Imam Muhammad bin lovable civilized radiation

Imam Muhammad bin lovable civilized radiation *

Researcher:

Sheikh Mohammed bin door Sheikh Haj

Teacher at the Institute of Qarara, Algeria

Has infused originated schools and schools of Islamic jurisprudence late first century and early second century of the Hijra of the Prophet, including the doctrine or the Ibadi school in the forefront or vanguard. Whatever the case identify the phases of Islamic jurisprudence or Islamic law temporal limits, as some people went to him, according to the centuries or political eras of the Islamic state, or identified as substantive features select it or classified:

1- Developed real legislation: Proper sense of the legislation, which is a special revelation from God  It is a real legislator, and Revelation Almthelo, a year indicated in the Koran, in word and deed and a report, and this particular phase of prophecy reign period Prophet , from the commencement of the revelation revelation of the words of God : ) Read the name of the Lord who created, created man from a clot Read and thy Lord is Most Generous who taught by the pen taught man what he knew not ((1), And ending with the revelation of the words of Allah, the Almighty: ) And fear a Day when you will be returned to God and then died all the same as earned and they will not be wronged ((2).

2- Free absolute diligence phase: Diligent is not restricted only to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah fixed right, all the time is correct, as what enters tucking and falsehood and the situation, whatever the: In word or deed, or a report, no matter how proven, and wherever found. This phase was a feature companions , especially hardworking of them, الراسخين in science, who Habahm God carry laws, and jurisprudence of religion from its sources, but from its source only net: Messenger of Allah , in word and deed and biography, manners and ethics and the treatment, with God , however God created all of us, was to create a great, and it was created by the Koran, as of God upon this, she said it like wives to the mother of believers Aisha: «Was created by the Koran». He praised God created cream, where he says: ) And you are creating a great ((3).

3- The process of the emergence of schools of Islamic jurisprudence: And تأصيلها at the hands of imams founders, starting from some senior officers such as Jabir bin Zeid, Awzaa'i, and revolutionary, and Hasan al-Basri, and Said ibn al-Musayyib, Saeed bin Jubair, then junior officers and their followers, including imams doctrines famous remaining, which is the order in historic:

• Abu Hanifa, known as the Great Imam.

• imam of Dar al-Hijrah: Imam Malik bin Anas.

• Imam Muhammad bin Idris Shafi'i.

• Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, on the distinctiveness and fame Bmssande to talk.

• Imams of the Ahl al-Bayt Shia Imam Ali bin Abi Talib and face, such as Imam Zaid bin Ali bin Al-Hussein and Imam Jafar Sadeq bin Mohammed Baqir.

• David Ben Ali of virtual Sijistani.

• There may be others, and may be each Mzamna for some time-a few with him, or delayed him بأمد the short.

4- Phase IV of jurisprudence, or Islamic legislation: The process of branching or conclusion: And senior pupils appeared every imam like Abu Yusuf, Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Shaibani, Kabiri students dad Hanifa. Ibn al-Qasim and Ibn Wahab and Yahya bin Yahya and their ilk senior disciples of Imam Malik ibn Anas. , البويطي and peers of the top students of Imam Shafi'i days of his stay in Iraq or days stability in Egypt. As well as senior Shiite imams pupils.

Called this phase the process of graduation and subsidiarity; because these pupils adult Aatkova the words of their imams, and crowded around, Istntqunha and Istoldonha provisions of sub-issues emerging or anticipated, according to the life and requirements of the time, or anticipated by the breadth of the Islamic state from the borders of China and beyond in the east, to the shores of the Sea of ​​Darkness . I put doctrinal issues encyclopedias Sub-realistic or possible, in light of the state or the major Islamic countries at the time: Abbasid state and structures or Rbebatha in the East, and Western countries and North Africa, كالدولة the Umayyad Andalucia and Asrha of state Ibadhi Rustumiya in most of North Africa: Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Morocco, Mauritania and the Western Sahara, and Asrha state Aghlabids north Tunisia and northeastern Algeria, state Idrisid north of Morocco and northwestern Algeria. In that period, this discharge formed jurisprudence encyclopedias, such as: Mabsoot for سرخسي, and mother-to-book Shafi or البويطي, and Blog Sahnoun and… And… And many more.

