and refer people to their consciences to the Truth. The issue of kiss that raised around a storm in a cup but is planning to go and informant for obedience ), and made ​​us kiss that you must not know who follow the Messenger who is turning high heels (([36]). It was appropriate to clarify the correct perception of righteousness and justified: ﴿لَيْسَ الْبِرُّ أَن تُوَلُّواْ وُجُوهَكُمْ قِبَلَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ وَلَكِنِ الْبِرُّ مَنَ ـ امَنَ بِاللهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الاَخِرِ وَالْمَلآَئِكَةِ وَالْكِتَابِ وَالنَّبِيئِينَ وَءَاتَى الْمَالَ عَلَىا حُبِّهِ ذَوِي الْقُرْبَىا وَالْيَتَامَىا وَالْمَسَاكِينَ وابْنَ السَّبِيلِ﴾([37]). So keen believers fear that guided the revelation: ) Why spend (فجاءهم answer: ) Amnesty Say (([38]). Any virtuous need without costing. When repeated the question the answer is on the way style wise: It does not matter what تنفقون!That see to Erhristitkm and the desire to provide a benefit to anyone who is his people: ﴿يَسْأَلُونَكَ مَاذَا يُنفِقُونَ؟ قُلْ: مَآ أَنفَقْتُم مِّنْ خَيْرٍ فَلِلْوَالِدَيْنِ وَالاَقْرَبِينَ وَالْيَتَامَىا وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ..﴾ ([39]).

And for the wayfarer in this area: Land or contribute to the public good gesture especially 're going with later.

If Balsahabp y beating the finest examples in this initiative and preemption to the good, and worth in this regard that some samples older than mentioned earlier, Mr. For more useful: “In the novel, the Bgoa: It was a man from Bani Ghaffar said to have appointed Rome, and was selling them Girba extended, the Prophet PBUH said to him,: «Tbniha into paradise?» Said, 'O Messenger of Allah: I do not have nor to عيالي the other, bringing Osman Vastraha, thirty-five thousand dirhams. And then came to the Prophet PBUH said: أتجعل me what made him? : «Yes, he has made it to the Muslims».

“Anas t said it was Abu Talha Ansari city more money. It was like money to him “Berh”([40])The receptor of the mosque, and the Messenger of Allah PBUH enter and drink from the water ok, when this verse was revealed: ) Can never attain righteousness Anya spend what you love (([41]), The Abu Talha to the Messenger of Allah PBUH said: The Almighty God says in his book: ) Can never attain righteousness Anya spend that which ye love (although I love my money to Berh , and it is a charity to God I honor her and Zka with God , Vdaha the O Messenger of Allah , where desired, said the Messenger of Allah PBUH: «Squirt, that money winner, so money winner!I have heard what I said, and I think that makes it kin. Vksmha Abu Talha relatives and the children of his uncle([42]).

“And Ibn 'Umar, may Allah be pleased with him: Omar hit the ground Khaybar came the Prophet PBUH Astamrh. Said: O Messenger of Allah, I am I was on the ground Khaybar've never had money never is souls've got him what its order me? : «The you want locked origins , and charity is an incredible age ; they are not sold or donated or inherited, and believe in the poor and kin in the necks in the way of Allah and the wayfarer and the guest. Not on the wing of her guardian to eat them right and feed is Mtamol”. Al-Tirmidhi said: Work on this talk to the scholars of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah PBUH and others, we do not know of one of the applicants whom the difference. This was the first stop in Islam uh([43]).

Hospitality is a manifestation of the generosity and kindness of the Arabs since ignorance is the source of Dvt guy hospitality: I got him a guest. And added and his guest أنزلته you a guest, they added sense tilt([44]). The guest host tends to honor him and Aanassa him. In the Qur'an: ) فأبوا that Bivohma (([45]). Was from the visitors' Mphakm Ikram, and honored whatever it relaxes to hospitality, rest assured that it is Mstthagl. It was said in that:

بشاشة وجه المرء خير من القِرى فكيف بمن يأتي به وهو ضاحك

And villages: What is offered to the guest to celebrate his arrival. Perhaps the Quranic reference to Abraham and his guest honorees: ), What's just that stated Wheeled Haniv (([46]) Expressive image of this exploit, and imposed by the nature of their environment which Tqtadhahm mobility. It is a saying attributed to sage summer Arabs أكتم the bin: “Zlloa أخلاقكم demands, and Codoha, to Mahamd, and taught her Makarem, in تقيموا the create Tzmonh of you and others. Arrived from the desired you and تحلوا the Paljod Axpkm love. Tguetta not stingy Vtjloa poverty”. أخذه شاعر فقال:

أمن خوف فقر تــعــــجّــــلــــتَــــــه وأخَّرت إنفــــــاق ما تــجــمــــــع؟

فصرت الفقيرَ وأنت الغــنــــــــيُّ! وما كنت تعـدو الذي تصنع([47])

Islam then assured hospitality , and considered of morals that sent the Prophet PBUH to complete it , and in the modern « If there comes cream folk Vokrmoh »([48]). And Roy «Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day Vlkerm home, his prize day and night and tells the day and night and hospitality three days and above charity»([49]).

Valziafah based on visits and choices. What the scholars of the duties of hospitality. Kcolhm: “Not find Bmvcod or skimp Bmugod the”. It also did not prejudice the subject of guidance of mentors for each of the guest and host to take into account the proper etiquette. The mother of believers Aisha asked for a verse) If Taemtem the فانتشروا not Remodel A modern (([50]). Those who stayed? : I got in Althagla!And the best of what the poet said in this regard:

لا تكن ضيفًا ثــقــيلا يكره القوم لــقــــــاءك

ليس من ذنب أنــــــاس أن يكونوا أصــدقاءك

فتحِلَّ الصبح فــــيــهم واصِلا فيهم مـــــساءك

أنت لا تدري إلى كــم تزعج الخِــــــــــلّ إزاءك

فعساه مــســتــعــيــــــــرًا لك من قومٍ عــشـــــاءك

وعساه مــســتــمــــــــــدًا لك من قوم غِــــطــــاءك

إنّ في الفندق مـــأواك وفي السوق غِــــــــــذاءك

إن تزر فَلْيَكُ غِـــبًّـــــــــا ثمّ لا تكثِــر بــقــــــاءك

رُبَّ من يلقاك رحـــبًـــا يكسر الزِّيــــرَ وراءَك!

ومن نوادر الضيافات والزيارات أقص هذه القصة بالمناسبة نقلا من كتاب العقد الفريد: “وقال الربيع بن زياد الحارثي: You factor Ash'ari Bahrain, wrote to Umar ibn al-Khattab ordered him to come he and his workers, and that Istkhalafoa of is Tqathm even go back. When we come “Ervo” [Molly age] I said O Ervo I means Mstrushd , tell me which bodies like the faithful to see the workers ? . Then we went on the age of the, Vcefna between his hands, and went up in us towards the look, did not take a sample anybody else, Vdani said: Who are you? : Spring ibn Ziyad Al-Harthy, said: And take our business? : Bahrain, said: How and kicking? : Five dirhams every day, he said: Many!What you do with them? : Otqot them something, finest Bbagaha on Lee's relatives, and older preferred For poor Muslims. Said: Nothing wrong, go back to your position, so she went back to the row of topical. Then stepped up to us and towards the same did not fall, but Ali, Vdani, he said: How your age? : Forty-three years, he said,: Now, when persisted, then called the food and my friends are new era Blaine live. Has Tjoat him! He came bread crusty Ocasar the beast , and started my companions يعافون made ​​whole and good at eating , I looked if Elhzna from them, and then preceded me your wish I Scht in the ground and did not walrus , I said, O Commander of the Faithful: The people need to goodness, if deliberately to food is softer than this? : How do you say? : I say if you look at O ​​faithful to your strength from flour, Vijbz you the day before your control him, and you cook the meat well Vtaty Lena bread and meat Garba. And he was speechless from the west. Said: This meant? : Yes! O spring I said if we want to we fill this Rehab Salaúq & alloy and Snab , but I saw God on a people mourned their cravings , he said: ) Ozhpettm the Taibatkm in your world and استمتعتم lives (and then ordered Moses to Ikrna the father on my work, and replaces Bosahabi”([51]).