5- The fifth phase of the process of stagnation and deflation, retreat and shrinkage, counterfeiting and dull mental: Reaction and Antekas down setbacks and Alanazamat the suffered by Muslim countries and Muslims in general, in the East at the hands of the Mongols and the Tatars, and in Morocco at the hands of the Spanish and Portuguese. The two countries have become extinct العظيمتان the Abbasids of Baghdad (Iraq)، والدول الأموية من غرناطة وقرطبة أيام ملوك الطوائف، فاستكان المسلمون، خاصة العلماء وطلبة العلم منهم، فتفرقوا وانطووا على أنفسهم، ورأوا أن لا داعي للاجتهاد وإعمال العقل، إذ لم يعد يدفعهم العالَم أو الحياة إلى التجديد، وكل شيء مستطر في الموسوعات، وما على طالب العلم والمعرفة إِلاَّ أن يستوعب ما فيها حفظا؛ فأغلقوا على أنفسهم باب الاجتهاد والجهاد بإجهاد عقولهم، وأقبلوا على حفظ بل اختصار تلك الموسوعات وحفظ مختصراتها، فصبغ واصطبغ الفقه وعلومه كلها ـ بل وكل العلوم اللسانية ـ بصبغة الاختصار والألغاز، مِمَّا دعاهم مرة أخرى إلى شرح وحل تلك الألغاز، وفك غموضها، وحل معضلاتها، وقد دارت العلوم الشرعية وآلياتها وطلابها ومريدوها في دوامة وحلقات مفرغة، من الموسوعات إلى مختصرات، ومن المختصرات الملغزة إلى الرجوع إلى مصادرها لشرحها وحل رموزها، ومن الشروح إلى الحواشي، ومن الحواشي إلى التعاليق ومن التعاليق إلى التعقيبات، ومن التعقيبات إلى الردود ـ ردود البعض على بعض ـ إلى ما لا يكاد ينتهي، وإذا استطاع ذو همة وإرادة وصبر الوصول إلى نهاية فَإِنَّهُ قلما يحصل على نتيجة يطمئن إليها، ويستمسك بها، ويعضُّ عليها بكلتا يديه وبنواجذه، اللهم إِلاَّ على أساس التقليد أو التعصب المذهبي. وتلك أخطر فترة مرت بها الأمة الإسلامية، وقد دامت عدة قرون تجمَّد فيها الفكر الإسلامي، وتبلد فيها العلماء المسلمون وتلاميذهم، ونضبت عقولهم أو عقمت فلم تعد تنجب أو تنتج شيئا جديدا؛ فأصبحوا يجترون الماضي، وقلما يفقهون منه شيئا، والأمة الإسلامية سادرة في نوم عميق، كاد يكون موتا، ولعله كذلك، وَكَأَنـَّهَا قد نالها الإعياء والإرهاق والانهيار مِمَّا حقَّقته في عصور عزِّها وقرون ازدهارها، وتلك الأيام نداولها بين الناس، ﴿اللَّهُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُم مِّن ضَعْفٍ ثُمَّ جَعَلَ مِن بَعْدِ ضَعْفٍ قُوَّةً ثُمَّ جَعَلَ مِن بَعْدِ قُوَّةٍ ضَعْفًا وَشَيْـبَةً يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَآءُ وَهُوَ الْعَلِيمُ الْقَدِيرُ﴾(4) And God created the Public.

While other nations, especially Western nations, including Europe and elsewhere have taken insight of the light of Islam, from the bright and western parts, Istneron done without faith or recognition thanks to him, but the keenness of them to switch it off, and they went so Qabas Antioch divine, and knew him and جحدوا bounty and light . However, they threw shadow but Zlmadtha in the Islamic nation, which is covered in a deep slumber, and it is not valid and did not agree and wake up only signed defender, thundering طلقاتها and fire devastating the Holocaust and shells!.

6- The sixth and last phase to today's date: Onwards unseen which no one knows except God, which is the process of rebirth and renewal, or the process of the Renaissance and the vigilance and the Islamic awakening, in search of the past and pride in it, and Astmadada a referral from him that ratified intentions, and concluded business purposes, Tshuva and open-minded and forward-looking to the future with breathtaking glitter decoration and Moryate order to : Well this world and good in the Hereafter, and whether we can on the basis of the words of God : ) And some of them say our Lord ءاتنا, good in this world and in the Hereafter ((5), And saying: ) And Aptg the concerning Ouatak of God Hereafter and do not forget your share of the world (the(6). Does it come and get him through «Islamization age»? . وهذه الجدلية المطروحة ينبغي ـ بل يجب ـ أن تكون بؤرة التفكير والعناية من مثل هذه التظاهرات والندوات والمؤتمرات واللقاءات للحوار بين الثقافات، أو بين الحضارات، وبين الديانات، بل ولو حَتَّى بين المذاهب والانتماءات الإسلامية عبر المذاهب، فيجب أن يطرح للبحث بجد وعمق، بل يجب ويتعين علينا أن نسعى إلى أسلمة الحياة وصبغها كلِّها بصبغة الإسلام، ﴿صِبْغَةَ اللَّهِ وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ مِنَ اللَّهِ صِبْغَةً وَنَحْنُ لَهُ عَابِدُونَ﴾(7). This is what our ancestors from  companions and came after them, has Sbgua most if not all nations and peoples, nations and countries that honors God open of Islam, Sbgua all areas of their lives to Islam. This is what we have today, and start Bnfosna, our people and عشائرنا kin, our nations and our peoples and our countries and our governments and our authorities, on the basis of the words of God : ) O ye who believe Ward off yourselves and your families against a Fire whose fuel is people and stones angels غلاظ the Shaddad not disobey what God commanded them and do what they are commanded ((8), And saying to His Messenger mercy to the worlds Envoy: ﴿وَأَنذِرْ عَشِيرَتَكَ الأَقْرَبِينَ﴾(9), Said: ) O ye who believe you yourselves do not harm you astray If اهتديتم to God your return all فينبئكم what ye ((10).

أَمَّا لقاءنا هذا اليوم فحول عَلَم من أعلام الفكر الإباضي في أرقى وأزهر أطوار التاريخ الإسلامي، بعد خير قرونها قرن النبي  وأصحابه الطيبين، من الأنصار والمهاجرين وكبار التابعين، إِنـَّهُ عصر نشأة المذاهب وتأسيسها وتأصيلها، بدءا كما سبق قولنا بالإمام أبي الشعثاء جابر بن زيد، وقد وضع معالم المذهب الأولية وأصوله وأسسه، وإن لم يقصد إنشاء أو انتحال مذهب معين مستقل متميز عن الكتاب والسنة؛ وذلك شأن معظم ـ إن لم نقل كل ـ أَئِمَّة المذاهب الإسلامية، خاصة أَئِمَّة التابعين. He died of Imam Jabir may Allah have mercy on him late first century Hijri year 93 AH / 95 AH, and his successor after him his disciples, led by Imam Abu Ubaidah Muslim ibn Abi dignified, which is Morsi rules and principles of doctrine, select the features Streptococcus, scientific and theological, political, and graduated by a group of : Abu Khattab Abdullah highest tolerant bin, founder of rhetoric Ibadi state in Tripoli, Morocco (Libya) Vboia allegiance legitimacy suburb “Hunter” One hundred and forty years of immigration (140E). Along with colleagues from science students: Abd al-Rahman ibn Rustam, founder Rustumiya state sold the legitimacy of one hundred and sixty year AH (160E), And Andalusian Massoud, tribal and Abu Dawood, Abu Moneeb Ismail bin Talal الغدامسي, the.

Also graduated at the hands of Abu Obeida Muslim ibn Abi precious or secret from his school science campaign to the Orient: Oman and Yemen, Hadramout and Khorasan, including Abu Musa Alazkoa, and spring Ben Habib, Abu Noah in favor of Paint, and cuddly bin leave and… And… Who أنجبوا Imam celebrated today «Mohammed bin beloved son leave» who died in 260 AH, which proves and confirms that he lived period thriving gold high-end of the doctrines of Islamic, and the doctrine of Ibadi particular, the doctrine of the call and the truth and honesty, and is a contemporary of the finest periods of the state Rustumiya Morocco, Ptihrt Tiaret (160E), And has lived and lasted and lasted one hundred and thirty-six (136) Year up to 296 e.