* * *


Hospitality from a jurisprudential perspective:

Umar, may Allah be pleased with him is really hospitality, but it said: “If مررتم a quad Ebel or shepherd Vnadoh the three Ojapkm the one Fastsagoh, and only فانزلوا and Ahbawa and drink then Sroa the”, And therefore imposed on the dhimmis who passed them from Muslims and considered part of the tribute([52]).

– Malik was asked about the meaning of modern (Advanced modern entertainment of visitors) He said honor and Athvh day and night for three days Those four hospitality.

– It is another interview «أجيزوا delegations about what you Ogizhm»([53]).

Ibn al-Battal: “The prize is not obligatory, hospitality and obligatory, and the meaning of of what Tthvh leave, even when he was leaving”.

– In the Nile: “The scar is down by that honor and doing (Served) Himself, and his right to give him the best of what at home and accelerates his Baish, and saves his prayer times, his mount with watering and feed and do not miss the face.

And impose Kvaúa hospitality of the neighborhood as a whole, that did not mean anyone no benefit Boukhasth. Not views سكوتا the Oziavk Viouhhoa not employed, do not sit with them weigh them”([54]).

– The Pole: “And who says that it Hospitality Ahmad ibn Hanbal, said: The guest takes enough money from the hostel him or his garden and planted the socks. The majority of our people said: Hospitality is not obligatory, and held that it is obligatory on the beginning of Islam as sympathy was due, and carried the introduction of the non-satisfaction of the destitute. And fine instead of what he took. To talk [Including]: «Does not solve the capital of a Muslim only good for the same»”([55]).

And jurists guidelines for the Guests:

Is not permissible to evaluate even worry host , nor degrade what gave him not throw his eyesight to aspects of the house , and go in and out with his permission , do not tell the mystery of the household , and brings to his Lord with others without permission that advocates.

And a poor excuse for not finding adds. It is not permissible for guests to reside with him on it, do not ask him what craves only if the owner of the house so rejoice([56]).

The fitness not يفاجئه the visit , especially in this day and age as can be contacted in advance by telephone only if aware that it does not hurt so.

Without forgetting the alarm to what it was designed homes in the gutter that they contain private suites to welcome guests.

The Glossary Ibadi([57]) To the Department of Awqaf in Amman called Stop hospitality, makes the proceeds of this endowment honoring a guest who Fit the village , and this is usually stay the hand of a village or tribe such as Shaykh , and it seems that Real Estate rent exploited for the benefit of these expatriate community.

Wayfarers and the wisdom of the label:

The word “Wayfarer” That we find in the public occasions mainland of Zakat expenses, and incitement to spending, White Wayfarer and the division of shade and five of the spoils, it is more accurate expression in significance to portray the needs of the movement and exposed travelers in fees and transportation and accommodation. And the suffering is far from his family and homeland of the costs of alienation, and anxiety away , especially mobility conditions for those stranded far from home causes near and far, and then look to us clearly the importance of nominated “Wayfarer” As it is called “I'm Country” Which is known among his family and his family a comfortable among his people. In the past, said the popular proverb “Your country Ibnask, and the country people Blpasc” Any your value in your country Bakomk, people in the homelands Blpasc. Soon this sense as saying: “Basque to when Nzulk Akram knowledge to after Nzulk of Akram”. In the meaning of satisfaction to the words of the poet homelands:

فألقت عصاها واسقرّ بها النوى كما قرَّ عينًا بالإيّاب المسافـر

Here show the importance of public utilities to improve roads and dissemination of hotels , resorts and youth fields , and agencies baths and analogues , which relieves the traveler a lot of these burdens. With what we know of people CARROT Islam in the beating in the ground: Seeking the provision and application of science and walk in the land to the poll , and consider the fate of the United relict and intellectual openness , in addition to other reasons which urges the many texts in the Qur'an and the Hadith.