وكأني بالإمام محَمَّد بن محبوب ـ وإن كنت لا أجزم ـ قد عاش فترة الإمام عبد الوهاب بن عبد الرحمن، فقد يكون ضمن العلماء الذين كان لهم تواصل مع الأَئِمَّة الرستميين، بالتراسل والتشاور في كثير من انشغالات عصرهم وزمانهم ومستجدات الأحداث، شرقا وغربا، خاصة أيام نشأة الدولة الرستمية والدعم والإعانة والمساعدة التي قدَّمها الأصحاب المشارقة لها أوَّلَ عهدها أيام الإمام عبد الرحمن بن رستم، فتقبلها في المرة الأولى ـ بعد مشورة أهل المشورة ـ لمجيئها في الوقت المناسب، وموقعها الموقع الملائم من حاجة الدولة للدعم والمساندة والعزة والتمكين والاستقرار، بينما المساعدة الثانية من العام الموالي أو بعده، جاءت وردها الأَئِمَّة المغاربة على أصحابهم المشارقة عسى أن يكونوا أحوج إليها من الدولة. Has stabilized and managed glory of God and victory and enable them, Mstkhalafan in the ground, but his companions Masharqa mercy of God rather than to consume such financial assistance shall be a reference to charity has dropped her and Ndhiroha God, and sold it and bought God of whom have cloned the books, فبعثوا by revered forty camel; 80 Quintals, and learned imam Abdul Wahab bin Abd al-Rahman, said about himself: He read all he said: «Those Astzdt to note, only three issues discretionary if asked to answer such states»! If this is true), blessed be God the Creator best ((11),) Pays the wisdom of wills and borne wisdom has Otte much good and mentions only men of understanding ((12), And saying that spoken by God's grace it, and how entrenched imams in science and jurisprudence and diligence, and that they take and Tolyatem and Mbayathm imam was about the hopes and well-deserved, was not just the legacy of her relationship descent, as alleged by some unsuspecting or ignorant of those who have written about the state and the Imamate Rustumiya. It was those books nucleus or in support and enrich the library «infallible», State Library Rustumiya, which was a source of pride and advantage of the Righteous, advocacy and integrity, and the State Library Rustumiya like libraries Abbasid Baghdad or Basra or Kufa, or libraries of the Umayyad dynasty in Andalusia Cordoba and Seville or Granada, : Tatars and Mongols libraries or Abbasids heritage in the Orient, such as the Spanish and Portuguese who ruled the libraries and heritage of the Umayyad and Taifa Andalusia, as well as damaged and was told: Burned library infallible Rustumiya, on the hands of the Fatimid العبيديين led by Abu Abdullah calling or Shiite preacher to lead the Fatimid Mahdi Obeid-Allah, so when you undermine the extinction state Rustumiya year 296 AH. I: I say: لعل إمامنا المحتفل به اليوم محَمَّد بن محبوب بن الرحيل كان من جملة العلماء الذين أرسوا قواعد المذهب وأصوله العقدية ـ الكلامية ـ وأصوله الفقهية والسياسة لما قامت فتنة أو ثورة ابن فندين حول قضية جواز إمامة الفاضل مع وجود الأفضل، وقضية الإمامة أو البيعة له مع شرط، وهي قضية أثيرت حول إمامة الإمام عبد الوهاب بن عبد الرحمن بن رستم، وقد تولى أو بويع وقُلِّد الإمامة بعد عبد الرحمن بن رستم، وقد كان رأي أهل الحل والعقد أول الأمر بعد وفاة الإمام عبد الرحمن منصبًّا أو متَّجهًا ومركَّزًا على مسعود الأندلسي، وهو المرشح الأَوَّل للإمامة قبل عبد الوهاب، وهو الثاني، ولكن مسعود لما أحس بذلك خرج من تيهرت على حرص وجدية الباحثين عنه، فلم يسَعْ أهلَ الحلِّ والعقد أن يبقى منصب الإمام شاغرًا أكثر من ثلاثة أيام تأسِّيًا بفعل الصحابة  بعد شغور منصب الخلافة بمقتل عمر بن الخطاب ، وبوصية أو تعليمة منه، فبايع أهل البيعة في تيهرت ـ ومنهم نفاث بن نصر ـ عبدَ الوهاب بن عبد الرحمن بيعة شرعية بالإمامة، واشترط يزيد بن فندين في بيعته أن لا يقضي الإمام أمرًا دون استشارة جماعة معلومة، فقال له الإمام: Allegiance and the condition is false argument, what we have heard such in the first two companions ancestors.

وَلَمَّا تمت البيعة الشرعية بالإمامة للإمام عبد الوهاب، وثبتت في عنقه، وتعينت طاعته على المسلمين ما أطاع الله ورسوله فيهم، ظهر مسعود الأندلسي فبايع الإمامَ عبدَ الوهاب بدوره بيعةَ الإمامة بالسمع والطاعة، واستقرت الإمامة، قامت قيامة ابن فندين ورفاقه، حسدًا من عند أنفسهم، وقد كان يطمح إليها أو إلى مقام معتبر فيها، بحكم العلاقة النسبية، أو علاقة رحم بينه وبين الإمام، فلم ينله؛ فنادى ببطلان إمامة المفضول (Abdul Wahab) There with the best (Massoud Andalusian), And also the necessity of commitment Club Imam including condition of Allegiance Day does not spend an order without consulting the Shura and the advice of the people of the people of the solution and the contract. About the discharge, complications and riots and hoopla created by this sedition Starter Imam Abdul Wahab and the people Hourah who with him from the people of the solution and jurisprudence imams Mates of scientists Masharqa, in Amman, Hadramout, Egypt, Khorasan, and most of the citizen Mates Istvetonhm in these developments and innovations, and they are aware of its provisions, but : ﴿وَإِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ رَبِّ أَرِنِي كَيْفَ تُحْيِي الْمَوْتَى قَالَ أَوَلَمْ تُؤْمِن قَالَ بَلَى وَلَكِن لِّيَطْمَئِنَّ قَلْبِي﴾(13), Came all the books and answers the approval of the pro What Imam with the presence of preferences in some features and characteristics, and like the health succession of Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with them, the consensus of the Muslim nation at the time, and companions  who is the best of them in the judiciary, such as: Ali, and read them like: My father, and I know them Halal and Haram as Maaz bin Jabal, and impose their inheritance, such as: Zaid ibn Thabit, and that requirement with the pledge of allegiance not only requirement of commitment to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger are correct, and the biography of the Ancestors of this nation, such as: Caliphs . To the other, as long in these facts or the incident, which split the State concerned Mates Moroccans to the flame and Ncar, and perhaps have won Mates Almcharqp some fragments of it throughout history, recorded books of biography, though supporters son Ffendin Alencar may be extinct or no longer have (14),) فاعتبروا my initial sight ((15).

Ladies and gentlemen, the owners of tolerance and virtue, we are today in this seminar we commemorate those sheikhs and imams glories and what they were and continue the integration of consultation and dialogue in the developments and innovations, after the apartment, including the one hand, on the other hand: Do not let us their good example in التزاور and dialogue and consultation; between East and West, between the north and south, at the level of the Islamic world and the Islamic doctrines and we hope cDNA or say: وعلى مستوى المذاهب والديانات السماوية، فضلا ـ ومن باب أولى وأحرى ـ على مستوى المذهب الواحد، مذهب أهل الحق والدعوة والاستقامة، وليكن كل مذهب كذلك وقد توفرت لدينا ـ أو وُفِّرت لنا والحمد لله، خاصة على مستوى السلطنة ـ كلُّ الوسائل والإمكانيات المادية والعلمية والفنية أو التقنية للتواصل والتزاور البدني، على مستوى هذه الندوات والملتقيات والمؤتمرات والتظاهرات العلمية والثقافية والفكرية، على مختلف الأصعدة، والتواصل عبر المواصلات السلكية واللاسلكية، من القنوات الفضائية والشبكة المعلوماتية العالمية (Internet), Books, letters, publications and magazines in different languages. What أحوجنا to all of this in this day and age more than every time ago; to face the challenges of the new developments and innovations, and require the unification of visualization and unification of opinion and perceptions State concerned and dimensions of goodness and evil, especially in front of the campaign or the onslaught announced today against Islam originality first, particularly against Muslims : ﴿وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَآءُ بَعْضٍ إِلاَّ تَفْعَلُوهُ تَكُن فِتْنَةٌ فِي الأَرْضِ وَفَسَادٌ كَبِيرٌ﴾(16).

Do not let us in Manflana this ancestor a good example, and only God has said : ) That nation hath her what they earned and you what كسبتم do not ask what they were working ((17), Said: ﴿وَقُلِ اعْمَلُوا فَسَيَرَى اللَّهُ عَمَلَكُمْ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَسَتُرَدُّونَ إِلَى عَالِمِ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ فَيُنَبِّـئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ﴾(18).

May peace and God's mercy and blessings.

1- Surat leeches: 1-5.

2- Sura: 281.

3- Surat pen: 4.

4- Surat Roman: 54.

5- Sura: 201.

6- Surat stories: 77.

7- Sura: 138.

8- Surat prohibition: 6.

9- Surat poets: 214.

10- Surah: 105.

11- Al-believers: 14.

12- Sura: 269.

13- Sura: 260.

14- Al-Anbiya: 105.

15- Al-Hashr: 2.

16- Al-Anfal: 73.

17- Sura: 134، 141.

18- Tawba: 105.

* Research presented to the evolution science symposium in Amman during the third century AH

الإمام محَمَّد بن محبوب الرحيلي نموذجا

Held during the period
Monday 30 September 1422 / 14 January 2002.
Even 2 A November 1422 e / 16 January 2002.

The Ministry of Awqaf and Religious Affairs – Oman