And understand the explanation of this label “Wayfarer”, Which is generally defined:

When Ibadi: Interrupted from his family out Omayala not him money and did not find a loan and not religious([58]). When the majority of scholars benefit Qaradawi also a metaphor for the traveler who pass from country to country([59]). ويروى عن الطبري عن مجاهد، قال: Wayfarer right in Zakat albeit rich if disconnected. Ibn Zaid said: Traveler Wayfarer was rich or poor, if you hit expense or lost or hit something or not him something Vhakh and duty([60]).

The condition some Maalikis and Shaafa'is that does not find lend or Asilvh in that place where he is. وخالفهم آخرون من علماء المذهبين.

ورجح ابن العربي والقرطبي أن يُعطى الزكاة ولو وجد من يسلفه، وفي رأيهما أن لا يدخل تحت مِنَّة أحدٍ فقد وجد مِنَّة الله ونعمتَه.

وقال الحنفية: The first has to borrow as much as he does not have to passport inability performance.

And the public as curious about his country, even if this left in the country; because it is unable to access it and use It Kalmtm in his right.

Qaradawi has been praised to the facility from the values ​​of Islam and what he said in that: “إنّ عناية الإسلام بالمسافرين الغرباء والمنقطعين لهي عناية فذّة، لم يعرف لها نظير في نظام من الأنظمة أو شريعة من الشرائع، وهي لون من ألوان التكافل الاجتماعي فريد في بابه، فلم يكتف النظام الإسلامي بسدّ الحاجات الدائمة للمواطنين في دولته، بل زاد على ذلك برعاية الحاجات الطارئة التي تعرض للناس لأسباب وظروف شتّى كالسياحة والضرب في الأرض، وخاصّة في عصور لم تكن في طرق المسافرين بها فنادق أو مطاعم أو محطات معدّة للاستراحة كما في عصرنا”([61]).

When necessary in Almizabion transport for trade outside their area (Mzab) In all parts of the country Algerian incited social leadership of Azabh and notables benefactors to donate including enjoys it Erhristithm to buy shops are a haven for travelers while roaming in the road, and the headquarters for their communities in the country where they are located in abundance where they gather for prayer group, and the exploitation of events to raise awareness of, and thus became the أوقافا constantly growing . And named the customary “Diar throne” (The throne is intended to people), Then spread these headquarters and chapels outside the home, was known Mzabeyen homes in the Hijaz, Mecca, Medina and Jeddah, and in France, Paris, Marseille and other. Now hardly metropolitan city in Algeria 's major cities north and south , but , where the headquarters of known to Mizabeyen the. Was and still have a significant role in facilitating the tasks of mobility , especially for families and shelter , and help expatriates to spend their interests with those of the city, especially when expanded activities of the nation to open cultural institutions and schools , and this is the best of what contributed by philanthropists in projects wayfarers([62]).

Our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in Faith, and the last prayer is that all praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds.


[1]) Nisa: 36. Verses mentioned in this research telling workshops wholesome.

[2]) Narrated by al-Bazzar and Abu el-Sheikh in reward and Abu Naim Jaber. Look: Collector ring reunion in an interview with the apostles of the pole Tfayyesh, c 2, p 476.

[3]) Encyclopedia of the twentieth century to a unique and serious, substance neighbor, c 3, p 274.

[4]) Surat Repentance: 6.

[5]) Al-believers: 89.

[6]) Ibn Manzoor: San Arabs ocean, substance: Gore.

[7]) Al-Hashr: 9.

[8]) Look: Interpretation of Al-Manar, 5 c / r 92.

[9]) Look: Shawkaani: Neil Awtaar, 5 c / r 354.

[10]) Averroes: The beginning of the industrious, 2 c / r 256, and see: Clarification, 8 c / r 11.

[11]) Look: Shammakhi: Clarification, 8 c / r 11.”Margin”.

[12]) Look: Interpretation of Al-Manar, 5 c / r 92.

[13]) The same source and page.

[14]) Look: Nile explain of the pole Tfayyesh, 5 c / r 113.

[15]) Facilitation of the pole, 3 c / r 220. And on the sidelines: Narrated Mundhiri in the book rights.

[16]) Anzerh c 1 / r 476. The director's comments on the sidelines: Ibn Hajar said this talk Roy isnaads, and flimsy but their directors difference feels that talking to him originally, uh.

[17]) Explain the Nile, 5 c / r 112.

[18]) Look: Al-Manar, 5 c / r 92.

[19]) Core of the system, c 4 / p 320.

[20]) Perhaps a typographical error and imposed by the grammatical rule weight العروضي increase fulfillment penalty Fastrha the. Core of the system, c 4 / p 320.

[21]) Look: Explain the Nile, 5 c / r 124.

[22]) Look: Al-Manar, 5 c / r 92. And compare liberation and enlightenment Ben Achour, 5 c / r 51.

[23]) Look: Islamic jurisprudence and evidence, C 6 / Y 4557.

[24]) Look: Zoheily, Islamic jurisprudence and evidence, Dar thought edition, 6 c / r 4681 and Beyond.

[25]) Called “Tasagar” Or “Tesgran” Verbally Barbarian: Look: Glossary Ibadi, 2 c / r 848. However, it is considered a gift and not a charity because they pay even for the rich and non-Muslims, and lest rejected does not accept charity.

[26]) Look: Dr. Mahmoud Abdel Rahman Abdel Moneim, glossary and jurisprudential words, 1 c / r 370.

[27]) Al-Tur: 25-27.

[28]) Look: Dr. Mahmoud Abdel Rahman Abdel Moneim, the same source, c 1 / r 370.

[29]) Al rights: 9.

[30]) Sura: 91.

[31]) Sura iron: 10.

[32]) Sura: 144.

[33]) Sura: 146.

[34]) Sura: 89.

[35]) Narrated by Ahmad ibn Hanbal and recaps, indexed dictionary of modern, Bur material, c 1/160.

[36]) Sura: 142.

[37]) Sura: 177.

[38]) Sura: 217.

[39]) Sura: 213.

[40]) A grove of palm trees next to the Prophet's Mosque.

[41]) Sura: 92.

[42]) A former Mr. any make it a moratorium on relatives. This is the origin of the National endowment.

[43]) Mr. previous, jurisprudence year, 3 c / r 518. And Beyond. See: Explain the Nile, 12 c / r 454 and Beyond.

[44]) Look: Kamel Mohammed Al-Jazzar, unique lexicon of the meanings of the words of the Quran Majeed, substance: Guest, 1 c / r 613.

[45]) Cave: 77.

[46]) Hud: 69.

[47]) Look: Contract unique to Ibn Abd Rabbo, 1 c / r 226.

[48]) The same source, p 225.

[49]) Explain the Nile, 5 c / r 193 and Beyond.

[50]) Surat parties: 53.

[51]) Ibn Abd Rabbo, Alfred decade, 1 c / r 14, 15. In the story across many biography and severity of life with the workers, and Takecvh, not devoid of some of the staff's intelligence and ingenuity to retain their posts.

[52]) Look: Encyclopedia of jurisprudence Omar ibn al-Khattab, Dr. Mohammed Rawas Ji Castle, p 475.

[53]) Narrated by Women.

[54]) Look: Explain the Nile, 5 c / r 193. And Beyond

[55]) The same source, p 206.

[56]) The same source, p 216 quote.

[57]) Glossary Ibadi, 2 c / r 1091.

[58]) Look: Explain the Nile, 5 c / r 192.

[59]) Qaradawi, citing Tabari.

[60]) Qaradawi, Zakat jurisprudence, 2 c / r 680. And the little house exact Omar bin Khattab and put it in the way of Mecca and Medina. And also to Omar bin Abdul Aziz.

[61]) Look: Zakat jurisprudence professor Qaradawi, 2 c / r 656 and beyond, a search values ​​in the theme.

[62]) Look: Haj Saeed, Date Mzab, i 2, p 69.

* ندوة تطور العلوم الفقهية فِي عمان “ الفقه الحضاري، فقه العمران”

Held during the period: (18-21) April 1431 / (3-6) April 2010:

Oman- The Ministry of Awqaf and Religious Affairs

This article contains Comment (1)

One Response “Jurisprudence neighbors and guests”

  1. Solomon Kharrazi says:

    Thank you my teacher cream on such sites useful

Write your comment here

Please put article below
Name
Email
Site
Your comment